Researcher revives Egyptian villages and their foods

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Usama Ghazali, left, with his prized collection of handcrafts and antiquities.
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Updated 12 December 2019

Researcher revives Egyptian villages and their foods

  • Ghazali decided to collect signature dishes and drinks from each governorate through his many travels around Egypt

CAIRO: Usama Ghazali is a young environmental researcher who focuses on Red Sea nature reserves. He has a passion for Egyptian culture and heritage as well as handcrafts which are threatened by extinction. 

Ghazali decided to collect signature dishes and drinks from each governorate through his many travels around Egypt. He then shared a map marking over 100 assortments of foods from various locations in Egypt on his Facebook page.

Among the most prominent are madoos, mafroka and aseeda. His project brought certain dishes into the spotlight, as some were not known in the capital, Cairo, despite being staple foods in other parts of the country.

Ghazali travels monthly, each month checking out a new place in Egypt where he discovers more about the heritage of the area.

“There are various kinds of foods that are found in more than one place, but their names differ from one place to another,” Ghazali said. “Among them is al-mudaydah which is known to the people of Upper Egypt but is also present in Nuba under the name al-mudayd.”

Ghazali referred to his idea as an individual effort except for the details which requires the cooperation of research institutions on heritage for scientific documentation. 

He sees his work as significant in order to record and preserve Egyptian culture and as an invite to start a cultural awareness campaign where he is not the only one involved. Prior to this most recent work, Ghazali drew up a plan to advertise traditional handmade crafts.

“During the past months, I opened a temporary museum for folklore and craftsmanship,” he said.

The museum showcases works from Siwa, Sinai, Shalateen, Nubia, Upper Egypt, the countryside and oases. It is divided into four parts covering 250 meters. In its first part he shares the history of weaving and its evolvement in these areas. The second is dedicated to pottery, the third to copper art and the fourth to palm fronds. The museum features identification boards for each of the pieces shown to help walk the visitor through the history of these products and their usage in different parts of Egypt.

Ghazali also included 16 pieces of women’s wear that have resisted the wave of globalization and modernization which have hit Cairo. He labeled this part the “Map of Heritage Clothing in Egypt Still in Use.”

He included pieces which are only used in certain areas in Egypt and others which are only worn during special occasions.

Trump: Mideast peace plan likely rolled out in days

Updated 24 January 2020

Trump: Mideast peace plan likely rolled out in days

JERUSALEM: President Donald Trump said Thursday that he’ll likely release the long-awaited White House Mideast peace plan before his meeting early next week with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his main political rival Benny Gantz.
“It’s a great plan. It’s a plan that really would work,” Trump told reporters on Air Force One en route to a Republican Party meeting in Florida.
He said he was surprised that both Netanyahu and Gantz were willing to take a break from campaigning for the March 2 elections to join him Tuesday in Washington.
“They both would like to do the deal. They want to see peace,” Trump said. “Look, Israel wants peace, Palestinians want peace. They all want peace. Not everyone wants to say it.”
He said his administration has talked briefly to the Palestinians, who have rejected the administration’s peace plan before it even comes out.
“We’ve spoken to them briefly. But we will speak to them in a period of time,” Trump said. “And they have a lot of incentive to do it. I’m sure they maybe will react negatively at first, but it’s actually very positive to them.”
Vice President Mike Pence announced the invitation for Netanyahu and Gantz to visit during at a meeting with the prime minister in Jerusalem after addressing an international forum Thursday on the Holocaust. He said that at Netanyahu’s request, the invitation was also issued to Gantz, a former army chief.
The plan is expected to strongly favor Israel, and is unlikely to garner any international support if it is seen as undermining the prospect of a two-state solution.
“We have had no better friend than President Trump,” Netanyahu said. “With this invitation, I think that the president is seeking to give Israel the peace and security that it deserves.”
The Palestinians rejected Trump’s peace efforts after he recognized disputed Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and moved the US Embassy there in May 2018. The Palestinians want east Jerusalem, which Israel occupied in the 1967 war and annexed, to be their capital.
“If this deal is announced with these rejected formulas, the leadership will announce a series of measures in which we safeguard our legitimate rights, and we will demand Israel assume its full responsibilities as an occupying power,” said Nabil Abu Rdeneh, a spokesman for Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
He appeared to be referring to oft-repeated threats to dissolve the Palestinian Authority, which has limited autonomy in parts of the Israeli-occupied West Bank. That would force Israel to resume responsibility for providing basic services to millions of Palestinians.
“We warn Israel and the US administration from crossing the red lines,” Abu Rdeneh said.
Israel’s Channel 12 TV, citing Israeli officials, said the plan is expected to be extremely favorable toward Israel and offer it control over large parts of the occupied West Bank. The Palestinians seek the entire territory, which was also captured by Israel in 1967, as the heartland of a future independent state. Most of the international community supports the Palestinian position.
Netanyahu has said he plans to annex the Jordan Valley as well as Jewish settlements across the West Bank, which would all but extinguish any possibility of creating a viable Palestinian state.
Netanyahu has tried to make that the cornerstone of his campaign for reelection following unprecedented back-to-back elections last year that left him in a virtual tie with Gantz, with neither able to cobble together a ruling coalition.
The deadlock was deepened by Netanyahu’s indictment last year on serious charges of bribery, fraud and breach of trust stemming from three long-running corruption investigations. Netanyahu has asked Israel’s parliament to grant him immunity.
Next week’s meeting could produce an awkward scene. Gantz has made Netanyahu’s indictment the focus of his campaign to oust the prime minister. And his Blue and White party is leading an effort in parliament to block Netanyahu’s immunity request before the election. At the same time, they will be joined by an impeached president who is being tried in the Senate.
The US was believed to be holding back on releasing the peace plan until Israel had a permanent government. Those calculations may have changed as the deadlock in Israeli politics looks to be further prolonged.
Trump may also be looking for a boost from evangelical and pro-Israel supporters as the Senate weighs whether to remove him from office after he was impeached last month, and as he gears up for a reelection battle this year.
Pence was among dozens of world leaders in Jerusalem on Thursday for the World Holocaust Forum. Many of the participants, including Russian President Vladimir Putin and French President Emmanuel Macron, also paid visits to the Palestinians in the West Bank.
A Palestinian official said Abbas asked the visiting French and Russian presidents to support the Palestinian position when the plan is published.
“He asked them to refuse and act against any Israeli annexation of Palestinian lands,” said the official, speaking on condition of anonymity because he was discussing closed meetings.
While the plan is expected to be friendly to Israel, it could still face opposition from Netanyahu’s hard-line partners.
Defense Minister Naftali Bennett, leader of the ultranationalist Yamina party, called Trump a “true friend” of Israel and said the country likely stands before a “historic opportunity.” But he said his party would not allow the transfer of any land to Palestinian control or for a Palestinian state to be established.