Turkiye ratifies Sweden’s NATO membership after protracted delay

Turkiye’s parliament on Tuesday ratified Sweden’s NATO membership after more than a year of delays. (File/AFP)
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Updated 24 January 2024

Turkiye ratifies Sweden’s NATO membership after protracted delay

  • Turkiye hopes this paves way for purchase of US F-16 jets
  • Warmer ties with Washington, Europe possible, says analyst

ANKARA: Turkiye’s parliament on Tuesday ratified Sweden’s NATO membership after a two-year standoff marked by diplomatic bargaining and heated debates between Ankara and its Western allies.

Out of 346 members of parliament, 287 voted in favor and 55 against.

The next step in this process involves Turkiye’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan signing the protocol into law, paving the way for Stockholm to seek Hungary’s approval as the final step toward becoming the 32nd member of the NATO military alliance.

Hungary’s Prime Minister Viktor Orban has already expressed his intention to invite his Swedish counterpart Ulf Kristersson to “negotiate” on the matter.

Ankara’s approval has implications for Turkiye’s relations with the US and others.

All eyes are on whether Turkiye’s support for Sweden’s entry into NATO will clear the way for a multi-billion-dollar deal to buy US F-16 fighter jets, and the removal of the arms embargo by Canada.

Erdogan is quoted as saying that President Joe Biden linked the sale of F-16s to Turkiye with Sweden’s NATO accession during a phone call in December.

The US Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chair, Ben Cardin, said on Tuesday that congress is awaiting the completion of the accession protocols before proceeding with deliberations on the arms deal.

The Biden administration is expected to ask the US Congress to approve the F-16 deal, according to reports.

In response to the parliamentary vote, US Ambassador to Turkiye, Jeffry L. Flake, said on social media: “I greatly appreciate the Turkish parliament’s decision to approve Sweden’s entry into NATO. Turkiye’s commitment to the NATO Alliance clearly demonstrates our enduring partnership.”

Turkiye also recently approved Sweden’s participation in NATO’s Steadfast Defender 2024 military exercise, which will commence this week with 90,000 NATO troops in a bid to deter what is viewed as Russia’s expansionist ambitions.

Last year, Turkiye, Sweden and Finland agreed on a trilateral memorandum, where Stockholm and Helsinki committed to update their counterterrorism legislation.

While Finland fulfilled its part of the bargain and joined NATO last April, Erdogan accused Swedish officials of being too soft on the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK, and not addressing Ankara’s security concerns effectively.

Turkiye and Sweden later inked a security deal that covers their cooperation to fight terrorism. NATO’s Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg also made a commitment to appoint a special coordinator for counterterrorism within the organization.

Paul Levin, director at Stockholm University Institute for Turkish Studies, thinks that Sweden-Turkiye relations, while relatively solid on several fronts, may have cooled due to the drawn-out negotiations.

“I expect the Swedish government to live up to its pledges regarding its continued fight against terror and I assume that at least as long as this government is in power they will continue to support EU engagement with Turkiye, even if Sweden has very little say when it comes to the EU,” he told Arab News.

“Swedish exports to Turkiye are larger than to all of Latin America so Sweden also has an interest in maintaining good relations,” Levin added.

As part of the diplomatic bargaining between Stockholm and Ankara, Sweden tightened its counter-terrorism legislation, and its courts complied with some extradition requests by Turkiye.

Levin argued that many Swedes are angry at what they view as Erdogan’s delaying tactics, and his attempts to link the NATO accession to the arms deal.

“And such sentiments will have an impact on relations in the long run,” he said.

Meanwhile, Erdogan is set to meet with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin in Kazakhstan on Wednesday and Friday, during the Astana Group meetings on Syria.

In addition, with the Swedish accession protocol expected to be ratified by Hungary in a few weeks, NATO ministers of defense will meet in Brussels on Feb. 15 under the chairmanship of Stoltenberg.

Ziya Meral, lecturer in diplomatic studies at SOAS University of London, said this was not a silver bullet that would solve all the complex strategic divergences and disagreements between Turkiye and other NATO members, particularly with the US.

“Ankara understandably sought to maximize the process in negotiations and it made a strong case for its views and interests. While we all knew the limits of what was possible out of such negotiations, it has hopefully provided a basis to address some of the key points,” he told Arab News.

“A stronger NATO is in Turkiye’s interests, and Sweden is an important country to have as an ally,” Meral added.

For Ozgur Unluhisarcikli, Ankara office director of the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the Swedish government had already accommodated Turkiye’s concerns within its political constraints.

“Meanwhile, prospects for improved relations with Europe and the US remained elusive as long as Turkiye maintained its stance on stalling Sweden’s NATO entry,” he told Arab News.

“Making the assessment that the opportunity cost of delaying Sweden’s NATO accession outweighed additional gains to be made from doing so ratified the accession,” he added.

Now that Turkiye has taken this step of ratification, Unluhisarcikli expects reciprocal moves by Europe and the US.

“It is likely that Brussels will take decisions to facilitate structured foreign policy dialogue with Turkiye and unblock high-level dialogue including on the accession process,” he said.

Unluhisarcikli thinks that Washington can be expected to finalize the sale of a new fleet of F-16s to Turkiye and perhaps extend an invitation to Erdogan for an official visit to the White House.

“If such a visit takes place, it should be used as an opportunity to use the momentum to address the S-400 crisis and lift the CAATSA (Countering America’s Adversaries through Sanctions Act) sanctions imposed by the US on Turkiye over its purchase of Russian missile defense system,” he said.

India on ‘red alert’ over severe heatwave

Updated 5 sec ago

India on ‘red alert’ over severe heatwave

  • Heatwaves reached dangerous levels in India, Asian countries since April
  • High mercury expected to impact livestock, land transport, power supply

NEW DELHI: Delhi and other parts of northern India were on the meteorological department’s highest alert over severe heatwaves on Wednesday, with temperatures in some regions expected to soar over 47 degrees Celsius.

The India Meteorological Department forecasts heatwave conditions to persist until the end of the week and issued a severe weather warning, known as the “red alert,” in the Indian capital region and the states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Chandigarh and West Uttar Pradesh.

Delhi officials ordered schools to shut on Tuesday as parts of the city recorded temperatures above 47 degrees Celsius. Though summer temperatures often peak during May in India, IMD director-general Dr. Mrutyunjay Mohapatra said the warning was necessary for the general public.

“Any heatwave conditions must be taken seriously because it can cause mortality or morbidity if care is not taken,” Mohapatra told Arab News on Wednesday.

The IMD has warned of the “very high likelihood of developing heat illness and heatstroke in all ages” due to the high temperatures. It added that “extreme care” was needed for vulnerable people and that citizens should drink sufficient water even if they are not thirsty.

“People should be under the shades, they should take water so that there is no dehydration,” Mohapatra said.

The severe heat is expected to impact not only people but also livestock, land transport, and the country’s energy supply.

“There is heavy demand in the power sector — there was the highest demand in Delhi yesterday — so therefore there could be disruption in the power supply,” he added.

Santwana Biswas, a domestic worker from Noida on the outskirts of Delhi, is among those who have been dealing with power disruptions in their neighborhoods.

“The electricity situation in my locality has worsened, with the night passing with just a couple of hours of electricity. Imagine, how can I sleep in this heat without a fan? I have not been able to get proper sleep for at least a week now,” Biswas told Arab News.

“Heat hasn’t allowed me to function normally. I am dragging myself just to save my job.”

Heatwaves, most likely fueled by climate change, have been reaching dangerous levels across India and other Asian countries since April, with eastern India experiencing its hottest April on record and reporting deaths related to soaring temperatures.

Saloni Kumari, a housewife in Delhi, said the heat was disorienting.

“Even early in the morning, you don’t feel comfortable going for a walk or doing any work. Air conditioning at home does not work properly when you have high temperatures,” she said.

“Life has become disoriented in this heatwave.”

Attacks on health care in war zones surge 25 percent last year, NGOs say

Updated 1 min 53 sec ago

Attacks on health care in war zones surge 25 percent last year, NGOs say

The Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition, composed of 40 groups including medical charities, reported 2,562 incidents
The group apportions responsibility and said governments were to blame for nearly half of the attacks

GENEVA: Attacks on medics and health facilities in war zones jumped in 2023 to the highest level since records began 11 years ago, a group of non-governmental organizations said on Wednesday, with nearly half attributed to state forces.
The Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition, composed of 40 groups including medical charities, reported 2,562 incidents of violence or obstructions including arrests, killings and kidnappings of doctors and strikes across hospitals in 30 conflicts including Gaza, Ukraine and Sudan.
That is up by about a quarter compared with 2022.
Unlike the World Health Organization which also documents attacks on health care, the group apportions responsibility and said governments were to blame for nearly half of the attacks.
Len Rubenstein, chair of the coalition and a Johns Hopkins University professor, called for “far more assertive action to end the scourge of violence against health care,” asking governments to cease arms transfers to perpetrators and press prosecutors to hold them accountable.
The group uses open source data and partner contributions and cross checks to ensure no double counting.
The coalition attributed 489 incidents in Gaza last year to Israeli forces, including medic deaths or injuries and strikes or raids on hospitals. No responsibility had been established in seven other cases, including the deaths of six Israeli military medics killed in fighting in separate incidents between October and December, and the bombing of the Al-Ahli Hospital on Oct. 17, 2023, it said.
Israel, whose military offensive in Gaza began after the deadly Hamas cross-border attacks of Oct. 7, says hospitals in the Palestinian enclave are used by Hamas militants as bases.

Attacks on medics and health facilities in war zones jumped in 2023 to the highest level since records began 11 years ago, a group of non-governmental organizations said on Wednesday, with nearly half attributed to state forces. (AFP/File)

Indonesian pilgrim’s journey to Makkah: 60 years of unforgettable memories

Updated 30 min 31 sec ago

Indonesian pilgrim’s journey to Makkah: 60 years of unforgettable memories

Riyadh: In 1964, six-year-old Indonesian Maryam Mohammad Munir traveled to Saudi Arabia for the first time to perform Hajj with her family. Since then, she has traveled 22 more times to the Kingdom to perform Umrah and Hajj.

In the Makkah Route Initiative hall at Surabaya airport, Munir reminisced about the memories and experiences of her 22 trips.

According to the Saudi Press Agency report, she said that 60 years ago, her family’s first trip to perform Hajj was costly and made on a primitive ship that took five to eight months to arrive in the Kingdom.

These ships would first sail from the port of Jakarta, pass through India, the Arabian Sea and the Red Sea, and then finally arrive at the port of Jeddah.

The journey, she said, was fraught with dangers, challenges and fear. However, her family’s commitment to fulfilling their religious obligations gave them the strength to persevere through the hardships they encountered along the way.

Munir also talked about Indonesians’ traditions surrounding Hajj in the past. The pilgrims would all gather in Jakarta and bid farewell to their family members before setting off. After completing Hajj and returning home, the pilgrims’ families would warmly welcome them with various gifts, celebrating their safe return and the fulfillment of their religious journey.

She said that with development, travel to Makkah has become much easier, which has led to an increasing number of pilgrims traveling to the holy city.

Munir expressed sincere thanks and appreciation to the Saudi leadership, which, she said, continues to exert great efforts to serve pilgrims from all over the world and help them perform Umrah and Hajj with ease.


Indian pilgrims arrive in Makkah

Mutawifs of Arabs Hajj Company (Ashraqat) subsidiary Rahlat wa Manafi Company has welcomed the first group of pilgrims from India who arrived in Makkah for this year’s Hajj season.

The first group consisted of some 2,500 pilgrims distributed in three centers, the SPA reported.

Rahlat wa Manafi Company CEO Ahmad Tamar said that the company strives to provide the utmost comfort to pilgrims, helping them perform their rituals with ease, according to instructions from King Salman regarding visitors, Umrah performers and pilgrims.

The Indian pilgrims expressed gratitude for the efforts exerted by the government of King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman to provide the best services for pilgrims. They also voiced appreciation for the warm hospitality and reception.

Gaza refugee stories bring Filipinos closer to Palestinians

Updated 42 min 9 sec ago

Gaza refugee stories bring Filipinos closer to Palestinians

  • Nearly 150 Filipino-Palestinians were evacuated from Gaza by the Philippine government
  • Their stories give Filipinos a new perspective as the narrative used to be dominated by Israel

MANILA: In 2023, Jehan Alabadla, 22, was in her senior year at the Islamic University of Gaza, where she was set to graduate from the school’s biotechnology program.

She was forced to flee her home in November — weeks after Israel started its deadly onslaught on the Gaza Strip — to seek shelter in the Philippines, her mother’s native country, leaving behind her Palestinian father and half-siblings, who now liv, displaced, in tents. Alabadla speaks with them whenever she can, but it is not easy as communication lines have been destroyed.

“It is really hard, this is not the life I was used to in Gaza,” she told Arab News.

“With the war, it’s like my life has stopped. Right now, my priority is to save a bit, help my dad in Gaza, as well as my siblings because they’re still so little. It makes me cry because they’ve gotten so thin.”

Alabadla is one of nearly 150 Filipino-Palestinians evacuated from Gaza by the Philippine government — many leaving their homes, livelihoods, and often also loved ones.

She shared the story of her hometown and family in Gaza with over 1,000 people who gathered at the University of the Philippines on Sunday, for an event meant to support the evacuee families and bring them closer to the community.

Among them was also Zenith Abudalal, who returned to the Philippines with her Palestinian husband, children, and grandchildren.

She recalled their harrowing experiences in Gaza amid the Israeli attacks which since October have killed more than 36,000 people, wounded more than 80,000, and destroyed most of the enclave’s infrastructure.

As Philippine authorities were trying to bring her family to safety, they had to walk 8 km to the border with Egypt. Holding white flags, they were instructed to focus on their path, not to stop, not to look to their sides, not to react when Israeli soldiers called them.

“We walked. Our streets were filled with the dead. Severed limbs, heads, bodies,” she said. “We just prayed hard so we can reach our destination ... It was so difficult.”

The stories have given the Filipino audience a new perspective, where until now, their knowledge has been dominated by pro-Israeli narratives that utilize the Holocaust and World War II and have for decades marginalized Palestinian voices.

“We often hear about the plight of the Jews, but the Jews or Israelis are not the only victims ... The Palestinians have been driven off their land for a long time,” said Alexa Villano, a resident of Quezon City.

Manila-based writer Michiko Manalang, who brought her parents to the meeting, said that the refugees’ stories made them see things differently.

“I think the event gave them a different emotional truth, especially after knowing that some young women there were without parents or other loved ones, either because they’re still stuck in Rafah, or they were killed in the invasion,” she said.

“I feel that the world is waking up to the reality that community is where it’s at, and I think that can really change how we live. I feel we cannot go back to the way we lived before.”

Consolidating the refugees and the variety of their experiences is what the event sought to highlight.

“We are hoping with this kind of awareness comes the acceptance from a wider Filipino community,” Darwin Absari, professor at the UP’s Institute of Islamic Studies and a co-founder of the Moro-Palestinians Cooperation Team, told Arab News.

“In terms of raising awareness, I think we have somehow reached it. One thousand is still a small number for us, but those people who went there kept on sharing. So that multiplies. Janine Gutierrez went there with her mom Lot Lot. Aubrey Miles also promoted our event,” he said, referring to celebrity Filipino actresses.

There was an increasing awareness among Filipino politicians too, despite their strong links with the US and its ally, Israel.

Samira Gutoc, a former legislator in Mindanao, said that some were now — unlike before — convinced that the attacks on Gaza should stop, as they have been seeing more and more content giving a human face to the stories told about Palestine.

“And this is not an antisemitic campaign,” she said. “The content is really about human lives and people who care for lives. We have to stand up for human life.”

Russian guided bombs hit residential area in Kharkiv, nine injured

Updated 45 min 37 sec ago

Russian guided bombs hit residential area in Kharkiv, nine injured

  • One of the guided aerial bombs, according to preliminary data, hit a cafe
  • A petrol station caught fire as a result of the attack as well

KHARKIV: A Russian air attack on Ukraine’s northeastern city of Kharkiv on Wednesday injured at least nine people, at least one severely, and set fire to a residential building, local officials said.
“One of the guided aerial bombs, according to preliminary data, hit a cafe. It is very close to a multi-story residential building,” Serhii Bolvinov, head of the investigative department of the regional police, told national TV.
Regional governor Oleh Syniehubov said a petrol station caught fire as a result of the attack as well.
Kharkiv, Ukraine’s second largest city, and the surrounding region have been targeted by Russian attacks since the start of the war in 2022. Strikes have become far more intense in recent months, hitting civilian and energy infrastructure, and Russian forces have opened a new front north of the regional capital in recent weeks.
Moscow denies deliberately targeting civilians but thousands have been killed and injured in its 27-months-old invasion of Ukraine.