46 Afghan soldiers seek refuge in Pakistan after losing border military posts

An Afghan National Army soldier stands guard at a checkpoint near Bagram Air Base on the day the last American troops vacated it, in Parwan province, Afghanistan, July 2, 2021. (REUTERS)
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Updated 26 July 2021

46 Afghan soldiers seek refuge in Pakistan after losing border military posts

  • Hundreds of Afghan soldiers and civil officials have fled to neighbouring Tajikistan, Iran and Pakistan in recent weeks
  • Taliban has escalated offensive since US announced it would withdraw troops by September, ending 20-year military presence

Forty-six Afghan soldiers sought refuge in Pakistan after losing control of military positions across the border following advances by Taliban insurgents, Pakistan’s army said on Monday.
Hundreds of Afghan army soldiers and civil officials have fled to neighboring Tajikistan, Iran and Pakistan in recent weeks after Taliban offensives in border areas.
The Afghan military commander requested refuge at the border crossing in Chitral in the north, the Pakistan army said in a statement, adding the soldiers were given safe passage into Pakistan on Sunday night after clearance from Afghan authorities.
“Afghan soldiers have been provided food, shelter and necessary medical care as per established military norms,” the statement said.
The move comes at a time of poor relations between the neighbors. Afghanistan recalled its diplomats from Pakistan after the brief kidnapping of the Afghan ambassador’s daughter in Islamabad earlier in the month.
Afghan officials did not respond to a request for comment.
The Taliban has escalated its offensive since the United States announced in April that it would withdraw its troops by September, ending a 20-year foreign military presence.
Washington has said it will continue to carry out air strikes to support Afghan forces facing insurgent attacks.
Afghan government and Taliban negotiators have met in Qatar’s capital, Doha, in recent weeks, although diplomats say there have been few signs of substantive progress since peace talks began in September.
Reeling from battlefield losses, Afghanistan’s military is overhauling its war strategy against the Taliban to concentrate forces around critical areas such as Kabul and other cities, border crossings and vital infrastructure, Afghan and US officials have said.
The Pakistan army said the soldiers who sought refuge will be returned to Afghanistan after due process, as had taken place in the case of another batch of 35 soldiers earlier in July. 

Pakistan tells UN refugee agency it will continue Afghan aid

Updated 16 September 2021

Pakistan tells UN refugee agency it will continue Afghan aid

  • A senior minister says the government has sent trucks carrying food for Afghans to help prevent a humanitarian crisis in the neighboring state
  • Pakistan has already communicated to the world community it cannot host more refugees due to its financial constraints

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan’s interior minister has assured the UN refugee agency that his country will continue to provide humanitarian assistance to Afghan people.
Sheikh Rashid Ahmed told visiting UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi on Thursday that no new Afghan refugees had entered Pakistan since the Taliban took control in neighboring Afghanistan last month.
According to a government statement, Ahmed said Pakistan has sent trucks carrying food for the Afghan people to help try to avoid a humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan. It said Grandi thanked Pakistan for hosting 3 million Afghan refugees in recent decades.
Since the Taliban toppled Afghanistan’s US-backed government Aug. 15, Pakistan has urged the world community to speed up efforts to avoid a humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan.
Pakistan says it cannot host any more Afghan refugees for several reasons, including financial constraints.

Pakistan, Tajikistan will ‘do our best’ to ensure inclusive government in Afghanistan — PM Khan

Updated 16 September 2021

Pakistan, Tajikistan will ‘do our best’ to ensure inclusive government in Afghanistan — PM Khan

  • Khan says peace in Afghanistan “extremely important” for Pakistan-Tajikistan trade, Central Asia offers Pakistan $90 billion export market
  • PM addresses Pakistan-Tajikistan Business Forum ahead of Shanghai Cooperation Organization heads-of-state summit

ISLAMABAD: Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan said on Thursday he would work with the president of Tajikistan to ensure there was peace in Afghanistan and an inclusive government was formed in the war-torn country, adding that this was key to enhance trade between Pakistan and the Central Asian state.

World powers have told the Taliban the key to peace and development is an inclusive government acceptable to all people of Afghanistan, including women and minorities. But an all-male interim cabinet announced earlier this month saw key positions going to core, veteran players of the Taliban movement.

The Persian-speaking Tajiks of Afghanistan’s western and northern regions have long been opposed to the southern and eastern Pashtuns who make up the core of the Taliban. 

The Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan states in Central Asia share a border with landlocked Afghanistan.

“We just wish and pray that finally after 40 years of conflict there will be peace in Afghanistan,” Khan said while addressing the Pakistan-Tajikistan Business Forum in Dushanbe, where he arrived today, Thursday, to attend the 20th Shanghai Cooperation Organization Council of Heads of State (SCO-CHS) summit. 

“It’s extremely important for our [Pakistan-Tajikistan] trade for there to be peace there [in Afghanistan] so there’s better connectivity.”

He added: “I will be meeting your president. Your president and myself will be trying everything to make sure that there is peace, especially between the two major communities, Pashtuns and Tajiks. We will be doing our best that they get together and there is an inclusive government.” 

This is PM Khan’s first visit to Tajikistan where he met and interacted with members of the business communities of both Pakistan and Tajikistan. 

“I believe we have some 67 companies here from Pakistan today, in different fields of textiles, minerals, pharmaceuticals,” the PM said at the forum. 

He praised Tajikistan for being a “very resourceful country.”

“You have cheap, clean hydroelectricity and in Pakistan, unfortunately, we have very expensive electricity,” Khan lamented. 

“And so, we hope that CASA-1000 will be expedited so that we can also benefit from your clean and cheap energy,” the PM said, referring to a regional electricity generation project linking Central Asia and South Asia.

He said Pakistan, with its 220 million population, offered a “huge market” to Tajikistan and an opportunity to expand the existing “miniscule” trade volume of $80 million. 

“We hope and I invite you [Tajikistan’s business community], our business community will invite you, and I assure you that we will facilitate you in every way,” he said. “I can assure you that we will be giving you all the incentives, the government will do everything to make it easier for you to do business.”

After attending the business forum, Khan had a meeting and discussed Afghanistan and other bilateral and regional issues with President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev of Kazakhstan.

“The Prime Minister particularly emphasized the importance of connectivity and Pakistan’s pivotal position in providing the shortest access route to the sea,” a statement from the Pakistani foreign office said. “The Prime Minister also highlighted the significance of Trans-Afghan railway project connecting Termez-Mazar-e-Sharif-Kabul-Jalalabad-Peshawar.”

In June, PM Khan attended the Pakistan-Uzbekistan “Silk Route Reconnect” Business Forum and signed a significant transit agreement with Uzbekistan to allow Tashkent to utilize Pakistani seaports for much of its trade, bypassing Iran. 

Uzbekistan is a landlocked country that heavily relies on Iran’s Bandar Abbas port for international business and commerce. Islamabad wants to tap the unlocked states through its deep-sea Gwadar port in southwestern Balochistan to boost its geo-economic position in the region. 

Central Asia also offers Pakistan a $90 billion export market.

Khan also signed deals for the transportation of goods, cooperation between chambers of commerce of both countries, education, culture and tourism during the June trip.

The Pakistani foreign office said on Thursday the PM’s visit to Tajikistan this week was part of Pakistan’s deepened engagement with Central Asia and its focus on enhancing political ties, trade and investment, energy and connectivity, security and defense, and people-to-people contact. 

SCO, an eight-member permanent inter-governmental trans-regional organization, was established in Shanghai in June 2001. Pakistan became an SCO observer in 2005 and a full member in June 2017. Other members include Russia, China, India, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan. 

The organization has four observer states, Iran, Mongolia, Belarus and Afghanistan, and six dialogue partners, including Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal, Turkey and Sri Lanka.

Pakistani money management app aims to target Saudi Arabia, UAE to expand international footprint

Updated 16 September 2021

Pakistani money management app aims to target Saudi Arabia, UAE to expand international footprint

  • Hysab Kytab has established a network of over 15 banks and financial services providers in the Middle East and North Africa region
  • Pakistan has witnessed a massive surge of 53 percent in digital payments since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic, survey says

KARACHI: A Karachi-based company, which launched a personal finance management mobile app in 2019, has decided to penetrate Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, along with other markets in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, to expand its international footprint, said the company officials on Thursday.
Hysab Kytab is a fully customizable mobile app that offers a platform to manage the user’s financial activities and budgeting.
The app has over 640,000 users who have clocked in more than 12 million transactions.
About 78 percent of them are from Pakistan.
“For the current year, our first target is the MENA region for going global,” Muhammad Yasir Ilyas, global head of Hysab Kytab, told Arab News. “So far, we have developed a good network of 15-plus channel partners including banks in the region. We are also engaging with banks in Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Qatar, Nigeria and other African countries.”
Ilyas continued that his company was also talking to leading global banking solutions providers, such as Temenos and IBM, since it wanted to partner with them before spreading its tentacles in other markets.
“Our target is to make this Pakistani born product a global reality,” he said, adding that the app also provided research data on consumer spending behavior.
Digital financial solutions have been gaining traction in Pakistan -- traditionally a cash-based economy -- since the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic.
According to a survey conducted by Visa, the use of digital payments, including contactless cards and mobile wallets, increased by 53 percent since the beginning of the contagion.
“Pakistani consumers are increasingly stepping away from cash and putting their trust in digital payments in both in-store and online environments during the pandemic,” Visa said in a statement issued Wednesday.
The financial services company said consumer feedback reinforced the belief that there is no reversal of this trend, with 20 percent of people saying they were less likely to use cash on delivery and 35 percent mentioning the likelihood of using contactless payment methods in the future.
While e-commerce and contactless payments have increased in popularity, the trend of paying by cash on delivery has declined by 28 percent, according to the Visa survey.
Global trend also shows that 12 out 50 startups from Forbes Fintech 50 belong to the personal finance management category.
According to the magazine, together these 12 startups have secured a total funding of $3.6 billion.

Afghanistan’s Kam Air tells Pakistan aviation authority it wants to resume Islamabad flights

Updated 16 September 2021

Afghanistan’s Kam Air tells Pakistan aviation authority it wants to resume Islamabad flights

  • Afghanistan’s aviation ministry recently told Pakistan the new administration in Kabul wanted smooth flow of passengers between the two countries
  • Iran has already resumed its commercial flights to Kabul after briefly suspending them in the wake of the Taliban takeover last month

KARACHI: An Afghanistan-based private airline, which previously operated three weekly flights to Pakistan, has decided to resume its Islamabad operations, said a Pakistani aviation official on Thursday.
Kam Air’s decision comes just a few days after Afghanistan’s aviation ministry wrote a letter to the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority (PCAA), saying that the new administration in Kabul wanted to keep a smooth flow of passengers between the two countries.
It added that the two Afghan airlines — Ariana and Kam Air — wanted to commence their scheduled flights to Pakistan under their memoranda of understanding signed with the Pakistani authorities.
“Afghanistan’s Kam Air, which flew three times a week between Kabul and Islamabad, has told us it wants to resume its flights,” a PCAA spokesperson told Arab News.
“We had also received a similar request from Afghanistan’s national flag carrier, Ariana Afghan Airlines, before the Taliban takeover and will grant permission to its management once the PCAA requirements are fulfilled,” he continued.
The Afghan aviation ministry’s letter to Pakistan also maintained the Kabul airport was “damaged” by US forces before last month’s pullout, adding the facility had been made operational with the technical support of “our Qatari brothers.”
Kam Air did not respond to an email request for a comment regarding when it planned to resume its operations.
At present, the Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) is operating chartered flights between the capitals of the two countries and charging $1,300 per passenger.
The one-way fare, which is much higher than what the airlines previously charged, was confirmed by a PIA spokesperson.
PIA officials briefly suspended the special evacuation flights to Kabul on August 25 due to safety concerns since the airport’s technical crew had gone missing after the Taliban captured the Afghan capital on August 15.
The airport largely remained dysfunctional after the pullout of international forces. However, Qatar Airways was the first international airline to land in Kabul last week. This was followed by a PIA chartered flight carrying foreign journalists to Kabul on Monday.
Iran also resumed commercial flights to neighboring Afghanistan on Wednesday. The Iranian civil aviation agency had announced an interruption of flight operation to Afghanistan on August 16, only a day after the fall of Kabul, for security reasons.

UAE ambassador discusses bilateral ties with Pakistani minister for defence production

Updated 16 September 2021

UAE ambassador discusses bilateral ties with Pakistani minister for defence production

  • Pakistan and UAE have close fraternal relations and bilateral cooperation in a range of fields
  • On Wednesday, the two countries agreed to remain engaged on regional issues, including Afghanistan

ISLAMABAD: United Arab Emirates Ambassador to Pakistan Hamad Obaid Al-Zaabi met Pakistani Defence Production Minister Zubaida Jalal in Islamabad on Thursday, the UAE Embassy said. 

The two figures discussed bilateral fraternal relations between the two countries and ways to enhance them, the UAE Embassy said in a Twitter post. 

Pakistan and the UAE have close fraternal relations and bilateral cooperation in a range of fields. 



On Wednesday, the two countries agreed to remain engaged on regional issues, including Afghanistan, in a telephonic conversation between Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi and his Emirati counterpart Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al-Nahyan. 

Qureshi congratulated his counterpart on making “excellent arrangements for the [Dubai] Expo2020 and hoped that the mega event would be a resounding success,” the Pakistani foreign office said. 

The event is scheduled to kick off on October 1, with more than 1,200 Pakistani companies and individuals having confirmed their participation.