Lahore’s 13 gates to bygone glory

Delhi gate, one of Lahore's most famous gates, still shows signs of some of its old grandeur. (AN Photo)
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Updated 30 December 2019

Lahore’s 13 gates to bygone glory

  • The gates of Lahore’s old city were the crown jewels of its legendary history, with only six still standing
  • Life inside the walled city has its own distinct culture, food and traditions 

LAHORE — The city of Lahore was established on the banks of the Ravi River centuries ago. 

Due to continuous invasions, pillage, and attacks, the city had a high brick wall built around it with 12 gates and one narrow passageway, bringing the total to 13. 

But half of Lahore’s grand gates were destroyed. Six continue to stand, and carry some traces of their past, with each boasting its own unique history.

“The real gates of Lahore were demolished in the British era. A few gates were reconstructed again but not in their original structure. Now, seven out of the 13 have vanished,” Najum Saqib, Director Conservation, Walled City Lahore Authority (WCLA), told Arab News.

Inside the old city, life seems to exist largely untouched by time. Many streets are too narrow for cars and every crooked alleyway has its own story to tell about the unique culture of its locals.

Taxali Gate-

In the past, invaders entered Lahore from the West, and the first gate they would see was the Taxali, home of Lahore’s infamous old Red Light District. This is also the site of Lahore’s Gawalmandi, or food street, a bustling tourist destination packed full of delectable local treats, their recipes passed down through the generations.

Taxali was historically an upper-class area of the city. The subcontinent’s renowned musicians and singers belonged to neighborhoods inside the gate. 

The British demolished Taxali Gate for military reasons and it was never built again.

Bhatti gate-

This is the second gate on the western side. The old structure was demolished and rebuilt by the British. It remains a bustling center of commerce but locals say increasing urbanization has marred the traditional values of life inside the old gate. 

“The life inside Bhatti gate is not the same. There was a time when everyone knew everyone. Now people are more secretive about their work, their life and not open with each other the way they once were,” Mian Ismaeel, 93, a resident of Bhatti gate, told Arab News.

Mori Gate-

Mori gate, to the south, was never considered a gate by historians. 
“Mori gate has not been considered a gate in any historical writing but the people of Lahore always counted it as the 13th gate. The gate has been destroyed and not even a single sign remains,” Adil Lahori, head of Lahore Heritage Foundation, told Arab News. 
Presently, the area has been turned into Lahore’s biggest fish market.

A narrow street, once the standing ground of the unofficial 13th gate of Lahore- Mori Gate which was demolished by the British. Dec. 1, 2019. (AN Photo)

Lahori Gate-

This gate still stands-- the first gate constructed by Emperor Akbar. It faces Anarkali Bazar and remains a commercial hub to this day.

Once, the glamorous red-light district was located inside Lahori Gate, and the city’s richest dancers would reside here in beautiful palaces called Havelis.

A few derelict Havelis still exist, inhabited by multiple families without a care for the historic value of their homes. 
The area was also the first international market of the sub-continent as Europeans began the business of buying indigo here. It was the biggest market of the indigo dye in the world, and Lahore its biggest producer.

“It is a wrong perception that the West started the business of spices in the sub-continent first... rather they started buying bluing from here and exported it to Europe,” Adil Lahori said.

Lahori Gate as it stands today, rebuilt by the British in the 19th century. Dec. 1, 2019. (AN Photo)

Shah Alam Gate-

Lovingly called Shahalmi by Lahore’s residents, the original gate was destroyed when its buildings and a majority of its residents were reduced to ashes during pre-partition riots in 1946. 
It was once a Hindu-dominated area and a hub of commerce and trade. Even today, it depicts the same tradition of business with one of Asia’s largest wholesale markets. 

 “In 1957, the partly burnt Shahalmi Gate was pulled down by the Lahore administration for rebuilding-- a dream that never came true,” said Ahmad Hassan, 90, an old resident of Shahalmi.

The facade of shop-fronts where Shah Alam Gate once stood before being burnt to the ground in the 1946 pre-partition riots. Dec 1, 2019. (AN Photo)

Mochi Gate-

Inside the Mochi gate, shops sell dry fruit, fireworks, and kites. The area is home to iconic Shi’ite buildings, nestled in the middle of the walled city’s network of narrow and bustling streets, from where the annual procession of Moharram begins. 

Historically, the area inside Mochi gate served as the city’s ‘ordinance factory,’ where arrows, swords, bows, horse-saddles, and javelins were produced.

Mochi gate was also demolished by the British.

Street in Lahore's walled city, once leading to Mochi gate before it was destroyed by the British during colonial rule. Dec. 1, 2019. (AN Photo).

Akbari Gate- 

Within this gate, there was a great spice market during the Mughal era, with traders visiting from all over South and Central Asia. Even today, it is considered an important market for spices and grain.

“This is a centuries’ old market of spices that not only caters to the needs of Pakistan but also Afghanistan. The Afghans buy spices from here and export them to the Central Asian states,” Hammad Butt, a spice trader, told Arab News.

The British East India Company began its trade of spices from this very place. The original gate was demolished by the British.

Akbari Gate of Lahore's famous fort. The gate was used by Mughal kings to get into the fort and the city. Dec. 1, 2019. (AN Photo)

Delhi Gate-

The famous ‘Delhi Darwaza’ is situated on the eastern side of Lahore’s Walled City and opens in the direction of Delhi in India, the capital of the Mughal dynasty. 

The gate has been conserved by authorities and is illuminated at night for tourists. 

Delhi gate, one of Lahore's most famous gates, still shows signs of some of its old grandeur. (AN Photo)

Kashmiri Gate-

 Kashmiri gate is so named because of its direction toward the valley of Kashmir. It houses one of the biggest cloth markets in Asia-- Azam Cloth Market. 

A view of the walled city's Kashmiri gate. The original gate was razed to the ground and in its current form built by the British government in India. The gate has been renovated several times. Dec. 1, 2019. (AN Photo)

Yakki Gate- 

The last gate on the eastern side, where several Mughal courtiers spent their lives, with the remains of their Havelis still existing. The gate was demolished during the British Raj and never constructed again. 

A road and market that was once the location of the ancient Yakki gate. Dec. 1, 2019. (AN Photo) 

Khizri Gate-

This gate was constructed on the banks of the Ravi river flowing by the city walls, with residents traveling by boats. The gate still stands but in a derelict state.

Masti Gate-

This was the gate the Mughals used to reach the fort. At present, wholesale and retail markets for shoes are spread out inside the gate.

Roshnai Gate-

This is the only gate that has survived with its grandeur intact. It was used by notables, courtiers and the elite to attend court. In the evening, the lights lit here could be seen from the walled city which gave it its name, Roshnai. This gate still remains in its original shape and structure-- a hidden treasure of centuries’ old Mughal grandeur.

“The significance of these gates has been lost with the passage of time,” Meem Seen Butt, a Lahore-based historian, and writer of several books on the city, told Arab News. 

“Now they have heritage value, and are used solely for symbolic purposes.” 

Pakistan ready to hand Test debut to 36-year-old seamer Tabish

Updated 06 May 2021

Pakistan ready to hand Test debut to 36-year-old seamer Tabish

  • Tabish has been a consistent performer at the domestic level in Pakistan with 598 first-class wickets
  • Skipper Babar Azam says Pakistan next series is in the West Indies and he wants to have a settled Test squad for that

HARARE: Pakistan could hand a surprise Test debut to 36-year-old seamer Tabish Khan in the second Test against Zimbabwe starting on Friday.
Tabish has been a consistent performer at the domestic level in Pakistan with 598 first-class wickets.
Pakistan routed Zimbabwe by an innings and 116 runs in the first match in Harare and are keen to explore their fast bowling reserves ahead of a three-Test tour of the West Indies in July and August.
If he does play, Tabish will not be the oldest man to make his Pakistan Test bow.
That honor belongs to Miran Bux who was 47 years and 284 days old when he played against India at Lahore in the 1954-55 season.
Pakistan will be aiming to complete a clean sweep of series wins on their southern Africa tour.
They defeated South Africa in one-day and T20 series before moving north to win a T20 series against Zimbabwe.
Pakistan dominated the first Test on a slow Harare pitch, with Hasan Ali mainly responsible for bowling out the home side for under 200 in both innings.
Hasan had match figures of nine for 89.
Fawad Alam hit a century for Pakistan in a solid batting performance in which the only top-order batsman to fail was skipper Babar Azam, who was out first ball to Donald Tiripano.
But if it was a rare batting failure for Pakistan’s star, Babar had the satisfaction of becoming the first Pakistan captain to win his first three Tests in charge — a record which he will be expected to improve upon in the coming days.
“We won the first Test with great confidence and will take that momentum into the second Test,” Babar said Thursday.
“We need to play like that as we want to end the Africa tour on a high.
“Our next series is in the West Indies which will be totally different so we want to have a settled Test squad.”
Zimbabwe’s slim prospects of levelling the series suffered a further blow on Thursday when three leading batsmen were ruled out of the Test.
Opening batsman Prince Masvaure will be missing after suffering a fractured left thumb while fielding in the first Test.
The experienced duo of Sean Williams and Craig Ervine will again be absent, having failed to recover fully from injuries which kept them out of the opener.
Brendan Taylor will again stand in as captain in place of Williams.
Zimbabwe Cricket announced in a statement that Wesley Madhevere had been added to the squad, while the uncapped Takudzwanashe Kaitano, who was added as cover for the first Test, had been retained.
Madhevere, 20, has shown promise in white-ball internationals but failed to score in all three innings in his debut Test series against Afghanistan in Abu Dhabi in March.

With new restrictions, Pakistan's Sindh province to close restaurants, grocery stores by evening

Updated 06 May 2021

With new restrictions, Pakistan's Sindh province to close restaurants, grocery stores by evening

  • Chief Minister Murad Ali Shah says the provincial administration will also shut down recreational facilities after Sunday to curb the coronavirus spread
  • The provincial administration of Sindh may ask the federal government to ban passenger train services during the Eid holidays 

KARACHI: The provincial administration of Sindh on Thursday decided to implement COVID-19 restrictions across the province more strongly as health authorities warned that Karachi alone had recorded a positivity ratio of 14.32 percent.
The decision was announced at a time when hundreds of thousands of residents in the seaside metropolis thronged markets on Thursday afternoon due to limited shopping hours, causing extreme traffic congestion.
Sindh Chief Minister Murad Ali Shah decided to close all shops, including grocery stores, after 6 p.m. while chairing a meeting of a COVID-19 taskforce. He also announced that restaurants would not be allowed to offer takeaway facility after iftar during the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
“We will further tighten the enforcement of standard operating procedures after Sunday by closing Hawksbay, Sea View and other such recreational facilities for visitors,” he was quoted in an official handout circulated by the CM House.
The meeting was told that new coronavirus infections were on the rise in Karachi where the positivity ratio stood at 14.32 percent “which was quite dangerous.”
It was also pointed out that COVID-19 cases were on a decline in Hyderabad, another city of the province, where new coronavirus cases had declined to 11.92 percent on Wednesday from 20 percent on 29th April.
According to the provincial administration, authorities had tried to implement health safety precautions by imposing a fine on 627 people in Karachi on May 5. The district administration of the city also sealed 64 shops, arrested seven people and warned 369 others.
“People do not understand the situation,” the chief minister told the meeting. “One should only leave one’s residence for valid reasons after taking necessary precautions these days.”
The participants of the meeting urged the chief minister to talk to the federal government to ban passenger train services during Eid holidays to further prevent the spread of the virus.
Provincial health minister Dr. Azra Fazal Pechuho told the meeting that authorities in Sindh had revived quarantine facilities at local hotels and enhanced virus testing. She added that import of small-scale oxygen generation plants was also in progress.
Meanwhile, traders in Karachi expressed their disappointment at the provincial administration’s decision, accusing the health authorities of aggravating the situation by limiting the number of shopping hours that crowded the markets.
“If the markets are following their usual routine, it doesn’t lead to congestion and it is also easier for us to deal with people,” Shafiq Ahmed, a shop owner at Tariq Road, told Arab News. “Now the whole city is here to shop, and you can look at the situation.”
Agreeing with the traders, Sobia Shah, a costumer, said she would have done her shopping somewhere at night in normal situation.
“Now everyone wants to shop during the few hours available to them,” she added.

Pakistan begins to locally prepare, package China’s CanSino vaccine

Updated 06 May 2021

Pakistan begins to locally prepare, package China’s CanSino vaccine

  • National Institute of Health hopes to roll out over 100,000 doses by the end of May
  • Officials say Pakistan has procured enough raw material to produce 120,000 jabs of the single-dose vaccine

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan has started putting together China’s single-dose CanSino vaccine with imported raw materials and hopes to prepare 100,000 shots before rolling them out in local packaging by the end of the month, a local media outlet quoted the National Institute of Health (NIH) as saying on Thursday.
The country received a major shipment of CanSino vaccines from China on Wednesday and hopes to receive over 1.2 million doses through the COVAX program for poor nations by Friday. 
“The raw material is enough to produce 120,000 doses of CanSino vaccines,” NIH authorities were quoted by Geo News as saying. “The [locally packaged] jabs will be available by the end of the current month.”
The World Health Organization is currently reviewing China’s COVID-19 vaccines for global emergency use. So far, Beijing has mostly exported the vaccines to developing nations, though a favorable verdict by the WHO may help address the low vaccine distribution problem worldwide and significantly increase the pace of the global immunization campaign.
Pakistan has largely relied on Chinese vaccines, though a private firm also imported a limited number of doses of Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine, which were administered last month. 
Federal Minister for Planning and Development Asad Umar has said Pakistan has improved the pace of its coronavirus immunization drive and is now vaccinating over 200,000 people daily. Less than 3 million people have been vaccinated so far in the nation of 220 million.

Put idle capacity in countries like Pakistan to work making vaccines — WTO head

Updated 06 May 2021

Put idle capacity in countries like Pakistan to work making vaccines — WTO head

  • Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala urges governments to use production capacity in countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh, South Africa, Indonesia and Senegal 
  • Production needed to rise from 5 billion doses produced today to the 10.8 billion being forecast for this year to 15 billion

GENEVA: The world cannot act soon enough to put idle manufacturing capacity to work making COVID-19 vaccines to help redress a massive imbalance in global supply, the head of the World Trade Organization said on Wednesday.
WTO director-general Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala said equitable access to vaccines, diagnostics and treatments was “both the moral and economic issue of our time”. The World Health Organization said in April that of 700 million vaccines globally administered, only 0.2 percent had been in low-income countries.
Okonjo-Iweala told a meeting of the 164-member WTO that those who had ordered more vaccines than they needed must share with others. Members should also address export restrictions and bureaucracy disrupting vital medical supply chains.
She urged governments to work with manufacturers to use production capacity available in countries such as Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, South Africa, Indonesia and Senegal that could be turned around in a matter of months.
Production needed to rise from the 5 billion doses produced today to the 10.8 billion being forecast for this year to 15 billion, in particular if booster doses would be needed.
The debate on vaccine inequity at the WTO has centered a proposal by India and South Africa to waive intellectual property rights, at least for the duration of the pandemic.
Ten meetings of WTO members have failed to achieve a breakthrough and Wednesday’s online gathering was no different as 42 countries gave their views. However, members also heard that India and South Africa intend to refine their proposal before another discussion later in May.
Okonjo-Iweala said she was happy to hear of the revised text.
“I am firmly convinced that once we can sit down with an actual text in front of us, we shall find a pragmatic way forward,” she said, referring to a balance between developing country demands while protecting research and innovation.

Pakistan to be added to Amazon sellers list ‘within few days’ — PM’s aide

Updated 06 May 2021

Pakistan to be added to Amazon sellers list ‘within few days’ — PM’s aide

  • Pakistani sellers previously couldn’t register on Amazon, had to create shadow accounts registered in other countries
  • It is still not clear if global online marketplace will be opening an office in Pakistan though exporters encourage it

ISLAMABAD/KARACHI: Pakistani exporters will be able to register themselves with international e-commerce giant Amazon “within a few days,” the Pakistani commerce chief said on Thursday.
The announcement comes as Amazon works to take advantage of the boost the COVID-19 pandemic has given to e-commerce in South Asian economies.
Pakistani sellers were previously not allowed to register on the global online marketplace and had to create shadow accounts registered in other countries.
“Amazon will be adding Pakistan [to] its sellers list within a few days,” Abdul Razak Dawood, who advises Prime Minister Imran Khan on commerce and industry, said on Twitter.

Approaching Amazon was a major part of the country’s first ever e-commerce policy, approved in October 2019. Once Pakistani sellers are registered, they may consider opening warehouses abroad to ensure speedy delivery to consumers.
“It [is] an excellent opportunity for our youth, SMEs [small and medium sized enterprises], and women entrepreneurs,” Dawood said. “An important milestone of the e-commerce policy has been achieved through teamwork by many people across the globe.”
Pakistan’s e-commerce industry stood at approximately Rs99 billion in FY18 as compared to Rs51.8 billion in FY17, according to the State Bank of Pakistan.
However, Internet retail in Pakistan is still at its nascent stage despite more than 177 million cellular subscribers, 90.5 million 3G/4G users, 100 million broadband customers, and total tele-density of over 84 percent.
“All companies and exporters fulfilling the registration criteria will be allowed to list themselves with Amazon to sell their products,” Aisha Humera Moriani, a joint secretary at the commerce ministry, told Arab News.
She said Pakistan had successfully completed a pilot project with Amazon in which 38 exporters had participated who were now eligible to fully utilize the platform.
“Amazon is completing some technical formalities and will be open for us within a couple of days,” she said.
It is not clear at this stage if the global online marketplace will be opening an office in Pakistan.
The country’s exporters welcomed the initiative, urging the government to devise a smooth payment mechanism and facilitate them with a hassle-free remittance mechanism.
“It’s a great opportunity for Pakistani entrepreneurs,” Khurram Mukhtar, patron-in-chief of the Pakistan Textile Exporters Association, told Arab News. “However, it will be difficult for us to fully benefit from it without an international payment gateway. We will also have to invest in our logistics to compete with the rest of the world.”
Zeeshan Tariq, chairman of the Surgical Instruments Manufacturers Association of Pakistan, concurred.
“Amazon or PayPal should open their offices in Pakistan because if our customers won’t be able to make direct payments for their purchases, we won’t be able to sell them our goods as well,” Tariq said.
However, he said this was a positive development for Pakistani exporters as it would allow them to directly interact with global customers and develop their brand identity in the international market.
“The challenge now,” Tariq said, “is to exploit this opportunity to our advantage as much as we can.”