Pakistan to approve new textile policy to increase exports to $21 billion

A Pakistan textile labourer fixes broken threads at a power loom in Karachi, on January 25, 2019, the financial capital and the largest industrial city of Pakistan. (AFP)
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Updated 28 December 2020

Pakistan to approve new textile policy to increase exports to $21 billion

  • Economic Coordination Committee to finalize five-year policy this week with incentives worth over $5.6 billion
  • Textiles seeing “unprecedented” revival as international orders diverted to Pakistan after it lifted its comprehensive lockdown in May

KARACHI: Pakistan’s top economic decision-making body, the Economic Coordination Committee (ECC), is expected to approve a new five-year textile policy this week, with incentives worth more than Rs900 billion ($5.6 billion) for the industry and an aim to increase exports to $21 billion in five years, officials have said.
Textiles make up more than half of Pakistan’s exports, but have lost ground to South Asian neighbors in recent years, hurt by chronic energy shortages and underinvestment in machinery.
But this year, after Pakistan lifted its comprehensive coronavirus lockdown in May while other countries in the neighborhood kept their economies closed, international textile orders have been diverted to Pakistan, leading to a nine-year record in exports. The South Asian nation has now drafted a new policy to augment the gains, officials say.
“The textile policy has already been approved by the prime minister, which will be presented in the ECC next week,” Aliya Hamza Malik, parliamentary secretary for commerce, told Arab News. “After ECC approval, the policy would be a pubic document,” she added, saying the government of the ruling Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party had granted Rs900 billion ($5.6 billion) in incentives to the textile sector in the new policy, the country’s third.
The textile industry, which comprises 46 percent of the total manufacturing sector and provides employment to around 25 million Pakistanis, contributes 8.5 percent to the GDP, according to the Pakistan Board of Investment. It also contributes 60 percent to overall exports and is one of the major earners of foreign exchange for Pakistan.
Despite a global economic slowdown due to COVID-19, Pakistan’s textile sector reached $6 billion exports in the first five months of current fiscal year (July-November 2020), which is 62 percent of total exports (worth $9.7 billion) and almost 5 percent higher compared to the same period last year, official data shows.
“Incentives and export facilitations have played a big role in making Pakistan a competitive exporting country,” Malik said.
The new measures aim to increase textile exports from $12.86 billion to $21 billion in the next five years, with a major focus on value addition, a draft of the policy seen by Arab News said. The document said electricity would be provided to the industry at the rate of US cents 7.5/kWh, RLNG at $6.5/MMBtu and system gas at Rs 786/MMBtu under the new policy.
The last two textile policies, for 2009-14 and 2014-19, had aimed to up exports to $25 billion and $26 billion respectively but the targets were not achieved. The third policy was approved in March this year but still awaits official announcement. 
“Approval of the new policy will give clarity to entrepreneurs and the industry to attract further investment,” said Khurram Mukhtar, patron-in-chief of the Pakistan Textile Exporters Association (PTEA). “Pakistan needs minimum investment of $7 billion to enhance production capacity in the next 5 years and double our textile exports.”
He added: “Currently investment of more than Rs100 billion ($623 million) is in the pipeline in spinning, weaving, finishing, knitting and garments. Many companies are enhancing their capacities.”
Made in Pakistan textiles, woven and knitted apparel, socks and towels are currently being supplied to major brands around the world, including Puma , Nike, Ralph Lauren, Dorma, Warner Bros, Next, M&S , Bed Bath & Beyond, Macy’s, Zara , Mango, Levies and Hugo Boss.

Pakistan tells UN refugee agency it will continue Afghan aid

Updated 16 September 2021

Pakistan tells UN refugee agency it will continue Afghan aid

  • A senior minister says the government has sent trucks carrying food for Afghans to help prevent a humanitarian crisis in the neighboring state
  • Pakistan has already communicated to the world community it cannot host more refugees due to its financial constraints

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan’s interior minister has assured the UN refugee agency that his country will continue to provide humanitarian assistance to Afghan people.
Sheikh Rashid Ahmed told visiting UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi on Thursday that no new Afghan refugees had entered Pakistan since the Taliban took control in neighboring Afghanistan last month.
According to a government statement, Ahmed said Pakistan has sent trucks carrying food for the Afghan people to help try to avoid a humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan. It said Grandi thanked Pakistan for hosting 3 million Afghan refugees in recent decades.
Since the Taliban toppled Afghanistan’s US-backed government Aug. 15, Pakistan has urged the world community to speed up efforts to avoid a humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan.
Pakistan says it cannot host any more Afghan refugees for several reasons, including financial constraints.

Pakistan, Tajikistan will ‘do our best’ to ensure inclusive government in Afghanistan — PM Khan

Updated 16 September 2021

Pakistan, Tajikistan will ‘do our best’ to ensure inclusive government in Afghanistan — PM Khan

  • Khan says peace in Afghanistan “extremely important” for Pakistan-Tajikistan trade, Central Asia offers Pakistan $90 billion export market
  • PM addresses Pakistan-Tajikistan Business Forum ahead of Shanghai Cooperation Organization heads-of-state summit

ISLAMABAD: Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan said on Thursday he would work with the president of Tajikistan to ensure there was peace in Afghanistan and an inclusive government was formed in the war-torn country, adding that this was key to enhance trade between Pakistan and the Central Asian state.

World powers have told the Taliban the key to peace and development is an inclusive government acceptable to all people of Afghanistan, including women and minorities. But an all-male interim cabinet announced earlier this month saw key positions going to core, veteran players of the Taliban movement.

The Persian-speaking Tajiks of Afghanistan’s western and northern regions have long been opposed to the southern and eastern Pashtuns who make up the core of the Taliban. 

The Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan states in Central Asia share a border with landlocked Afghanistan.

“We just wish and pray that finally after 40 years of conflict there will be peace in Afghanistan,” Khan said while addressing the Pakistan-Tajikistan Business Forum in Dushanbe, where he arrived today, Thursday, to attend the 20th Shanghai Cooperation Organization Council of Heads of State (SCO-CHS) summit. 

“It’s extremely important for our [Pakistan-Tajikistan] trade for there to be peace there [in Afghanistan] so there’s better connectivity.”

He added: “I will be meeting your president. Your president and myself will be trying everything to make sure that there is peace, especially between the two major communities, Pashtuns and Tajiks. We will be doing our best that they get together and there is an inclusive government.” 

This is PM Khan’s first visit to Tajikistan where he met and interacted with members of the business communities of both Pakistan and Tajikistan. 

“I believe we have some 67 companies here from Pakistan today, in different fields of textiles, minerals, pharmaceuticals,” the PM said at the forum. 

He praised Tajikistan for being a “very resourceful country.”

“You have cheap, clean hydroelectricity and in Pakistan, unfortunately, we have very expensive electricity,” Khan lamented. 

“And so, we hope that CASA-1000 will be expedited so that we can also benefit from your clean and cheap energy,” the PM said, referring to a regional electricity generation project linking Central Asia and South Asia.

He said Pakistan, with its 220 million population, offered a “huge market” to Tajikistan and an opportunity to expand the existing “miniscule” trade volume of $80 million. 

“We hope and I invite you [Tajikistan’s business community], our business community will invite you, and I assure you that we will facilitate you in every way,” he said. “I can assure you that we will be giving you all the incentives, the government will do everything to make it easier for you to do business.”

After attending the business forum, Khan had a meeting and discussed Afghanistan and other bilateral and regional issues with President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev of Kazakhstan.

“The Prime Minister particularly emphasized the importance of connectivity and Pakistan’s pivotal position in providing the shortest access route to the sea,” a statement from the Pakistani foreign office said. “The Prime Minister also highlighted the significance of Trans-Afghan railway project connecting Termez-Mazar-e-Sharif-Kabul-Jalalabad-Peshawar.”

In June, PM Khan attended the Pakistan-Uzbekistan “Silk Route Reconnect” Business Forum and signed a significant transit agreement with Uzbekistan to allow Tashkent to utilize Pakistani seaports for much of its trade, bypassing Iran. 

Uzbekistan is a landlocked country that heavily relies on Iran’s Bandar Abbas port for international business and commerce. Islamabad wants to tap the unlocked states through its deep-sea Gwadar port in southwestern Balochistan to boost its geo-economic position in the region. 

Central Asia also offers Pakistan a $90 billion export market.

Khan also signed deals for the transportation of goods, cooperation between chambers of commerce of both countries, education, culture and tourism during the June trip.

The Pakistani foreign office said on Thursday the PM’s visit to Tajikistan this week was part of Pakistan’s deepened engagement with Central Asia and its focus on enhancing political ties, trade and investment, energy and connectivity, security and defense, and people-to-people contact. 

SCO, an eight-member permanent inter-governmental trans-regional organization, was established in Shanghai in June 2001. Pakistan became an SCO observer in 2005 and a full member in June 2017. Other members include Russia, China, India, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan. 

The organization has four observer states, Iran, Mongolia, Belarus and Afghanistan, and six dialogue partners, including Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal, Turkey and Sri Lanka.

Pakistani money management app aims to target Saudi Arabia, UAE to expand international footprint

Updated 16 September 2021

Pakistani money management app aims to target Saudi Arabia, UAE to expand international footprint

  • Hysab Kytab has established a network of over 15 banks and financial services providers in the Middle East and North Africa region
  • Pakistan has witnessed a massive surge of 53 percent in digital payments since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic, survey says

KARACHI: A Karachi-based company, which launched a personal finance management mobile app in 2019, has decided to penetrate Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, along with other markets in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, to expand its international footprint, said the company officials on Thursday.
Hysab Kytab is a fully customizable mobile app that offers a platform to manage the user’s financial activities and budgeting.
The app has over 640,000 users who have clocked in more than 12 million transactions.
About 78 percent of them are from Pakistan.
“For the current year, our first target is the MENA region for going global,” Muhammad Yasir Ilyas, global head of Hysab Kytab, told Arab News. “So far, we have developed a good network of 15-plus channel partners including banks in the region. We are also engaging with banks in Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Qatar, Nigeria and other African countries.”
Ilyas continued that his company was also talking to leading global banking solutions providers, such as Temenos and IBM, since it wanted to partner with them before spreading its tentacles in other markets.
“Our target is to make this Pakistani born product a global reality,” he said, adding that the app also provided research data on consumer spending behavior.
Digital financial solutions have been gaining traction in Pakistan -- traditionally a cash-based economy -- since the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic.
According to a survey conducted by Visa, the use of digital payments, including contactless cards and mobile wallets, increased by 53 percent since the beginning of the contagion.
“Pakistani consumers are increasingly stepping away from cash and putting their trust in digital payments in both in-store and online environments during the pandemic,” Visa said in a statement issued Wednesday.
The financial services company said consumer feedback reinforced the belief that there is no reversal of this trend, with 20 percent of people saying they were less likely to use cash on delivery and 35 percent mentioning the likelihood of using contactless payment methods in the future.
While e-commerce and contactless payments have increased in popularity, the trend of paying by cash on delivery has declined by 28 percent, according to the Visa survey.
Global trend also shows that 12 out 50 startups from Forbes Fintech 50 belong to the personal finance management category.
According to the magazine, together these 12 startups have secured a total funding of $3.6 billion.

Afghanistan’s Kam Air tells Pakistan aviation authority it wants to resume Islamabad flights

Updated 16 September 2021

Afghanistan’s Kam Air tells Pakistan aviation authority it wants to resume Islamabad flights

  • Afghanistan’s aviation ministry recently told Pakistan the new administration in Kabul wanted smooth flow of passengers between the two countries
  • Iran has already resumed its commercial flights to Kabul after briefly suspending them in the wake of the Taliban takeover last month

KARACHI: An Afghanistan-based private airline, which previously operated three weekly flights to Pakistan, has decided to resume its Islamabad operations, said a Pakistani aviation official on Thursday.
Kam Air’s decision comes just a few days after Afghanistan’s aviation ministry wrote a letter to the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority (PCAA), saying that the new administration in Kabul wanted to keep a smooth flow of passengers between the two countries.
It added that the two Afghan airlines — Ariana and Kam Air — wanted to commence their scheduled flights to Pakistan under their memoranda of understanding signed with the Pakistani authorities.
“Afghanistan’s Kam Air, which flew three times a week between Kabul and Islamabad, has told us it wants to resume its flights,” a PCAA spokesperson told Arab News.
“We had also received a similar request from Afghanistan’s national flag carrier, Ariana Afghan Airlines, before the Taliban takeover and will grant permission to its management once the PCAA requirements are fulfilled,” he continued.
The Afghan aviation ministry’s letter to Pakistan also maintained the Kabul airport was “damaged” by US forces before last month’s pullout, adding the facility had been made operational with the technical support of “our Qatari brothers.”
Kam Air did not respond to an email request for a comment regarding when it planned to resume its operations.
At present, the Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) is operating chartered flights between the capitals of the two countries and charging $1,300 per passenger.
The one-way fare, which is much higher than what the airlines previously charged, was confirmed by a PIA spokesperson.
PIA officials briefly suspended the special evacuation flights to Kabul on August 25 due to safety concerns since the airport’s technical crew had gone missing after the Taliban captured the Afghan capital on August 15.
The airport largely remained dysfunctional after the pullout of international forces. However, Qatar Airways was the first international airline to land in Kabul last week. This was followed by a PIA chartered flight carrying foreign journalists to Kabul on Monday.
Iran also resumed commercial flights to neighboring Afghanistan on Wednesday. The Iranian civil aviation agency had announced an interruption of flight operation to Afghanistan on August 16, only a day after the fall of Kabul, for security reasons.

UAE ambassador discusses bilateral ties with Pakistani minister for defence production

Updated 16 September 2021

UAE ambassador discusses bilateral ties with Pakistani minister for defence production

  • Pakistan and UAE have close fraternal relations and bilateral cooperation in a range of fields
  • On Wednesday, the two countries agreed to remain engaged on regional issues, including Afghanistan

ISLAMABAD: United Arab Emirates Ambassador to Pakistan Hamad Obaid Al-Zaabi met Pakistani Defence Production Minister Zubaida Jalal in Islamabad on Thursday, the UAE Embassy said. 

The two figures discussed bilateral fraternal relations between the two countries and ways to enhance them, the UAE Embassy said in a Twitter post. 

Pakistan and the UAE have close fraternal relations and bilateral cooperation in a range of fields. 



On Wednesday, the two countries agreed to remain engaged on regional issues, including Afghanistan, in a telephonic conversation between Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi and his Emirati counterpart Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al-Nahyan. 

Qureshi congratulated his counterpart on making “excellent arrangements for the [Dubai] Expo2020 and hoped that the mega event would be a resounding success,” the Pakistani foreign office said. 

The event is scheduled to kick off on October 1, with more than 1,200 Pakistani companies and individuals having confirmed their participation.