Pakistan’s borders secure, military prepared for ‘any situation,’ army chief tells lawmakers 

Pakistani troops patrol along Pakistan-Afghanistan border fence at Big Ben post in the Khyber district of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province on August 3, 2021. (AFP)
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Updated 31 August 2021

Pakistan’s borders secure, military prepared for ‘any situation,’ army chief tells lawmakers 

  • Bajwa briefs members of Parliamentary Committee on Kashmir, Defense Committees of Senate and National Assembly
  • This was the army’s first briefing to Pakistani legislators since the Taliban took over power in Kabul on August 15

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan’s Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Qamar Javed Bajwa said on Monday the country’s western border was secure because of “timely measures” taken before the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan earlier this month.
Pakistan started fencing its 2,611-kilometer-long border with Afghanistan in 2017 when militants launched several attacks on its country’s military posts. The fencing project is nearly complete, the military has said.
“COAS said that due to our timely steps for western zone border management, Alhamdolillah today despite challenges Pakistan’s borders are secure and we are prepared to meet any situation,” the military’s media wing said in a statement, quoting the army chief.




Pakistan's Army Chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa meets group of lawmakers at the army’s General Headquarters in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, on August 30, 2021.  (Picture courtesy: ISPR)

The army chief was briefing a group of lawmakers, comprising members of the Parliamentary Committee on Kashmir, and the Defense Committees of the Senate and National Assembly, at the army’s General Headquarters in Rawalpindi.
This was the army’s first briefing to Pakistani legislators since the Taliban took over power on August 15. Pakistan’s civilian government has also arranged backdoor briefings for journalists on the regional security situation after the fall of Kabul. 
Monday’s briefing came in response to requests by two major opposition parties — the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) – that the government brief legislators and develop a national consensus on Afghanistan. 
“The delegation was given a detailed briefing on the security environment, including situation on the borders and Pakistan Army’s efforts for peace and stability,” the army said, adding that lawmakers had an exhaustive and interactive session with the army chief. 
In July, the Pakistani military’s top brass, including General Bajwa and Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) Director-General Lt. General Faiz Hameed, briefed the Parliamentary National Security Committee on Afghanistan as US-led foreign troops withdrew from the neighboring country after 20 years, putting an end to Washington’s longest overseas war. 
Since returning to power, the Taliban have said they want to maintain “good relations” with the international community, form “an all-inclusive” future government, and will not allow Afghan territory to be used in attacks against any other country. 
In the past two weeks, Islamabad has also pushed that the international community stay engaged in Afghanistan to help achieve a durable peace, security and development in Afghanistan. 
Thousands of Afghans have been camped outside the Kabul airport since the Taliban took over the country, hoping to flee. There are reports of hundreds more trying to exit the war-torn country through its borders. 
Pakistan has been leading efforts to evacuate people from Afghanistan and has airlifted hundreds of foreign diplomats, journalists and aid workers, though it has said it will not take any refugees. There are currently 1.4 registered Afghan refugees in Pakistan, according to UN figures. 


Pakistan condemns life imprisonment sentence for top Kashmiri leader Yasin Malik

Updated 11 sec ago

Pakistan condemns life imprisonment sentence for top Kashmiri leader Yasin Malik

  • Malik arrested by India’s anti-terror agency in 2019 which demanded death penalty for him
  • Agency has accused Malik of receiving funds from Pakistan to “carry out terrorist activities“

ISLAMABAD/NEW DELHI: Pakistan condemned on Wednesday a verdict by an Indian court sentencing top Kashmiri leader Yasin Malik to life imprisonment in a ‘terror’ funding case. 

Malik, 56, is the head of the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), one of the first armed separatist groups in the Indian-controlled region that supported an independent and united Kashmir. The group gave up armed rebellion in 1994.

Malik was arrested by the National Investigation Agency in April 2019. The agency demanded the death penalty for him on charges of receiving funds from Pakistan to “carry out terrorist activities and stone-pelting during the Kashmir unrest.”

Pakistani Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif said Wednesday was “a black day for Indian democracy & its justice system.”

“India can imprison Yasin Malik physically but it can never imprison idea of freedom he symbolizes,” he tweeted.

The Pakistani military said it condemned the sentence awarded to Malik on “fabricated charges.”

“Such oppressive tactics cannot dampen the spirit of people of Kashmir in their just struggle against illegal Indian occupation,” it said.

Kashmir has been divided between India and Pakistan since their independence from British colonial rule in 1947. Both claim the region in its entirety and have fought two of their three wars over control of Kashmir. India has been accusing Pakistan of arming and training rebel groups to fight Indian forces — Pakistan denies it.

Pakistan’s foreign office on Wednesday summoned the Indian charge d’affaires in Islamabad over the court ruling against Malik and said in a statement it had “conveyed Pakistan’s strongest condemnation and rejection of the malafide conviction and sentencing of Hurriyat leader Mr. Yasin Malik in a grossly suspicious and contrived case.”

Malik himself rejected the charges when the court in New Delhi asked him to speak before it pronounced the sentence. 

“If I was a terrorist, then why had seven Prime Ministers of India come to meet me in the past?” he said. “If I was a terrorist, why was I given the opportunity to give lectures in different institutions all over the world including India?”

Pro-independence Kashmiri grouping All Parties Hurriyat Conference said Malik had since 1994 “pursued peaceful and democratic means of conflict resolution.”

“Yasin Malik actively participated in all negotiations held on Kashmir after 2000 under various regimes in New Delhi and Islamabad. Yet he was arrested, shifted to Tihar (prison) and has now been convicted in invented cases under draconian laws,” it said in a statement. 

Mehbooba Mufti, who served as the chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir before New Delhi amended the constitution and scrapped the former state’s autonomy in August 2019, said in reference to Yasin’s conviction that India’s “muscular policy” in Kashmir would “bear adverse results.” 

“Jammu and Kashmir is a political problem. A lot of people have been hanged here or given life imprisonment but it did not solve the Kashmir problem, it complicated the matter more,” she told reporters. “I think the muscular policy will have dire consequences, they will not solve the problems but create more.”


Pakistan reports fourth poliovirus case this year

Updated 52 min 14 sec ago

Pakistan reports fourth poliovirus case this year

  • All children infected by the crippling disease belong to Pakistan’s North Waziristan region
  • Health minister says parents must ensure their children are vaccinated against the disease

ISLAMABAD: Pakistani health authorities on Wednesday confirmed fourth poliovirus case in the ongoing year, saying the disease has now paralyzed a 13-month-old boy in North Waziristan.

Young children under the age of five are considered extremely vulnerable to polio, though parents can protect them against its lifelong impact by building their immunity through vaccination.

Polio has been eliminated from the rest of the world, though Pakistan and Afghanistan continue to struggle with it.

“Another child in North Waziristan has been paralyzed by wild poliovirus. This 13-month-old child will live with disabilities for the rest of his life because of a virus that is entirely preventable. This is a collective loss for Pakistan,” said federal health minister Abdul Qadir Patel said in a statement.

“Over 99 percent of the world is now polio-free,” he added. “Our children also deserve a life free from this incurable disease.”

All children who have been infected by wild poliovirus this year belong to North Waziristan, where more cases are expected due to high refusal rates and instances of finger-marking without vaccination during campaign.

The Pakistan Polio Program has conducted emergency campaigns in the area, while children are administered the vaccine at all entry and exit points from southern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the rest of the province and across the border to Afghanistan to control the spread of the virus.

“All parents must realize the risk that wild poliovirus continues to pose to children all over Pakistan. Please ensure that your children are vaccinated in the ongoing nationwide campaign being conducted in all 156 districts of the country,” Patel said.

Pakistan reported its first polio case this year on April 22, when a 15-month-old boy from the Mir Ali area of North Waziristan was found infected with the virus.

The case was reported after a gap of more than a year.

 


Pakistan’s top court instructs government to allow opposition rally near H-9 sector

Updated 25 May 2022

Pakistan’s top court instructs government to allow opposition rally near H-9 sector

  • The Supreme Court tells the government not to arrest Khan supporters in police raids
  • Government and Khan representatives have been instructed to hold consultations tonight

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan’s top court on Wednesday instructed the government to provide former prime minister Imran Khan’s political party a ground between Islamabad’s H-9 and G-9 sectors, reported the local media, to hold a protest demonstration while hearing a petition for the removal of road blocks in the federal capital.

The petition was filed by the Islamabad High Court Bar Association after the government blocked several roads in and around the capital to prevent the anti-government march initiated by Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party which has been seeking dissolution of assemblies along with a date for fresh elections in the country.

The government also detained several PTI leaders and supporters in different Pakistani cities ahead of their scheduled march to Islamabad, making the court prevent the relevant authorities from making excessive use of force.

“The Supreme Court on Wednesday allowed the PTI to hold its Azadi March protest in the H-9 area of Islamabad and restrained the government from arresting party chairman Imran Khan,” reported Dawn newspaper.

It quoted the court as saying that it was “playing the role of the arbitrator,” adding the judges said no raids should be conducted on the homes of PTI workers.”

Pakistan’s Geo news channel said the three-member bench headed by Justice Ijazul Ahsan demanded a plan that would allow PTI workers and followers to peacefully converge in the capital to register their protest before returning home.

The bench said it did not want the protesters to shut down places like Faizabad and the Motorway like in the past.

The court also instructed the government and PTI representatives to hold a meeting at the chief commissioner’s office tonight to work out the modalities of the protest demonstrations.


In dig at Imran Khan, PM says protest demonstrations cannot ‘fix’ national economy

Updated 25 May 2022

In dig at Imran Khan, PM says protest demonstrations cannot ‘fix’ national economy

  • PM criticizes the last government for leaving a ‘sinking economy’
  • Sharif says Khan sit-in delayed Chinese President Xi’s visit in 2014

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif on Wednesday criticized ex-premier Imran Khan and his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party for launching an anti-government campaign at a time of economic uncertainty, saying the financial challenges of the country could not be addressed through protest demonstrations.

Addressing a group of Chinese nationals working on a hydropower project on the Jhelum River, the prime minister, who was sworn in last month after Khan was ousted in a parliamentary vote of no-confidence, said the last administration had handed over a “sinking economy” to his government after three and a half years in power.

He said his team was working day and night to deal with Pakistan’s economic challenges, including rising inflationary pressure.

“Now that we are trying to fix things, what kind of message are they giving [to the world] with such protests,” he asked, referring to Khan’s anti-government long march to the federal capital. “Can you improve the economy through sit-ins?”

The prime minister recalled that Chinese President Xi Jinping’s scheduled visit to Pakistan in September 2014 had to be postponed due to a similar demonstration by Khan’s PTI party in Islamabad.

“We beseeched [the PTI leadership] to call off their sit-in for three days to ensure the completion of President Xi’s visit,” he continued, “but Imran Khan remained obdurate, and the planned trip was delayed.”

Sharif said it was important to learn from past mistakes and give up a political attitude detrimental to Pakistan’s interests.
Khan has held several public rallies in recent weeks to call for fresh elections.

On Sunday he asked party supporters to join him in Islamabad on Wednesday for a sit-in to mount pressure on the government to announce a date for new elections.

The government has said Khan is trying to “sabotage” the economy by making it difficult for it to


‘Recipe for disaster’: Experts say political turmoil jolting economy as dollar hits historic low

Updated 25 May 2022

‘Recipe for disaster’: Experts say political turmoil jolting economy as dollar hits historic low

  • Pakistan’s economic woes compounded by anti-government march to capital by ex-PM Imran Khan
  • Rupee closes at Rs201.92 against US dollar, stock market traded 300 points below previous closing

KARACHI: Political turmoil in Pakistan over an opposition long march and uncertainty about the revival of a $6 billion International Monetary Fund (IMF) program are continuing to jolt the country’s local currency, as the rupee hit another historic low against the United States dollar on Wednesday, closing at Rs201.92.

Pakistan’s economic woes have been compounded by an anti-government march to the capital announced by former prime minister Imran Khan. Clashes between Khan’s supporters and law enforcers on Wednesday have dampened investor confidence, economists and experts said.

On Wednesday, the country’s stock market also traded 300 points below the previous closing.

“The political noise and delay in the IMF [deal] has been affecting investor confidence. This is why the stock market and rupee are falling. Clarity on both will help restore confidence,” Muhammad Sohail, CEO of the brokerage company Topline Securities, told Arab News. 

The rupee was expected to show some recovery after the Saudi minister of finance said on Tuesday the kingdom was finalizing extending a $3 billion deposit to Pakistan. 

“The market was expected to depict some positive sentiments [after Saudi announcement] but the current political situation overshadowed it,” Samiullah Tariq, director of research at the Pakistan Kuwait Investment Company, said.

Pakistani economists and financial experts said the current political turmoil in the country was wreaking havoc on an already fragile economy. 

“The mayhem created by the call for the long march, coupled with [the government’s] unwise and violent means to stop PTI supporters, are going to completely wreck the already rustic and dysfunctional economic ship of Pakistan,” Dr. Ikram ul Haq, a Lahore-based financial expert, told Arab News. 

“With foreign reserves left for less than two months and the rupee plunging to the lowest in history by crossing the psychological barrier of 200, the call for the long march and the way it is being handled, is going to provide a sure recipe for disaster,” he added. 

Economic experts also say a nearly $1.5 billion fuel and electricity subsidy announced by the last government of Khan was proving to be an “economic land mine” for the current administration.

“The current economic crisis, whether it relates to the delay in the IMF program and fiscal stress, is to a large extent created by the outgoing government which laid economic land mines in the form of petroleum subsidies,” Dr. Sajid Amin, Deputy Executive Director of the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), told Arab News.

“The current economic problems and political uncertainty have been inherited by the incumbent government but its indecisiveness has further compounded the situation,” he added. 

Pakistan is currently negotiating with the IMF to secure around $3 billion needed to stabilize its economy, marred by an ongoing political crisis, rising trade and fiscal deficit, and depleting foreign-exchange reserves, which at $10.2 billion, are not enough to cover even two months of imports. 

“The outgoing government, sensing that it was about to go, had announced the relief package to push the incoming government in troubling waters and [had also] frozen petroleum prices, which was not possible,” Amin said. “It has distorted the IMF program. Now the incumbent government is not removing the subsidies, fearing a political cost.”

Negotiations with the international money lender come at a time when Pakistan is battling the second-fastest inflation rate in Asia at 13.4 percent. To sail through the IMF deal, the country has to make the politically tough decision of raising fuel prices to ensure financial viability. 

“Already burdened with the unbearable fuel subsidy left by the PTI coalition government, those at the helm of affairs are making sure that the state loses its financial viability,” said Haq. 

Muzzamil Aslam, PTI’s spokesperson on finance, denied political rallies were destabilizing the economy. 

“It is the indecisiveness of the current government,” he said, “which is responsible for the economic turmoil.”