Opposition demands PM Khan’s resignation after PTI administration loses parliamentary majority

Pakistan's opposition leaders Fazlur Rehman (R), Shahbaz Sharif (2R), and Bilawal Bhutto Zardari (4R) along with leader of MQM-P, Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui (3R) speak during a press conference in Islamabad on March 30, 2022. (AFP)
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Updated 30 March 2022

Opposition demands PM Khan’s resignation after PTI administration loses parliamentary majority

  • The opposition has gone beyond the magical number of 172 required to topple the government with MQM-P’s support
  • Political analysts say the prime minister should ‘gracefully resign’ from his position after losing his key coalition partner

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan’s leading opposition figures on Wednesday asked Prime Minister Imran Khan to resign from his position ahead of a no-trust vote in parliament, saying he had lost his majority after a key coalition partner abandoned the government.
The Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P) party formally announced to join the opposition before the no-confidence vote against the prime minister which is expected to take place on April 3.
The MQM-P has seven lawmakers in the national assembly that has pushed the opposition’s tally to 175, three votes more than the number required to topple Khan’s administration.
“The prime minister should set a new tradition by tendering his resignation after losing majority,” said Shehbaz Sharif, leader of the opposition in the national assembly, while addressing a joint news conference with other opposition leaders.
He maintained that “revenge was not in the [opposition’s] dictionary” while responding to a question about how the ministers and officials of the present administration would be treated after they were driven out their offices.
Earlier, two federal ministers belonging to MQM-P, Barrister Farogh Naseem and Syed Aminul Haq, resigned from their cabinet positions to join the opposition’s ranks.
“We are with you in this change and hope it will make a positive difference to the lives of people,” Dr. Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui, convener of the MQM-P, announced at the news conference.
The opposition had been struggling since March 8, when it submitted the no-confidence motion against the prime minister, to seek support of other lawmakers to reach the magical number of 172 to oust the government.
It also nominated Sharif for the coveted premiership slot after Khan’s exit.
Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) chairman Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari also demanded the prime minister’s resignation, saying Khan had lost the majority and confidence of the house.
“Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Khan has lost his majority,” he said. “Today, MQM Pakistan has joined the opposition ranks. Shehbaz Sharif has rightly given a challenge in the spirit of statesmanship to [PM Khan to] resign.”
Bhutto-Zardari added: “The prime minister does not have any option. Either he should resign or come to the parliamentary session tomorrow to settle this issue.”
He maintained the prime minister’s removal would help Pakistan resume its democratic journey again.
The PPP chairman also clarified his party’s working relationship with the MQM-P had nothing to do with the no-trust vote against the prime minister.
“Our conversations were underway from a long time,” he continued, adding: “We will have to work jointly for the prosperity of Karachi and Pakistan.”
Speaking on the occasion, Maulana Fazlur Rehman of the Jamiat-e-Ulama-e-Islam (JUI-F) rejected the prime minister’s claim that a foreign-funded conspiracy was behind the opposition’s efforts to topple the ruling administration.
“We want to become a nation,” he maintained. “Our aim is to achieve prosperity and stability in the country and we will work for it.”
The MQM-P signed two separate “charters of rights” with Bhutto-Zardari and Sharif in front of the media that included various demands, including the withdrawal of “false and fabricated” cases against them.
“We hope these agreements will stay and be implemented in letter and spirit,” Sharif said.
Political analysts said the prime minister should “show sportsman spirit” and resign from his position.
“The opposition has attained a majority in the national assembly without dissident lawmakers of the ruling party,” Zahid Hussain, a political analyst, told Arab News. “So, the prime minister should gracefully resign now.”


Pakistan's ousted prime minister announces campaign for media freedom from next week

Updated 14 August 2022

Pakistan's ousted prime minister announces campaign for media freedom from next week

  • Imran Khan says journalists disseminating his party narrative have been targeted by government
  • Khan maintains Pakistan will return to 'dark days of dictatorship' without freedom of expression

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan's former prime minister Imran Khan on Sunday announced to launch a public campaign for media freedom next week, saying the government was cracking down against journalists and media houses which were disseminating his party's narrative among people.
Khan was ousted from power in a no-confidence vote in April after losing his parliamentary majority. Since then, he has repeatedly said his administration was brought down by the United States in connivance with his political rivals since he was pursuing an independent foreign policy.
The allegation has been denied by Pakistani and American officials.
Senior members of Khan's Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party have also expressed concern more recently after a private television channel, ARY News, was reprimanded by the country's media regulator for broadcasting a segment with a PTI leader which was described as "seditious" by officials.
"I want to warn our nation of an unprecedented crackdown campaign by Imported [government] & State machinery against media houses & journalists who are carrying PTI & my narrative to the public," Khan said in a Twitter post.
"In my mass public campaign across [Pakistan] from next week, I will take up issue of media freedom & freedom of expression," he continued. "If we allow these terror tactics, designed simply to target PTI & myself, to succeed, then we will be returning to the dark days of dictatorship when there was no independent media & no room for freedom of expression."
Khan named several journalists, most of them viewed as pro-PTI, in his social media posts, saying they had to face threats, violent attacks and arrests due to their reporting and analyses.
He added real independence could not "be achieved without a free media & freedom of speech as guaranteed in our Constitution."

 

ARY News was taken off air in several cities of Pakistan last week after Khan's chief of staff, Dr. Shehbaz Gill, said military personnel should not follow the commands of their top officials if they were "against the sentiments of the masses."
The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) issued a show-cause notice to the channel, saying Gill's comments amounted to inciting mutiny within the army.
The channel's top management told Arab News on Friday its no-objection certificate had been revoked suddenly and unilaterally.
"What crime have we committed," its owner Salman Iqbal asked. "We are being punished for a statement by a politician which we have already disowned. But such stern action after a clarification shows that the government has made its mind to silence a critical voice."
The PTI chairman's Twitter posts also mentioned two ARY journalists who decided to leave the country after the Shahbaz Gill episode.
Khan's own administration was criticized for not upholding media freedom in the country since journalists critical of his government's policies were attacked or abducted on his watch.


One killed, 23 wounded in Karachi as people resort to aerial firing on Independence Day

Updated 14 August 2022

One killed, 23 wounded in Karachi as people resort to aerial firing on Independence Day

  • Celebratory gunfire is not uncommon in Pakistan where the practice has claimed lives on several occasions
  • Aerial firing is unlawful in the country, though it is not always possible to implement the rule across Pakistan

ISLAMABAD: One man was killed and 23 others wounded in aerial firing in Pakistan's southern port city of Karachi, reported the local media on Sunday, as people started celebrating the country's Independence Day on August 14.

Aerial firing is not uncommon in Pakistan on joyous occasions where the practice has claimed lives on several occasions in the past.

Celebratory gunfire is also unlawful, though it is not always possible for the police and other state institutions to implement the rule across the country.

"As the clock struck 12 on the night between August 13 and 14, the city of Karachi erupted into Independence Day celebrations," Samaa, a local news network, reported. "However, some people resorted to aerial gunfire and left one person dead and another 23 wounded."

The local news outlet said the dead and the wounded included people of all ages, adding these individuals were moved to the main hospitals of the city after receiving gunshot wounds.

"Nek Mohamad, 50, was killed near Teen Talwar Underpass by celebratory gunfire." Samaa said.

In an unusual warning, Pakistan Air Force told people earlier this month not to indulge in the practice since it could damage its aircraft.

"Aerial firing during wedding ceremonies and joyous festivals like the independence day not only causes loss of human lives but also sometimes harm the aircraft, which can cause significant damage to the defence capability of the country," it said in a statement.

PAF also noted that aerial firing was a punishable offence, adding that as patriotic citizens it was everyone's duty to avoid it.


Two Pakistani soldiers killed in militant attack in Balochistan

Updated 14 August 2022

Two Pakistani soldiers killed in militant attack in Balochistan

  • Military says it will thwart any attempt to sabotage peace, stability and progress of the province
  • The soldiers lost their lives after a group of militants raided a security post in the volatile region

ISLAMABAD: Two Pakistani soldiers lost their lives and an officer was injured in an exchange of fire with militants in Khost, a small town in southwestern Balochistan province, an official statement released by the military’s media wing, ISPR, said on Sunday.

The sparsely populated province of Balochistan, which borders Iran and Afghanistan, has witnessed low-intensity insurgency for decades.

The government has launched full-scale military operations and carried out targeted interventions in the past to quell the separatist violence.

According to the ISPR, the latest incident took place in the early hours of Sunday after a group of militants raided a security post in the region.

“Having successfully repulsed the distant fire raid, the escaping terrorists were pursued into the nearby mountains,” the official statement said. “As a follow up, during an encircling effort to cut off fleeing terrorists, a heavy exchange of fire took place between [the] terrorists and a security forces' patrol as well. During the skirmish, two valiant sons of soil, Naik Atif and Sepoy Qayyum embraced Shahadat [martyrdom] besides Major Umer who got injured while causing losses to the terrorists.”

The ISPR maintained the security forces were determined to thwart any attempt to sabotage peace, stability and progress of Balochistan.

Earlier this month, an army aviation helicopter, with a top military commander, crashed in the province.

Hours after its wreckage was found, Baloch separatists said they had shot down the helicopter, though they could not provide any evidence to substantiate the claim.

A senior military official dismissed their statement as propaganda, saying the helicopter had crashed due to bad weather.


Nearly seven decades after first rendition, 125 singers come together to re-record Pakistan's national anthem

Updated 14 August 2022

Nearly seven decades after first rendition, 125 singers come together to re-record Pakistan's national anthem

  • Pakistan’s national anthem, penned by poet Hafiz Jalandhri, was first released in 1954
  • Government invited proposals from musicians in 2017 to re-record national anthem

KARACHI: After nearly seven decades, the government released a re-recorded version of Pakistan’s national anthem on Sunday, sung by 125 singers from various parts of the country.  

Composed by musician Ahmad G. Chaggla in 1949 and penned by legendary poet Hafiz Jalandhri in 1952, Pakistan’s original national anthem was first released on August 13, 1954.   

 

 

The anthem speaks of submission to the Almighty and features prayers for Pakistan’s continued prosperity and encourages brotherhood among its citizens. Since 1954, the official national anthem had not been re-recorded, until now.

 

 

“This never happened before in 68 years,” Senator Javed Jabbar, chairman of the Steering Committee for the Re-Recording of the National Anthem, told Arab News.  “It was the first time that an initiative was taken to invite participation on an equitable level across all provinces, regions, religions and genders,” he added.   

With major developments in music technology and the emergence of new singing talents across the country, Jabbar said it was only right to represent the entire population and not only 11 voices for a re-recorded national anthem.   

Jabbar said the steering committee went all out to ensure the anthem was an inclusive one.   

“To make the re-recorded anthem inclusive, all aspects such as regional, linguistic, cultural, and gender diversity were taken into account,” he said. “The anthem features both full-time professional singers as well as people who are gifted vocalists but not necessarily well known.”   

To re-record the national anthem, Jabbar said he enlisted the services of some big names in Pakistan’s music industry, such as Arshad Mahmud, Rohail Hyatt and Ustad Nafees Ahmed.   

This isn’t the first attempt to re-record the national anthem, though. The initiative was first taken in 2017 before the Pakistani military proposed to the information ministry to undertake the project in January last year.  

The ministry issued a letter to release advertisements in both English and Urdu newspapers on August 19, 2017, when the idea was initially discussed.   

“Musicians and filmmakers are invited to send their technical and financial proposals for redoing the National Anthem’s Audio and Video Recording in the highest possible production standards,” read the official advertisement.   

“The Qaumi Tarana (national anthem) which was recorded with a symphonic orchestra of 32 hands is to be recorded in orchestral as well as vocal/choir versions using the latest electronic instruments,” it read.   

Jabbar said a fair representation of various communities in Pakistan was ensured while constituting the committee, which also included non-Muslim members. “Finally, in June 2021, the cabinet formally decided, for the first time, to set up a steering committee,” Jabbar said. 

A total of 155 vocalists were selected to re-record the national anthem. Some of these singers rehearsed at the National Academy of Performing Arts (NAPA) in Pakistan’s southern port city of Karachi for weeks, but ultimately 125 singers, representing all provinces and regions in Pakistan, were gathered in Islamabad to re-record the national anthem.  

“This was something greater and bigger in the sense that everybody I met over there did not feel like leaving the auditorium we were recording [the anthem] in,” Haroon Shahid, Pakistani singer and actor, told Arab News. Haroon is from Lahore and is one of the singers who lent their voices to the national anthem.  

 

For Bilal Ali, a musician from Kashmir who performs with his own band, the experience was “surreal and therapeutic.”   

Natasha Humera Ejaz, from Islamabad, narrated her experience of rehearsing the national anthem with a group of singers for two days.   

“We all were at the Pak-China Friendship Center and it was a wonderful spirit, lovely energy,” she said.   

 

 

 

Forty-eight musicians from Pakistan’s armed forces played musical instruments for the re-recorded version of the anthem while the entire process to release the track took 13 months.  

“When Baloch [people], Sindhis and Pathans come together, it’s sheer happiness,” Abid Brohi, a Baloch rapper, said. “We usually don’t get this exposure, so being a Baloch I am fortunate and proud to be a part of [the initiative].”  

 

 


Sartaj Aziz: Jinnah’s ‘selfless soldier’ with a front-row seat to Pakistani democracy, history

Updated 14 August 2022

Sartaj Aziz: Jinnah’s ‘selfless soldier’ with a front-row seat to Pakistani democracy, history

  • Says prevalence of “military-managed system,” politicians providing civilian facade to army rule a major failure of Pakistani history
  • Due to participation in campaign for 1946 elections, Jinnah awarded Aziz the Mujahid-e-Pakistan (Soldier of Pakstan) certificate

ISLAMABAD: Sartaj Aziz, a veteran politician, bureaucrat and longtime observer of the vicissitudes of Pakistani history, said on the eve of the 75th anniversary of the country’s birth, that a major failure of the new nation’s democratic transition was the prevalence of a “military-managed system” in which political leaders had willingly provided a civilian facade to army rule.

Since its birth in 1947, Pakistan has spent several decades under military rule: 1958 – 1971, 1977 – 1988, 1999 – 2008. And even when the army has not ruled directly, it has retained an outsized role in the country’s politics, foreign policy and national security.

Aziz, 93, passionately championed the cause of Pakistan as a student activist and was part of the election campaign for India’s 1946 provincial polls, which were won by the All-India Muslim League and are believed to have laid the path to Pakistan’s independence.

“Pakistan was created through a democratic process because of the vote that we won in 1946, but unfortunately, we could not sustain the democratic process,” Aziz, who has a storied career as a civil servant and politician, told Arab News in an interview earlier this month.

Veteran politician Sartaj Aziz speaks to Arab News in Islamabad on August 4, 2022. (AN Photo)

“The first general election took place 23 years after Pakistan was born in 1970 … in the first 28 years, there were only five years of civilian rule,” the former head of the planning commission and an ex-national security adviser said. “That is our main structural fault, that we have not been able to sustain democracy.”

Aziz lamented that political leaders in Pakistan were a “product of a military-managed system” and had provided the army a “civilian facade.”

“Obviously when you don’t have democratic institutions working, then the political parties or the political process does not take root,” the nonagenarian said, adding that no civilian prime minister or government had been able to complete its tenure in a “military-managed system” and Pakistan’s economic potential was subsequently “sacrificed.”

A picture taken on August 4, 2022 in Islamabad, Pakistan, shows a framed group photo of Islamia College Lahore students with Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. (AN Photo)

Another problem was a leadership vacuum in the country’s early years, including that the nation’s founder and first governor general Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah died a year after independence and Liaquat Ali Khan, the first prime minister, was assassinated in 1951.

“So, India made their constitution in 1950 but we could not agree on certain basic issues — how much provincial autonomy, parliamentary system or presidential system, and what’s the role of Islam — and it took us several years and in 1956 we got the first constitution,” Aziz said.

A picture taken on August 4, 2022 in Islamabad, Pakistan, shows a framed photo of a young Sartaj Aziz (left) is receiving Mujahid-e-Pakistan award from Pakistani founder Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (right) in 1946. (AN Photo)

But in 1958, President Iskander Mirza declared martial law in Pakistan and abrogated the constitution of 1956. In March 1969, General Yahya Khan took over from Ayub Khan.

General elections were held in December 1970, with Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto winning in West Pakistan and the Awami League taking nearly all seats in East Pakistan, giving it an overall majority. However, Yahya and Bhutto refused to allow the Awami League to form a government and subsequently in December 1971, India and Pakistan fought a war over East Pakistan, leading to the creation of Bangladesh.

Yahya then handed power over to Bhutto, who took over as prime minister in 1973. In 1977, another military official, Army chief General Zia-ul-Haq, seized power and Bhutto was hanged two years later on a disputed conviction for conspiring to commit a political murder.

“Bhutto’s hanging was a very big mistake … Zia-ul-Haq obviously knew that if Bhutto survived then he can’t survive,” Aziz said, counting off what he considered some of the major failures of Pakistani history. “And the judiciary also admitted later on that it was a biased decision.”

Another blunder was Pakistan’s support for the Afghan resistance after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979.

“That also is a question mark as to should we have done that or should we have not done that because we are still suffering from its consequences,” Aziz said, referring to Pakistan’s decades-old problem of militancy, which is believed to be a by-product of the Afghan war.

Speaking about the run-up to partition in 1947, Sartaj Aziz said the Pakistan movement was gaining steam when he joined Islamia College, Lahore, in 1944.

The new institute of learning had become a hub of politics and was frequently visited by Jinnah who wanted young students to help spread his demand for a separate Muslim homeland.

Veteran politician Sartaj Aziz speaks to Arab News in Islamabad on August 4, 2022. (AN Photo)

“He came to Lahore 15 times between 1937 and 1947 and 11 times he came to Islamia college in those 10 years,” Aziz, who became part of campaigning for Jinnah’s Muslim League in the 1946 provincial elections, said. “And I was lucky that three times out of those 11, I was present in the Islamia college.”

“The 1945-46 elections were very important because Quaid-e-Azam’s objective was to prove that All India Muslim League was the representative body of Indian Muslims,” Aziz added.

“We sent 1,250 students to different Punjab constituencies in the batches of 6, 8 and 10 to campaign for the Pakistan Muslim league. And as a result, we won almost 85 percent of the seats in Punjab and in the country, as a whole out of 484 seats, 87 percent of seats were won. So that election of 1946 proved that the All-India Muslim League was the true representative of Muslims.”

 

 

The victory led the path for Pakistan, Aziz said:

“After the 1946 elections, the British agreed that without dealing with the All-India Muslim league it will be difficult to find a solution.”

As a result of the successful election campaign, Jinnah awarded Aziz the Mujahid-e-Pakistan – or “Warrior of Pakistan” – certificate.

“Quaid-e-Azam said that you have received Mujahid-e-Pakistan, and now you become Memar-e-Pakistan, or builder of Pakistan, so that’s how I decided my future career.” Aziz said. “My father wanted me to become a lawyer but then I decided to become a development professional because Quaid-e-Azam wanted so. So, I went to Hailey College of Commerce, and my career was changed under Quaid-e-Azam’s instructions.”

“He [Jinnah] was very affectionate with the students and would sit on the grass with us,” Aziz recalled, smiling. “He had very informal contact with us and called us his selfless soldiers.”