US spaceship lying sideways after dramatic Moon touchdown

This image courtesy of Intuitive Machines, shows Intuitive Machines' Odysseus lunar lander wide field of view image of Schomberger crater on the Moon approximately 125 miles (200 km) uprange from the intended landing site, at approximately about 6 miles (10 km) altitude during the IM-1 mission on February 22, 2024. (AFP)
Short Url
Updated 24 February 2024
Follow

US spaceship lying sideways after dramatic Moon touchdown

  • The Odysseus spacecraft landed near the lunar south pole Thursday at 6:23 p.m. Eastern Time
  • The firm behind landing initially posted on social media that its hexagonal spaceship was upright

WASHINGTON: The first American spaceship to the Moon since the Apollo era is probably lying sideways following its dramatic landing, the company that built it said Friday, even as ground controllers work to download data and surface photos from the uncrewed robot.

The Odysseus spacecraft landed near the lunar south pole Thursday at 6:23 p.m. Eastern Time (2323 GMT), after a nail-biting final descent when ground teams had to switch to a backup guidance system and took several minutes to establish radio contact after the lander came to rest.

Intuitive Machines, the company behind this first-ever lunar landing by a private company, initially posted on social media that its hexagonal spaceship was upright, but CEO Steve Altemus told reporters on Friday that statement was based on misinterpreted data.

Instead, it appears that it caught a foot on the surface and tipped over, coming to rest horizontally with its top perched on a small rock — taking some shine off an accomplishment widely hailed as a historic achievement.

A NASA probe called the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter should be able to photograph Odysseus over the weekend, helping pinpoint its exact location.

Altemus said that while solar arrays were on the top-facing side, the team’s ability to download data from the science experiments on board was being hampered because of antennas facing downward that “are unusable for transmission back to Earth — and so that really is a limiter in our ability to communicate and get the right data down so we get everything we need for the mission.”

Because of complications associated with the landing, a decision was taken not to shoot out an external camera to capture the descent as it happened, according to Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, which built the “EagleCam” device.

But the team will still attempt to deploy it from the ground to try to obtain an outside image of Odysseus.

Odysseus is still considered the first success for a new fleet of NASA-funded lunar landers designed to carry out science experiments that will pave the way for the return of American astronauts to the Moon later this decade, under the Artemis program.

A moonshot by another American company last month ended in failure, raising the stakes to demonstrate that private industry has what it takes to repeat a feat last achieved by US space agency NASA during its manned Apollo 17 mission in 1972.

Underlining the technical challenges, Intuitive Machines’ own navigation technology failed and ground engineers were forced to jury-rig a solution, hastily writing a software patch to switch to an experimental NASA laser guidance system that was intended to run only as a technology demonstration.

Altemus later revealed Odysseus’ own laser system failed to turn on because someone had forgotten to flip a safety switch before takeoff, which he described as “an oversight on our part.”

Confirmation of landing was supposed to come seconds after the milestone, but instead around 15 minutes passed before a faint signal was detected, enough to declare the spaceship was in one piece and had met its goal.

NASA paid Intuitive Machines $118 million to ship six experiments under an initiative which delegates cargo services to the private sector in a bid to achieve savings and stimulate a wider lunar economy.

Odysseus also carries cargo for private customers, including a reflective heat wrapping developed by Columbia Sportswear and used to protect the spaceship’s cryogenic propulsion tank.

The United States, along with international partners, want to develop long-term habitats on the south pole, harvesting ice there for drinking water — and for rocket fuel for eventual onward voyages to Mars.

The first crewed landing under NASA’s Artemis program is set to take place no sooner than 2026. China meanwhile plans to put its first crew on the Moon in 2030, opening a new era of space competition.

The mission was the fourth attempt at soft lunar touchdown by the private sector. Intuitive Machines joins the national space agencies of the Soviet Union, United States, China, India and Japan in an exclusive club of landing on the Moon.


After ICUBE-Q, Pakistan to launch modern communication satellite into space on May 30

Updated 9 sec ago
Follow

After ICUBE-Q, Pakistan to launch modern communication satellite into space on May 30

  • The satellite will help usher in digital era in Pakistan by providing Internet to country’s remote areas, the national space agency says
  • The satellite launch from Xichang Satellite Launch Center (XSLC) will be broadcast live from agency centers in Islamabad, Karachi

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan will be launching its latest modern communication satellite, PAKSAT MM1, into the space on May 30, Pakistani state media reported on Tuesday, weeks after it launched ICUBE-Qamar (ICUBE-Q) into the lunar orbit.

Pakistani satellite ICUBE-Q was launched on May 3 aboard China’s Chang’e-6 lunar mission from Hainan, China. A major milestone in Pakistan’s space exploration efforts, the satellite successfully entered the moon’s orbit on May 8, and shortly after began transmitting the first images from lunar orbit.

The Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (Suparco), Pakistan’s national space agency, now plans to launch the communication satellite with Chinese assistance on May 30.

“The satellite PAKSAT MM1 would be launched from Xichang Satellite Launch Center (XSLC), China,” the Radio Pakistan broadcaster reported.

“The SUPARCO MM1 Satellite is a result of the tireless efforts of Pakistani scientists and engineers and it is conceived keeping in sight the growing needs of the country in the broad spectrum of communication and connectivity.’

The satellite would help usher in a digital era in Pakistan by helping provide Internet to remote areas, the report read, citing Suparco officials.

The launch ceremony would be broadcast live from Suparco’s offices in Islamabad and Karachi.

Established in 1961, Suparco manages Pakistan’s space program, enhancing the nation’s capabilities in satellite communications, remote sensing and meteorological science.


Pakistan confers civilian award on Islamic Development Bank chief for his eminent services

Updated 33 min 13 sec ago
Follow

Pakistan confers civilian award on Islamic Development Bank chief for his eminent services

  • The IsDB is an international financial development institution that aims to foster socio-economic development in Muslim member countries
  • Pakistan is also among 56 members of the IsDB where the IsDB has invested in various projects and third largest beneficiary of its financing

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan’s Ambassador to Saudi Arabia Ahmad Farooq on Tuesday conferred the ‘Hilal-i-Quaid-i-Azam’ medal on Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) head Dr. Mohammed Sulaiman Al-Jasser in the Saudi city of Jeddah, the Pakistani consulate said. 

The Hilal-i-Quaid-i-Azam medal is one of Pakistan’s highest civil awards that is awarded to foreign nationals for their eminent services to Pakistan. 

The award ceremony was attended by representatives from Pakistan’s missions in the Kingdom and to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC).

“The President of Pakistan has conferred this medal on Dr. Al-Jasser for his instrumental role and for IsDB Group’s leadership in supporting Pakistan’s economic and development agenda and support at important world forums,” the Pakistani consulate in Jeddah said in a statement. 

The IsDB is a multilateral and international financial development institution that aims to foster socio-economic development in Muslim member countries. Pakistan is also among the 56 members of the IsDB where the IsDB has invested in various projects. 

In March, Pakistan and the IsDB signed a financing agreement worth $200 million for the Sindh Flood Emergency Housing Reconstruction Project. The project aims to construct 700,000 houses, benefiting an estimated 4.2 million people in rural areas of the southern province, and will support the creation of 75,000 water, sanitation, and hygiene facilities for over 1.3 million individuals.

The Bank announced a $100 million loan to support Pakistan’s polio eradication efforts in December 2023, on the sidelines of the COP28 United Nations climate summit in Dubai. 

After the devastating floods of 2022 killed 1,700 people and inflicted losses worth $30 billion on Pakistan, the IsDB pledged $4.2 billion for the South Asian country over the next three years.


Pakistani, Saudi investors to set up $5 million edible oil refinery in Kingdom — Pakistan trade official

Updated 28 May 2024
Follow

Pakistani, Saudi investors to set up $5 million edible oil refinery in Kingdom — Pakistan trade official

  • Official says the joint venture is expected to be signed in next six months and it will allow export of 50 percent edible oil
  • Saudi authorities are offering land and other facilities to investors to encourage investment in the Kingdom, he adds

KARACHI: Pakistani and Saudi investors are establishing a $5 million edible oil refinery in Saudi Arabia through a joint venture (JV), a senior Pakistani trade official said on Tuesday, following recent business-to-business interactions between the two countries.

The development comes weeks after a 50-member, high-level delegation, led by the Kingdom’s Assistant Minister of Investment Ibrahim Al-Mubarak, arrived in Pakistan to explore investment opportunities in the South Asian country.

Pakistan and Saudi Arabia have been working closely in recent weeks to increase bilateral trade and investment deals, with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman last month reaffirming the Kingdom’s commitment to expedite an investment package of $5 billion.

“We are putting up an edible oil refinery in Saudi Arabia with the local partners. We have shared the feasibility with each other, and we will sign [an agreement] very soon,” Atif Ikram Sheikh, president of the Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FPCCI), told Arab News on Tuesday. “There will be a joint venture.”

Ikram, who runs edible oil refineries and other businesses in Pakistan, informed that the project cost would be equally shared by investment partners, including himself.

“The project cost will be $5 million and we will share the cost together and this would be materialized within six months,” he said, adding the Saudi authorities were offering land and other facilities for the refinery. 

Saudi Arabia is currently consolidating its economy on modern lines under Vision 2030, a strategic development framework intended to cut the Kingdom’s reliance on oil. Under the framework, the Kingdom is also encouraging investment in diversified sectors to increase its export base.

“Their [Saudi authorities] condition is to maximize oil export up to 50 percent, while the rest you can sell in the local market,” Sheikh said.

The FPCCI chief said Saudi Arabia’s interest in Pakistan’s diversified sectors was “constantly increasing” and both sides had made tangible progress, including Saudi investment inflows in oil, agriculture and other sectors. 

In December last year, Aramco, one of the world’s leading integrated energy and chemicals companies, signed an agreement to acquire a 40 percent equity stake in Gas & Oil Pakistan that followed the signing of an agreement in November 2023 by Shell Pakistan (SPL) with Saudi Arabia’s Wafi Energy to sell its domestic operations after Shell Petroleum Company announced its exit from Pakistan with the sale of 77 percent shareholding in the local business.

Pakistani traders also expect further inflow of investment from the Gulf countries.

The FPCCI president said Pakistan’s Special Investment Facilitation Council (SIFC), a body consisting of Pakistani civilian and military leaders and specially tasked to promote foreign investment in Pakistan, is playing a crucial role in boosting investment in the South Asian country. 

The council, established in June last year, is focusing on investments in energy, agriculture, mining, information technology and aviation sectors, specifically targeting the Gulf nations.


Pakistan PM says ‘deeply concerned’ about Israeli strikes on Rafah, deplores violation of international law

Updated 28 May 2024
Follow

Pakistan PM says ‘deeply concerned’ about Israeli strikes on Rafah, deplores violation of international law

  • Israeli tanks reached the center of Rafah for the first time on Tuesday, three weeks into an operation that has sparked global condemnation
  • Shehbaz Sharif says Pakistan strongly condemns Israel’s bombardment of Rafah, urges international community, particularly UN, to play role

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif said on Tuesday he was “deeply concerned” about Israeli strikes on the southern Gaza city of Rafah, deploring repeated violations of the international law by the Jewish state.

Israeli tanks reached the center of Rafah for the first time on Tuesday, witnesses said, three weeks into a ground operation in the southern Gaza city that has sparked global condemnation.

Overnight, Israeli forces pounded the city with airstrikes and tank fire, pressing their offensive despite an international outcry over an attack on Sunday that sparked a blaze in a tent camp, killing at least 45 Palestinians.

Sunday’s attack on the Rafah refugee camp came two days after the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ordered Israel to end its military offensive in Rafah, where more than half of Gaza’s population had sought shelter before Israel’s incursion earlier this month.

“Deeply concerned by the disturbing developments in Rafah. Pakistan strongly condemns Israel’s indiscriminate bombardment that has led to heavy casualties,” PM Sharif said on X.

“It is deplorable that international law is being repeatedly violated, despite ICJ’s recent clear verdict against Israel.”

The case against Israel was initiated by South Africa in December 2023, where it labeled Israel’s actions in the Gaza Strip as “genocidal,” asserting that they intended to destroy the Palestinian people in ways specified under the 1948 Genocide Convention.

Pakistan does not recognize the state of Israel and calls for an independent Palestinian state based on “internationally agreed parameters” and the pre-1967 borders with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital.

In recent months, the South Asian country has repeatedly raised the issue of Israel’s war on Gaza, launched last October, at the United Nations through its permanent representative, Ambassador Munir Akram.

“The international community, particularly the UN, must play its part in protecting civilians from such brutal aggression,” PM Sharif said in his statement on X.

The war on Gaza broke out after Hamas attacks on Israel on October 7, which killed more than 1,100 people, in response to the deteriorating condition of Palestinian people living under Israeli occupation.

Israel launched a retaliatory offensive, widely viewed as disproportionate, in which more than 35,000 Palestinians, mostly women and children, have lost their lives, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry.


Pakistan PM calls for minimizing load shedding amid heatwave, urges steps against power theft

Updated 32 min 17 sec ago
Follow

Pakistan PM calls for minimizing load shedding amid heatwave, urges steps against power theft

  • Power outages are not uncommon in Pakistan during the summer months when the demand on the national grid spikes sharply
  • Pakistan’s power sector has also been plagued by high rates of power theft and distribution losses, leading to huge debts

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif on Tuesday urged authorities to minimize load shedding in Pakistan amid an ongoing heatwave and to take steps against power theft in the country, his office said.

The directives were issued during a meeting Sharif presided over in Islamabad to review the supply of electricity, load management and measures against power theft in parts of the country.

Power outages are not uncommon in Pakistan during the summer months when the demand on the national grid spikes sharply due to the widespread use of air conditioners and desert coolers.

These seasonal surges often lead to prolonged power outages, which fuel public discontent, particularly during the intense heatwaves that have swept across Pakistan in recent years.

“The situation of [power] load management in extreme heat should be improved, keeping the convenience of the public in view,” Sharif was quoted as saying by his office.

“Provincial governments and law enforcement agencies should fully support the anti-electricity theft campaign.”

The South Asian nation’s power sector has been plagued by high rates of power theft and distribution losses, resulting in accumulating debts across the production chain — a concern also raised by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) during recent bailout talks.

The government of PM Sharif has recently launched a campaign to curb power theft in the country to avoid huge financial losses.

The prime minister said he would personally review progress on the drive against power theft, urging authorities to ensure that consumers were not charged excessive bills.

“The national interest and the development and prosperity of the country require that all the government institutions perform their responsibilities effectively against electricity theft,” he added.