Iran works on uranium metal for reactor fuel in new breach of nuclear deal

Iran has started work on uranium metal-based fuel for a research reactor, the UN nuclear watchdog and Tehran said on Wednesday. (File/AFP)
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Updated 14 January 2021

Iran works on uranium metal for reactor fuel in new breach of nuclear deal

  • Iran has been accelerating its breaches of the deal in the past two months
  • Some of those steps were required by a law passed in response to the killing of its top nuclear scientist

VIENNA: Iran has started work on uranium metal-based fuel for a research reactor, the UN nuclear watchdog and Tehran said on Wednesday, in the latest breach of its nuclear deal with six major powers as the country presses for a lifting of US sanctions.
Iran has been accelerating its breaches of the deal in the past two months. Some of those steps were required by a law passed in response to the killing of its top nuclear scientist in November, which Tehran has blamed on its arch-foe Israel.
They are also, however, part of a process started by Tehran in 2019 of committing breaches in response to US President Donald Trump's 2018 withdrawal from the deal and his reimposition of US sanctions that the deal lifted in exchange for restrictions on Iran's nuclear activities.
The moves raise pressure on US President-elect Joe Biden, who takes office next week and has pledged to return the United States to the deal if Iran first resumes full compliance. Iran wants Washington to lift sanctions first.
"(International Atomic Energy Agency) Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi today informed IAEA Member States about recent developments regarding Iran's plans to conduct R&D activities on uranium metal production as part of its declared aim to design an improved type of fuel for the Tehran Research Reactor," the IAEA said in a statement.
The agency issues ad hoc reports to member states when Iran commits a new breach of the deal, though it declines to call them breaches, leaving that call to parties to the 2015 accord.
The deal specifically imposes a 15-year ban on Iran producing or acquiring uranium metal, a sensitive material that can be used in the core of a nuclear bomb.
The IAEA's confidential report to member states, obtained by Reuters, said Iran had indicated it plans to produce uranium metal from natural uranium and then produce uranium metal enriched up to 20% for fuel for the Tehran Research Reactor.
The deal also says that can only happen in small batches and in consultation with parties to the deal after 10 years.
Separately Iran also plans to enrich uranium to 20%, a level it last reached before the 2015 deal, at its Fordow site buried in a mountain, and it started that process last week. It had so far only gone as far as 4.5%, above the 3.67% limit imposed by the deal but still far short of the 90% that is weapons grade.
US intelligence agencies and the IAEA believe Iran had a secret, coordinated nuclear weapons programme that it halted in 2003. Iran denies ever seeking nuclear weapons and says its aims with nuclear energy are entirely peaceful.
Iran told the agency on Wednesday, however, that "there is no limitation on (its) R&D activities" and "modification and installation of the relevant equipment for the mentioned R&D activities have been already started" at its Fuel Plate Fabrication Plant in Isfahan, the IAEA report said.

 

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Lebanon central bank head says figures in some media about Swiss case ‘inflated’

Updated 25 January 2021

Lebanon central bank head says figures in some media about Swiss case ‘inflated’

  • Swiss investigators said last week they were looking into the allegations linked to Lebanon’s central bank

BEIRUT: Lebanon’s Central Bank Governor Riad Salameh said on Monday that figures circulating in some news outlets and on social media relating to an inquiry by the Swiss authorities into allegations of money laundering and embezzlement were inflated.
Swiss investigators said last week they were looking into the allegations linked to Lebanon’s central bank.
The Swiss attorney general’s office has not said whether Salameh is a suspect or not and has not given any further details about the case.
A source familiar with the case has said the Swiss asked Lebanese authorities via the embassy to ask Salameh, his brother and assistant “specific questions” about transfers abroad in recent years that amount to nearly $350 million.
“All the news and figures traded in some media outlets and on social media are very inflated and are far from reality,” a statement by Salameh on Monday said.
Salameh, who has led the central bank since 1993, was questioned by Lebanon’s prosecutor on Thursday.
His role came under scrutiny after the country’s financial system collapsed in an unprecedented crisis in 2019 that prompted a crash in the Lebanese pound and a sovereign default.
A Lebanese government official told Reuters last week that Swiss authorities were investigating money transfers by Salameh and also looking into his brother and assistant. Salameh has said allegations about such transfers were untrue.
On Monday, Salameh said the logic of “lying and lying so that something sticks to people’s mind,” would not succeed.
“All the facts are documented,” he said.