Pakistan plunges into uncertainty as PM Nawaz Sharif is ousted

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Supporters of opposition leader Imran Khan's Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) march as they celebrate on a street after the Supreme Court decison against Pakistan's Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif near Khan's residence in Karachi on July 28, 2017. Pakistan's Supreme Court on July 28 disqualified Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif from public office over long-running corruption allegations, a decision that ousts him from the premiership for the third time in a chequered political career. / AFP / ASIF HASSAN
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Former Railway Minister Khawaja Saad Rafique speaks with Former Minister of Planning and Development Ahsan Iqbal (R) and legal adviser to the the Prime Minister Zafarullah Khan (L) before the start of a news conference by members of the Pakistan Muslim League, political party of disgraced Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, in Islamabad, Pakistan. (REUTERS/Caren Firouz)
Updated 28 July 2017

Pakistan plunges into uncertainty as PM Nawaz Sharif is ousted

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan’s Supreme Court on Friday disqualified Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif from public office over long-running corruption allegations, a decision that ousted him from the premiership for the third time.
The ruling saw political uncertainty take hold in Pakistan once again, with Cabinet dissolved and the country left without a sitting prime minister.
As the verdict was announced in Islamabad, hundreds of opposition supporters in the capital and in northwestern Peshawar rushed into the street handing out sweets, beating drums, and chanting “Go Nawaz Go” in celebration.
But in Lahore, capital of Sharif’s power base of Punjab province, sporadic protests broke out, with his supporters burning tires, blocking streets and chanting “We don’t accept this decision.”
General elections are scheduled for next year, but Sharif now falls short of becoming the first premier to complete a full five-year term.
The allegations against the prime minister spiraled from the Panama Papers leak last year, which sparked a media frenzy over the lavish lifestyles and luxury London property portfolio of the Sharif dynasty.
Those claims prompted an investigation which said there was a “significant disparity” between the family’s income and lifestyle, and unearthed fresh claims over Sharif’s links to companies based in the United Arab Emirates.
The court cited the UAE allegations in its ruling Friday, declaring they indicated Sharif was “not honest” as it brought his tenure to an unceremonious end.
“He is disqualified as a member of the parliament so he has ceased to be holding the office of Prime Minister,” Justice Ejaz Afzal Khan told the packed courtroom in Islamabad.
Sharif’s ruling PML-N party confirmed he had stepped down with “serious reservations,” a move which automatically dissolves Cabinet.
The PML-N currently has no clear successor in place. Party leaders, including Sharif, were pictured meeting in Islamabad after the verdict Friday, though no result was announced.
The Supreme Court called on President Mamnoon Hussain, who swears in the prime minister, to take the “necessary steps under the Constitution to ensure the continuation of the democratic system.”
“I want to tell the nation that it is a huge victory of yours,” cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan, who spearheaded the push against Sharif along with his Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf party, told reporters at his home outside Islamabad Friday.
“I am seeing the destination of a new Pakistan in front of me,” he said, announcing a rally to be held on Sunday.

Denial
Karachi-based political commentator Farooq Moin said the judgment was “historic.”
“The situation is quite fluid and it is difficult to say at the moment whether there will be snap elections or an interim government will be formed,” he told AFP, though he added chances were “bright” that Sharif’s PML-N would form a new government.
The Sharifs and their allies have consistently and noisily rejected the graft claims against them.
“Not a single penny of corruption has been proved in this decision against Nawaz Sharif and the people of Pakistan also know it,” information minister Maryam Aurangzeb told reporters after the decision.
“Inshallah (God willing) Nawaz Sharif will also be elected again for a fourth time,” Aurangzeb added. She was echoed by other defiant PML-N leaders.
The court has asked the national anti-corruption bureau to launch a further probe into Sharif and his children, which could see criminal charges brought against them.
The controversy erupted last year with the publication of 11.5 million secret documents from Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca documenting the offshore dealings of many of the world’s rich and powerful.
Three of Sharif’s four children — including his daughter Maryam Nawaz, his presumptive political heir — were implicated in the papers.
The case examined the legitimacy of funds used by the Sharif family to purchase several high-end London properties via offshore companies.
In April the Supreme Court declared there was “insufficient evidence” to oust Sharif in a written ruling which opened with a quote from ‘The Godfather’, and ordered a judicial body to carry out further investigation.
The team of civilian and military investigators released their findings earlier this month, sparking an uproar.
Attention focused on the investigation’s conclusion that documents regarding Sharif’s daughter and the London properties were “falsified” — dated 2006, but typed in Microsoft’s Calibri font, which was not released for commercial use until 2007.
But it was the investigation’s revelation of Sharif’s previously undisclosed links to companies in the UAE that spurred Friday’s court ruling.
Sharif has been ousted by corruption allegations once before, when he was sacked by the country’s then-president during his first term in 1993. He was removed from office in his second term by a military coup in 1999.
His removal comes as the civilian government appears to have reached an uneasy detente with the military, which has ruled Pakistan for half of its existence.


Britain pledges $227 million annual civilian and food aid to Afghanistan

Updated 43 min 52 sec ago

Britain pledges $227 million annual civilian and food aid to Afghanistan

  • Afghanistan is at risk of receiving between 15 percent and 20 percent less funding than it received at the previous donor conference four years ago

GENEVA: Britain said it will pledge $227 million in annual civilian and food aid for Afghanistan at a conference on Tuesday in Geneva where officials from about 70 countries and humanitarian organizations will pledge billions of dollars for the war-torn nation.
Dependent on foreign aid, Afghanistan is at risk of receiving between 15 percent and 20 percent less funding than it received at the previous donor conference four years ago, diplomats say, as governments are under intense pressure to make savings as they ramp up spending to help their own economies recover from impact of the coronavirus pandemic.
Withholding funds at this point, diplomats say, could at least provide foreign governments with some leverage to inject a greater sense of urgency into peace talks between the Afghan government and Taliban representatives that began in Qatar in September.
Britain, a country with a long and difficult history of involvement in Afghanistan, is the country’s third largest bilateral donor, and the amount being pledged in Geneva will be slightly higher than it pledged at the last donor conference in Brussels four years ago.
The statement issued by the UK Mission to the United Nations and World Trade Organization in Geneva said $207 million would be pledged to support peace and stability in Afghanistan and “improve access to education and vital infrastructure.”
Britain would “also announce an extra $20 million to the United Nations’ World Food Programme” for Afghanistan.
The latest monetary commitment is separate from the $93.32 million security pledge for Afghan forces for 2021, which Britain announced last month.
In Brussels in 2016, Britain had pledged a total of $1 billion for four years, which translated into 187.5 million pounds annually.
At the Brussels conference, Afghanistan obtained total pledges of $15.2 billion for 2017 to 2020, equivalent to $3.8 billion a year.