Hina Ayra

Hina Ayra is an economist, business consultant and a writer. Twitter: @HinaAyra

Latest published

Sugar and the economic impacts of cartelization on Pakistan

Before 1945, most of the world thought cartels brought widespread benefits. Backed by US economic might, after 1945 antitrust ideas spread across the world so that now Adam Smith’s devastating verdict of them as “conspiracies against the public” has become the prevailing interpretation.

April 08, 2020

Food security, the farmers of Pakistan and coronavirus

According to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the concept of food security is flexible, but is widely believed to exist “when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food which meets their dietary needs.

March 29, 2020