Erdogan warns of new migrant wave in Europe

Erdogan has threatened to allow Syrian refugees to leave Turkey for Western countries. (File/AFP)
Updated 06 September 2019

Erdogan warns of new migrant wave in Europe

  • Turkey aims to resettle about 1 million out of the 3.65 million Syrian refugees in the safe zone
  • Turkey would create this safe zone even if there is no deal with the US until the end of September

ANKARA: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan warned on Thursday that gates for Syrian refugees to leave for Western countries would be unlocked if a safe zone in northeastern Syria is not implemented with international support.

He added that Turkey would create this safe zone even if there is no deal with the US until the end of September.

Ankara, which controls some parts in northern Syria, is planning to resettle about 1 million Syrian Arabs out of the 3.65 million refugees in the safe zone that is being planned with the US. Some 350,000 Syrians are reported to have already returned to the area.

“This either happens or otherwise we will be forced to open the gates. Either you will provide support, or excuse us, but we cannot be forced to handle the burden alone,” Erdogan said, adding that “Turkey can build towns there in lieu of the tent cities to provide them with humanitarian living conditions.”

According to Kenneth Roth, executive director of Human Rights Watch, no refugee policy should be based on claims about safe zone implementation.

“In opposition-held Idlib, 3 million civilians are at risk of indiscriminate Russian and Syrian bombardment, including the deliberate targeting of medical facilities. One thousand civilians have been killed in the past month,” Roth told Arab News,

He added that in government-controlled Syria, security forces continue to detain perceived opponents in Assad’s centers of torture and execution, where tens of thousands of people have disappeared.

Dr. Michael Tanchum, a senior associate fellow at the Austrian Institute for European and Security Studies, said: “President Erdogan is attempting to change the facts on the ground on both sides of the Turkey-Syria border. The mass deportation of refugees to northeastern Syria removes a flashpoint for the ruling AKP government when the Turkish economy continues to be weak and the people are feeling anxious and economically vulnerable.

“Turkey wishes to permanently change the demographic profile of northeastern Syria to preclude the possibility of a Kurdish-dominated autonomous region from emerging along Turkey’s southern border.”

On Aug. 7, Turkish and US military officials agreed to set up a safe zone and a peace corridor starting from the Euphrates to the Iraqi border. 

 


Iran cries victory after UN rejects US bid to extend arms embargo

Updated 15 August 2020

Iran cries victory after UN rejects US bid to extend arms embargo

  • Only two of the Council’s 15 members voted in favor of the US resolution seeking to extend the embargo
  • The result increases the likelihood that the US will try to unilaterally force a return of UN sanctions

TEHRAN: Iran on Saturday hailed a UN Security Council vote rejecting a US bid to extend an arms embargo on the Islamic republic, saying its foe has “never been so isolated.”
President Hassan Rouhani said the United States had failed to kill off what he called the “half alive” 2015 deal with major powers that gave Iran relief from sanctions in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program.
“The United States failed in this conspiracy with humiliation,” Rouhani told a televised news conference.
“In my opinion, this day will go down in the history of our Iran and in the history of fighting global arrogance.”
Only two of the Council’s 15 members voted in favor of the US resolution seeking to extend the embargo, highlighting the division between Washington and its European allies since President Donald Trump withdrew from the Iran nuclear accord in May 2018.
Washington’s European allies all abstained, and Iran mocked the Trump administration for only winning the support of one other country, the Dominican Republic.
“In the 75 years of United Nations history, America has never been so isolated,” said foreign ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi.
“Despite all the trips, pressure and the hawking, the United States could only mobilize a small country (to vote) with them,” he tweeted.
The result increases the likelihood that the US will try to unilaterally force a return of UN sanctions, which experts say threatens to plunge the Council into one of its worst-ever diplomatic crises.
“The Security Council’s failure to act decisively in defense of international peace and security is inexcusable,” said US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.
The embargo on conventional arms is due to expire on October 18 under the terms of a resolution that blessed the Iran nuclear deal, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
Since Trump pulled out of the JCPOA and slapped unilateral sanctions on Iran under a campaign of “maximum pressure,” Tehran has since taken small but escalating steps away from compliance with the nuclear accord as it presses for sanctions relief.
European allies of the United States — who, along with Russia and China, signed the deal with Iran — have voiced support for extending the 13-year-long conventional arms embargo, saying an expiry threatens stability in the Middle East.
However, their priority is to preserve the JCPOA.
The US text, seen by AFP, effectively called for an indefinite extension of the embargo on Iran, which diplomats said would threaten the nuclear agreement.
Iran says it has the right to self-defense and that a continuation of the ban would mean an end to the nuclear deal.
Pompeo announced that members had failed to back the proposal around 30 minutes before Indonesia, the current president of the Security Council, announced that the official results included two votes against and 11 abstentions.
Russia and China opposed the resolution.
“The result shows again that unilateralism enjoys no support, and bullying will fail,” China’s UN mission tweeted.
Ambassador Gunter Sautter of Germany, which abstained, said “more consultations are needed” to find a solution that is acceptable to all council members.
During a call between Trump and French President Emmanuel Macron, the leaders “discussed the urgent need for UN action to extend the arms embargo on Iran.”
Hours earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin called on China, France, Russia, Britain, the US, Germany and Iran to convene an emergency video summit to avoid an escalation of tensions in the Gulf.
Washington has threatened to try to force a return of UN sanctions if it is not extended by using a controversial technique called “snapback.”
Pompeo has offered the contested argument that the US remains a “participant” in the nuclear accord as it was listed in the 2015 resolution — and therefore can force a return to sanctions if it sees Iran as being in violation of its terms.
European allies have been skeptical on whether Washington can force sanctions and warn that the attempt may delegitimize the Security Council.
Nevertheless, the US is expected to deliver the snapback letter next week, AFP understands.
Analysts suspect that Washington purposefully put forward a hard-line draft that it knew Council members would not be able to accept.
“The fact is that everybody at the UN believes this (resolution) is just a prelude to a US effort to trigger snapback and sink the Iranian nuclear deal,” Richard Gowan, a UN expert at the International Crisis Group, told AFP.