Pakistani hospital joins hands with Chinese firm to use AI for cervical cancer detection

An undated file photo showing a general view of Dr.Akbar Niazi Teaching Hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan. (Photo courtesy: Sartaj Hussain)
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Updated 26 November 2023

Pakistani hospital joins hands with Chinese firm to use AI for cervical cancer detection

  • Pakistan has population of 73.8 million women ages 15 years and older who are at risk of developing cervical cancer
  • Current estimates indicate every year 5,008 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 3,197 die from the disease

ISLAMABAD: Islamabad’s Dr. Akbar Niazi Teaching Hospital has joined hands with a Chinese medical technology company to make use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) for the detection of cervical cancer in women, Radio Pakistan reported this week.

Cancer is becoming more prevalent in Pakistan, with 19 million new cancer cases recorded in 2020, according to data cited in a 2022 study published in the Front Nutr medical journal. 

As per a 2023 report by the HPV Information Center which compiles, processes, and disseminates country-specific information related to HPV and cervical cancer, Pakistan has a population of 73.8 million women ages 15 years and older who are at risk of developing cervical cancer.

Current estimates indicate that every year 5,008 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer
and 3,197 die from the disease. Cervical cancer ranks as the third most frequent cancer among women in Pakistan and the second most frequent cancer among women between 15 and 44
years of age.

“This collaboration, driven by the pursuit of cutting-edge research and development, aims to redefine the landscape of cervical cancer screening for Pakistani women,” Radio Pakistan reported about ANTH’s collaboration with the Chinese firm, which the news outlet did not name.

The CEO of ANTH, Yasir Khan Niazi, described the initiative as a “pivotal step toward seamless integration of technology into the fabric of cancer screening for Pakistani women.”

More than 70 percent of cancer patients report with a very advanced stage of malignancy, which is a cause of the high rate of mortality in Pakistan among cervical cancer patients, according to a 2017 study in the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association.

“We covered studies cited during the previous 11 years (2005-2015) that reviewed many aspects of cervical cancer in Pakistan, including epidemiology, risk factors, screening test and their barriers, clinical presentation and prevention,” the study said.

“Our analysis indicated that infections associated with human papillomavirus posed the greatest risk of carcinoma and consequent mortality rate, especially because of low socioeconomic status and poor knowledge of screening. Emphasis is laid on a need to organize proper screening program taking into account what already is known about Pakistani women.”

Probe suggests India behind Lahore death of suspect in killing of Indian spy — Pakistan minister

Updated 2 min 2 sec ago

Probe suggests India behind Lahore death of suspect in killing of Indian spy — Pakistan minister

  • Alleged Indian spy Sarabjit Singh died at a prison in Pakistan's Lahore city in 2013 after inmates attacked him
  • Islamabad has previously accused Indian intelligence agency of being involved in killings inside Pakistan

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan's Interior Minister Mohsin Naqvi said on Monday that an investigation had suggested India was behind the death of a Pakistani man, who was suspected of killing alleged Indian spy Sarabjit Singh in 2013.

Amir Tamba was shot dead inside his home in the eastern Pakistani city of Lahore on Saturday. He was a suspect in the death of Sarabjit Singh, an Indian national who was convicted of spying in Pakistan and handed a death sentence in 1991.

Singh died in 2013 after inmates attacked him in a Lahore prison. His killing stoked tensions between the two nuclear-armed neighbors. Tamba was accused of being involved in Singh’s death but was not convicted.

Asked about possible Indian involvement in Tamba's killing, Naqvi told reporters that India had been directly involved in a few killings inside Pakistan and police were suspecting Indian involvement in Tamba's murder too.

"Right now, the evidence is pointing to them [India]," the minister said. "It is not ideal to say anything until the investigation is completed, but [the killing] has the same pattern."

Islamabad has previously accused India’s intelligence agency of being involved in killings inside Pakistan, saying it had credible evidence linking two Indian agents to the deaths of two Pakistanis last year.

Britain's Guardian newspaper published a report this month, saying the Indian government had killed about 20 people in Pakistan since 2020 as part of a broader plan to eliminate militants residing on foreign soil. Pakistan denies harboring militants.

Last year, both the United States and Canada accused Indian agents of links to assassination plots on their soil. India dismissed the allegation of its involvement in the killing in Canada as “absurd.”

In the case involving the US, India’s foreign ministry said it had set up a high-level committee to investigate the accusations, adding that the alleged link to an Indian official was “a matter of concern” and “against government policy.”

Saudi FM due in Pakistan on official visit today — foreign office 

Updated 15 April 2024

Saudi FM due in Pakistan on official visit today — foreign office 

  • Visit comes days after Pakistan, Saudi Arabia reaffirmed commitment to expedite $5 billion investment
  • Pakistan state media on Sunday said Saudi Arabia would invest $1 billion in Reko Diq mining project 

ISLAMABAD: Saudi Arabia’s Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan will arrive in Pakistan on Monday on a two-day visit aimed at enhancing bilateral economic cooperation between the two countries, the Pakistani foreign office said.
The Saudi foreign minister’s visit comes a week after Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman met Pakistani Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif in Saudi Arabia and reaffirmed the Kingdom’s commitment to expedite an investment package worth $5 billion.
“The visit takes place essentially to expedite follow up on the understanding reached between Prime Minister Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif and HRH Mohammad bin Salman, Crown Prince and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during their recent meeting in Makkah Al Mukarramah to enhance bilateral economic cooperation,” the foreign office said in a statement. 
“This visit is aimed at lending positive impetus to enhanced bilateral cooperation and mutually rewarding economic partnership.”
The Saudi delegation comprises the foreign minister, minister of water and agriculture, minister of industry and mineral resources, deputy minister of investment, and senior officials from the Saudi energy ministry and the Saudi Fund for General Investments, according to the Pakistani foreign office.
The Saudi delegation is expected to hold meetings with the Pakistani president, the prime minister, the foreign minister and counterpart ministers, as well as the army chief and members of the apex committee of the Special Investment Facilitation Council, set up last year to oversee all foreign investments. 
The Saudi government has not yet commented on the visit or its agenda. 
Cash-strapped Pakistan desperately needs to shore up its foreign reserves and signal to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that it can continue to meet requirements for foreign financing that has been a key demand in previous bailout packages.
Pakistan and Saudi Arabia enjoy strong trade, defense and cultural ties. The Kingdom is home to over 2.7 million Pakistani expatriates and serves as the top source of remittances to the cash-strapped South Asian country.
Saudi Arabia has also often come to cash-strapped Pakistan’s aid by regularly providing it oil on deferred payment and offering direct financial support to help stabilize its economy and shore up its forex reserves.
On Sunday, Pakistani state media reported Saudi Arabia was likely to invest $1 billion in the Reko Diq copper and gold mine project in Pakistan’s southwestern Balochistan province.

Muslim World League secretary-general meets key Pakistani religious leader, scholars in Islamabad

Updated 15 April 2024

Muslim World League secretary-general meets key Pakistani religious leader, scholars in Islamabad

  • Dr. Mohammad bin Abdulkarim Al-Issa meets Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman, head of the right-wing JUI-F party, other religious scholars
  • Dr. Al-Issa arrived in Pakistan on April 7 to promote bilateral relations between Islamabad and Riyadh, and to promote interfaith harmony 

ISLAMABAD: The secretary-general of the Muslim World League (MWL), Dr. Mohammad bin Abdulkarim Al-Issa met prominent Pakistani religious leader Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman and other Pakistani religious scholars in Islamabad on Monday, Rehman’s party said, as the MWL official’s nine-day visit to the country concludes today. 

Dr. Al-Issa arrived in Islamabad on April 7 on a nine-day trip aimed at fostering interfaith harmony, strengthening bilateral ties between Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. He heads the MWL, a Makkah-based non-governmental organization that represents followers of Islam around the world.

During his visit to Pakistan, Dr. Al-Issa delivered the Eid Al-Fitr sermon at the Shah Faisal Mosque in Islamabad last week in which he called on Muslims to keep Palestinians close to their hearts and in their prayers.

Rehman, who heads the right-wing Jamiat Ulama-e-Pakistan Fazl (JUI-F) party, met Dr. Al-Issa at the house of Nawaf bin Said Al-Malki, Saudi Arabia’s ambassador to Pakistan, the JUI-F said in a statement. 

“We welcome Muslim World League Secretary-General Dr. Mohammad bin Abdulkarim Al-Issa and his honorable delegation,” Rehman was quoted as saying by the JUI-F. 

The JUI-F leader said thousands of madrassahs or religious seminaries were being run by Pakistani scholars in the country. He added that Pakistani scholars have played a prominent role in awakening the Muslim community. 

“Pakistani scholars have a longstanding spiritual and brotherly relationship with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,” Rehman was quoted as saying by the JUI-F. 

Speaking on the Gaza crisis, Rehman criticized the Jewish state for its relentless military campaign and said that the “brutality” against Palestinians cannot be ignored. 

“Zionist Israel has the patronage of international powers where human rights are being trampled and children, women and the elderly are being killed,” he said. “The Palestinian situation demands unity from us and the entire Muslim Ummah is looking toward Saudi Arabia in this regard.”

During his visit to Pakistan, Dr. Al-Issa visited the Ali bin Abi Talib Orphanage in Islamabad to spend time with the orphans there on Eid Al-Fitr. On Saturday, he attended the foundation laying ceremony of the Seerat Museum in Islamabad. The museum, the first of its kind, would exhibit relics related to the life of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him). 

Pakistan Eid tourism surged by over 360 percent amid easing inflation — provincial data

Updated 15 April 2024

Pakistan Eid tourism surged by over 360 percent amid easing inflation — provincial data

  • Inflation in Pakistan fell to 20.7 percent in March, the country’s lowest in 23 months, data showed
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s Galiyat area saw highest number of tourists, 237,500, from April 10-14 last week

ISLAMABAD: Eid tourism in Pakistan’s northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province surged by over 360 percent this year, with over 580,000 tourists visiting the area’s scenic spots during the five-day holidays last week, data released by the provincial tourism authority on Monday showed, as inflation eases in the economically troubled country. 

Poor weather conditions and soaring inflation led to a staggering 74 percent decline in the number of tourists that visited KP last year during the Eid holidays, as per official figures, when over 125,000 tourists visited the province. The northwestern province is home to many picturesque locations and scenic spots such as Swat Valley, Malam Jabba, Abbottabad, Kaghan, and Shogran that Pakistanis from all over the country visit during the Eid holidays. 

As per figures shared by the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Integrated Tourism Development Project (KITE), a provincial initiative by the provincial government to develop tourism in KP, 583,452 tourists in total visited the province from April 10-14. 

“Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s tourist spots remained tourists’ first priority during Eid holidays,” the KP Culture and Tourism Authority said in a statement. “During the five days [April 10-14], over 583,000 tourists visited the tourist spots of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.”

According to a breakdown shared by KITE, Galiyat saw the highest number of visitors with over 237,500 visiting the area during the five days while 151,900 visited Malam Jabba. As many as 92,470 tourists visited Kumrat Valley while 77,372 toured Naran and Kaghan areas, the data showed. 

Pakistan’s inflation last year peaked at 36.4 percent during April 2023 while food inflation surged to 49.1 percent. The South Asian country’s inflation outpaced price gains even in Sri Lanka as its currency depreciated and Pakistan hiked fuel and energy prices to comply with the International Monetary Fund (IMF). 

In March 2024, however, Pakistan’s inflation rate measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) fell to 20.7 percent, its lowest in 23 months. However, the country continues to face significant financial challenges, with dwindling foreign exchange reserves and a weak national currency.

8 killed, 12 injured in three days as heavy rains batter northwestern Pakistan 

Updated 15 April 2024

8 killed, 12 injured in three days as heavy rains batter northwestern Pakistan 

  • Four children, three men and a woman were among the eight casualties, says provincial disaster management authority 
  • In latest press release, Pakistan’s Met Office warns of floods and landslides in country’s northern areas due to heavy rain

PESHAWAR: Eight people have been killed and 12 others injured in the past three days due to rain-related incidents in Pakistan’s northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province, a report by the Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) said on Sunday, as the meteorological department warned of floods and landslides in the country’s northern parts. 

Heavy rains and snowfall last week damaged hundreds of houses and bridges and shut off road and rail routes in several areas of Pakistan, especially in KP. As per the PDMA’s latest report, four children, three men and one woman were among the eight casualties while the 12 injured included four women, six men and two children. 

It said that 85 houses were affected in various districts of the province when their walls and roofs collapsed due to heavy rain. Of these, 15 houses were destroyed while 70 were damaged.

“Due to heavy rain, accidents and financial losses were reported in various districts such as upper and lower Dir, lower Chitral, Swat, Bajaur, Shangla, Mansehra, Mohmand and Malakand,” the report. 

It added that KP Chief Minister Ali Amin Gandapur had directed the relevant district administrations and institutions to provide immediate assistance to the affected families and instructed them to ensure the provision of best medical facilities to those injured in rain-related incidents.

The PDMA said it is in contact with the district administrations throughout the province and has instructed them to speed up relief operations. 

The Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) issued a press release on Monday warning that heavy rains could cause floods in the streams and rivers near Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, Murree, Galyat, Naran and Kaghan areas. It also warned that the showers can cause landslides in the areas surrounding River Kabul. 

Separately, over 20 people were killed last week in lightning strikes in Pakistan’s Punjab and southwestern Balochistan provinces amid heavy rains and thunderstorms in the two provinces. 

Pakistan has been prone to natural disasters and consistently ranks among one of the most adversely affected countries due to the effects of climate change.

In March, heavy rains in Pakistan’s Balochistan triggered urban floods in Gwadar and Kech districts, destroying nearly 100 homes and killing at least five people.

In 2022, torrential monsoon rains triggered the most devastating floods in Pakistan’s history, killing around 1,700 people. Over 33 million people were affected by the floodwaters — a staggering number close to the population of Canada.

Millions of homes, tens of thousands of schools as well as thousands of kilometers of roads and railways still need to be rebuilt.