Malaysia works with UN, Philippines to combat polio

Malaysia announced on Monday that authorities were working round the clock in cooperation with international organizations and the Philippines to intensify a health campaign. (Shutterstock)
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Updated 17 December 2019

Malaysia works with UN, Philippines to combat polio

  • Authorities detect virus in three-month-old infant from Sabah

KUALA LUMPUR: In a bid to curb the spread of the polio virus in the country, Malaysia announced on Monday that authorities were working round the clock in cooperation with international organizations and the Philippines to intensify a health campaign.

“The Malaysian Ministry of Health (MOH) is also working closely with the World Health Organization (WHO) to get updates on the polio situation globally,” Dr. Noor Hisham bin Abdullah, director general of Malaysia’s Ministry of Health, said in his official blog on Monday.

He added that a “joint venture with the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is being refined” for low-cost vaccines, specifically for non-citizen immunization programs in Sabah. 

Malaysia has been scrambling to deal with the re-emergence of the virus ever since it was detected in a three-month-old infant from Tuaran, Sabah, on Dec. 8, almost 27 years after it was completely eradicated from the country.

The infant is stable and is currently being treated at the isolation ward of a hospital, the ministry said.

The cause for the spread of polio is yet to be determined, but several are pointing fingers at the Philippines for the outbreak.

“The MOH will also strengthen bilateral cooperation with the Philippines, including immunization programs for children of nationals in Sabah,” Bin Abdullah said.

Sabah is a major tourist area in Malaysia, attracting close to 3.5 million tourists each year.

When contacted by Arab News on Monday, officials from the Malaysian Tourism Ministry were unavailable for comment.

The Sabah state government has already taken several critical measures to prevent the spread of the virus, including intensifying immunization activities for children in Sabah.

“To help prevent the spread, additional immunization activities will be provided to all children under the age of five in Sabah,” Bin Abdullah said.

Thus far, 59 children aged between two months and 15 years — including undocumented and non-citizens — have been vaccinated.

Additionally, the Malaysian authorities have increased awareness measures through media advocacy and health education to the public, as well as monitoring the health facilities in high-risk areas.

“Detection activity on Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) cases that are showing symptoms of poliomyelitis in the areas around the case is being expanded to nearby and at-risk areas,” Bin Abdullah added.

“A total of 1,553 people were examined, and none of the AFP symptoms were detected.”

With push backs from so-called “anti-vaxxers” who dispute the effectiveness of vaccination, and calls from civil societies for mandatory vaccination, authorities are also urging parents to vaccinate their children immediately.

“The MOH wants to emphasize that the best way to prevent polio is through immunization. Infectious diseases such as polio do not recognize boundaries,” Bin Abdullah said.


Sanders attacked for past praise of communist regimes

Updated 45 min 48 sec ago

Sanders attacked for past praise of communist regimes

  • Joe Biden, Michael Bloomberg and Pete Buttigieg all seized on visits Sanders made to the USSR, the Sandinista-controlled Nicaragua and Fidel Castro’s Cuba in the 1980s
  • Joe Biden: He (Sanders) seems to have found more inspiration in the Soviets, Sandinistas, Chavistas, and Castro than in America

WASHINGTON: Bernie Sanders’ past praise of communist regimes like Cuba and the Soviet Union has come back to haunt him, his rivals for the Democratic White House nomination seeking to paint the frontrunner as a friend of left-wing dictators.
Fellow Democratic hopefuls Joe Biden, Michael Bloomberg and Pete Buttigieg all seized on visits Sanders made to the USSR, the Sandinista-controlled Nicaragua and Fidel Castro’s Cuba in the 1980s as evidence he is a threat to the US democratic and capitalist system.
Sanders, who describes himself as a “democratic socialist,” was pressed on CBS’s “60 Minutes” program on Sunday about positive comments he made three decades ago about communist states, particularly his statement that Castro had vastly improved education and health care in Cuba.
“We’re very opposed to the authoritarian nature of Cuba, but you know, it’s unfair to simply say everything is bad,” the 78-year-old politician said.
“When Fidel Castro came into office, you know what he did? He had a massive literacy program. Is that a bad thing? Even though Fidel Castro did it?“
Biden, who Sanders has edged out as the 2020 Democratic frontrunner, fired back:
“Make no mistake: Bernie Sanders’ comments on Fidel Castro are a part of a larger pattern throughout his life to embrace autocratic leaders and governments across the globe,” the centrist former vice president said in a statement.
“He seems to have found more inspiration in the Soviets, Sandinistas, Chavistas, and Castro than in America.”
Buttigieg compared Sanders to President Donald Trump who he said has “cozied up to dictators,” adding the country needs a leader “who will be extremely clear in standing against regimes that violate human rights abroad.”
With Sanders in pole position heading into South Carolina’s primary this weekend, the controversy offers his rivals a precious chance to halt his momentum when they clash on the debate stage later on Tuesday.
Sanders’ alignment with the far left in US politics has always left him vulnerable to attack; Trump and other Republicans have branded him a “communist.”
But his Cuba comments have come to the forefront in the fight for voter support in Florida, home to a large Cuban-American population strongly opposed to Castro’s regime and holding substantial political sway in the southern state.
Bloomberg, the billionaire former New York mayor, targeted that electorate as he tweeted that Castro “left a dark legacy of forced labor camps, religious repression, widespread poverty, firing squads, and the murder of thousands of his own people.”
“But sure, Bernie, let’s talk about his literacy program,” Bloomberg said.
Sanders’ denies any support for dictators. Critics say his record suggests otherwise.
As mayor of the small city of Burlington, Vermont, he visited Nicaragua in 1985 and afterward hailed Daniel Ortega’s revolution against the Central American country’s landowner elite.
That was a view commonly held among the American left, especially as the administration of Ronald Reagan supported the right-wing Nicaraguan Contra fighters accused of numerous terror-like atrocities.
In 1988 Sanders visited Russia seeking to establish a sister-city pact with Yaroslavl, northeast of Moscow.
It was hardly unique: there were several dozen US-USSR sister city relationships at the time, according to Sister Cities International.
Upon his return, Sanders applauded Russian gains in health care, while adding they were 10 years behind the United States.
He said his hosts were friendly and spoke honestly about problems, especially in housing and struggling industries.
He offered no praise of the government and communist system, and noted Russians very much liked Reagan, who had just days earlier held a summit with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, which Sanders called “a major step forward for humanity.”
Likewise after visiting Cuba in 1989, Sanders praised its achievements in education and health care, calling Castro’s revolution “profound,” but also noting the lack of political freedoms.
“The question is how you bring both economic and political freedom together in one society,” he said at the time, according to the Rutland Daily Herald.
Sanders’ position echoes that of president Barack Obama, who reestablished diplomatic relations with Cuba in 2015, with Biden as his vice president.
Obama said on a landmark 2016 Havana visit that the government “should be congratulated” for its achievements in education and health care — while criticizing its human rights violations and communist-rooted economy which he said was “not working.”
Sanders told “60 Minutes” that his support for certain achievements in communist countries did not make him a friend of repressive leaders.
“I don’t trade love letters with a murdering dictator,” he said, referring to Trump’s friendship with North Korea’s Kim Jong Un.
Whether that carries with Cuban voters in Florida remains an open question.