Pakistani physician elected to National Academy of Medicine, one of highest honors in medicine 

Pakistani physician Dr. Anita Zaidi pictured during an event on women leaders in global health in London on November 12, 2018. (Dr. Anita Zaidi twitter)
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Updated 20 October 2021

Pakistani physician elected to National Academy of Medicine, one of highest honors in medicine 

  • Dr. Anita Zaidi is president for gender equality at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • She was elected “for global leadership in paediatric infectious disease research and capacity development“

ISLAMABAD: Pakistani physician Dr. Anita Zaidi was elected this week to the National Academy of Medicine, considered one of the highest honors in the fields of health and medicine which recognizes individuals who have demonstrated outstanding professional achievement and commitment to service.
Founded in 1970 as the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the National Academy of Medicine (NAM) is one of three academies that make up the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (the National Academies) in the United States. Operating under the 1863 Congressional charter of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academies are private, nonprofit institutions that work outside of government to provide objective advice on matters of science, technology, and health.
The Academy said Zaidi, president for gender equality and director of vaccine development and surveillance and of enteric and diarrheal diseases at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, was elected “for global leadership in paediatric infectious disease research and capacity development relevant to improving newborn and child survival in developing countries.”
Since joining the foundation in 2014, Zaidi has led a team focused on vaccine development for people in the poorest parts of the world, surveillance to identify and address causes of death in children in the most under-served areas, and significantly reducing the adverse consequences of diarrheal and enteric infections on children’s health in low and middle-income countries, according to the Gates Foundation website.
“Through this role, Anita champions innovative work on behalf of low-income women and children, including the creation of the Women Leaders in Global Health program— now called WomenLift Health— to promote diversity in global health leadership. She also works closely with the foundation’s Maternal Newborn Child Health Discovery & Tools program,” it said.
Previously, Anita was the department chair of Pediatrics and Child Health at the Aga Khan University in Karachi, Pakistan, where she worked to reduce child mortality through the prevention and treatment of illness.
She obtained her medical degree specializing in pediatric infectious diseases at Aga Khan University, and completed further training at Duke University, Boston’s Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and the Harvard School of Public Health. To date, Anita has published more than 200 research papers on vaccine-preventable diseases and newborn infections in resource-limited settings.
In 2013, Anita became the first recipient of the $1 million Caplow Children’s Prize for her pioneering work bringing health services and wraparound care to mothers and children in poverty-stricken communities in Karachi. She was also nominated as a notable physician of the year in 2014 by Medscape.
“It is my privilege to welcome this extraordinary class of new members. Their contributions to health and medicine are unmatched – they’ve made groundbreaking discoveries, taken bold action against social inequities, and led the response to some of the greatest public health challenges of our time,” said National Academy of Medicine President Victor J. Dzau.
“This is also the NAM’s most diverse class of new members to date, composed of approximately 50 percent women and 50 percent racial and ethnic minorities. This class represents many identities and experiences – all of which are absolutely necessary to address the existential threats facing humanity. I look forward to working with all of our new members in the years ahead.”
The newly elected members bring NAM’s total membership to more than 2,200 and the number of international members to approximately 172.


Iran reacts to Pakistani media report on its ‘support’ of Houthi attack on UAE

Updated 22 January 2022

Iran reacts to Pakistani media report on its ‘support’ of Houthi attack on UAE

  • Iranian embassy says such claims would have a ‘detrimental effect on public opinion’ on Pakistan-Iran relations
  • Houthi rebels on Monday attacked Abu Dhabi with missiles and drones, killing three people, including a Pakistani national

ISLAMABAD: The Iranian embassy in Islamabad said on Friday it denied as “baseless accusations” a report by a Pakistani newspaper that suggested Tehran had supported Yemen’s Houthi rebels in a recent carry out attacks on the UAE.
Houthi rebels on Monday attacked the Emirati capital of Abu Dhabi with missiles and drones, setting off explosions in fuel trucks that killed three people, including a Pakistani national, and injured six others.
English-language daily Dawn on Wednesday published an editorial titled “UAE targeted,” that said it was unlikely for the Houthis to develop such capabilities “without Iranian assistance.”
Reacting to the publication, the Iranian embassy issued a statement saying the newspaper had “put up negative and baseless accusations and allegations against the Islamic Republic of Iran” by accusing it of supporting the attackers “without presenting any reason or document.”
It said it “strongly denied the allegations” by the Pakistani newspaper, adding that “such claims would have a detrimental effect on public opinion toward the relations between the two countries and to overshadow the positive dimensions of relations and cooperation between the two governments for peace and durable stability in the region.”
“It is obvious that the publication of negative and untruth material is not in line with the good neighborliness and the growing trajectory of comprehensive relations between the two friendly and brotherly countries of Iran and Pakistan.”

This handout satellite image made available by Planet Labs PBC shows white fire-suppressing foam after a blaze at a fuel depot of the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) in the Musaffah industrial district in the Emirati capital, on January 17, 2022. (AFP_

Dawn’s editorial team declined comment despite a request by Arab News.
The Arab coalition in Yemen has been fighting Houthi rebels, who have also repeatedly targeted Saudi Arabia with cross-border strikes.
In 2019, Houthi drone attacks on Saudi Aramco’s facilities in Abqaiq and Khurais in eastern Saudi Arabia had ignited large fires that had forced closure of both facilities and cut the kingdom’s production by nearly half.


Saudi diplomat murder: Pakistan seeks Tehran assistance to arrest suspects from Iran

Updated 4 min 5 sec ago

Saudi diplomat murder: Pakistan seeks Tehran assistance to arrest suspects from Iran

  • Hassan Al-Qahtani was killed by gunmen in Pakistan’s southern metropolis of Karachi in 2011
  • In November last year, Pakistani authorities established a special team to investigate the murder

KARACHI: Pakistani police have asked for assistance from authorities in Tehran in apprehending the suspected killers of a Saudi diplomat, who are believed to be hiding in Iran, a counterterrorism official said on Friday.
Hassan Al-Qahtani, an employee of the Saudi consulate in Pakistan’s southern metropolis of Karachi, was killed in 2011, when gunmen opened fire on his car in the city’s Defense neighborhood.
In November last year, Pakistani authorities established a special team to investigate the murder after previous probes yielded no result. Counter Terrorism Department Deputy Inspector General Omar Shahid Hamid told Arab News at the time that the team was working on “fruitful leads” from the country’s intelligence.
Investigation materials seen by Arab News include a November request to Iranian authorities for assistance in the case against three suspects in Al-Qahtani’s murder — Ali Mustehsan, Raza Imam, and Syed Waqar Ahmed — over their “involvement in target killing and terrorism activities in Pakistan.”
“We have written for mutual legal assistance from Iran,” a Counter Terrorism Department told Arab News on condition of anonymity as he was not authorized to speak to the media.
“We believe that all three accused are absconding in Iran, and we cannot arrest them without the assistance of their law enforcement.”

A Pakistani paramilitary soldier stands guard outside the Saudi consulate in Pakistan's port city of Karachi on May 11, 2011, following an attack. (AFP)

He said red notices for Mustehsan and Ahmed have already been issued, while police have called for the Federal Investigation Agency to initiate the process of issuing one for Imam as well.
Imam, alias Manzar, has a 1-million-rupee ($13,400) bounty on his head and has already been sentenced to death in two different cases, according to the Sindh police wanted list. He is a member of the banned Sipah-e-Muhammad Pakistan militant organization.
Mustehsan, alias Syed Waseem Ahsan Naqvi, belongs to the same organization.


In wildlife conservation initiative, northwestern Pakistan increases number of protected areas

Updated 22 January 2022

In wildlife conservation initiative, northwestern Pakistan increases number of protected areas

  • These areas are designated to ensure conservation of flora and fauna, mitigate environmental disasters
  • Initiative comes as the UN declared years 2021 through 2030 as the Decade on Ecosystem Restoration

PESHAWAR: Pakistan’s northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province has launched a major wildlife conservation project by designating several new sites in diverse ecological zones as protected areas, a provincial minister told Arab News. 
The initiative comes as the UN has declared years 2021 through 2030 as the Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. 
Given KP’s landmass, it will collectively take the size of these special zones from 10.22 percent to 14.91 percent. 
“Our coverage of protected areas is around 15 percent but we intend to increase it to 17 percent in the coming year,” the provincial minister for forest, environment and wildlife, Syed Ishtiaq Urmar, said earlier this week. 
“I am sure we will meet our ambitious target and achieve global standards by further increasing the volume of protected areas such as wetlands, national parks and wildlife reserves.”

In this undated photo, backpackers walk past a hillside in Kamal Ban National Park, a protected area in Mansehra district of Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. (Photo courtesy: KP Forest Environment & Wildlife Department)

He said that designating appropriate sites as protected areas was helpful for the conservation of flora and fauna, adding it could ultimately reduce environmental challenges such as droughts and flooding.
According to KP’s Wildlife and Biodiversity Act, 2015, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, biosphere reserves and game reserves all fall under protected areas. 
Pakistan is signatory to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, making officials of the wildlife department say they aspire to meet international benchmarks in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. 
“The initiative aims to preserve and rehabilitate threatened or endangered wildlife species in their natural habitats,” KP Forest Environment and Wildlife Department spokesman Latif-ur-Rehman said. “It will play a highly significant role in the protection and conservation of wildlife.” 

In this undated photo, backpackers walk past a hillside in Kamal Ban National Park, a protected area in Mansehra district of Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. (Photo courtesy: KP Forest Environment & Wildlife Department)

Dr. Muhammad Nafees, who teaches environmental sciences at the Peshawar University, told Arab News that about 12 percent of the country’s land had been declared protected by the government, though the international benchmark was 31 percent. 
He said the KP’s initiative was “encouraging,” but the whole country needed to devise a proper management plan for protected areas and infrastructure around them to “ensure effective outcomes.” 
He added that the inhabitants of these areas should also be given incentives to make the initiative successful. 
“For example, if we want to breed particular species of birds in a certain area, for instance, we will have to completely ban its hunting there,” Nafees said. “Protected areas mean that human activities should be curtailed over there to achieve long-term environmental targets and purposes.” 


Pakistan to close schools with high COVID-19 positivity for one week 

Updated 22 January 2022

Pakistan to close schools with high COVID-19 positivity for one week 

  • Health authorities will carry out massive COVID-19 testing in educational institutes in major omicron-hit cities 
  • On Friday, the South Asian nation recorded its highest daily virus cases since the beginning of the pandemic 

ISLAMABAD: Educational institutions with a high coronavirus positivity ratio would be closed for a week across Pakistan, the country’s pandemic response body announced on Friday, as the South Asian nation reported its highest daily infections since the start of the pandemic. 

Pakistan recorded 23 deaths and 7,678 new coronavirus infections in the past 24 hours, according to official figures. The country reported the previous record high number of daily cases on June 13, 2020, when 6,825 people had tested positive for the virus. 

The virus positivity ratio in the country shot up to 12.93 percent from 11.55 percent the previous day as it continues to battle an omicron-driven fifth wave of virus infections. 

Health authorities have carried out COVID-19 testing in education institutes in major omicron-hit cities to ascertain the disease spread among students and ensure accurate disease mapping. 

The data suggested a strong correlation between vaccination levels and infection rate in various cities, prompting the authorities to take different measures, including aggressive testing in educational institutes over the next two weeks. 

“Education institutions / premises / sections / specific classes with high positivity to be closed for ONE Week,” the National Command and Operation Center (NCOC), Pakistan’s top pandemic response body, said in a statement. 

“Provincial Administration in consultation with District Health, Education Authorities and School Administrations to set a threshold of cases for deciding such closures.” 

Federating units would carry out special vaccination drives in schools to ensure 100 percent vaccination of students over 12 years of age, the NCOC added. 

The rise in COVID-19 cases comes as authorities in the South Asian nation impose new restrictions to curb the fast-spreading omicron strain that is fueling the fifth wave of infections in the country. 

Earlier this week, the NCOC banned indoor gatherings and imposed restrictions on schools from January 24 in cities where the COVID-19 positivity rate was above 10 percent. 

But despite the surge, Prime Minister Imran Khan on Wednesday ruled out the possibility of a lockdown, saying Pakistan could not bring its economy to a standstill. 


Government failures led to Pakistan tourist snowstorm deaths, report says 

Updated 21 January 2022

Government failures led to Pakistan tourist snowstorm deaths, report says 

  • 22 people died in Murree on Jan 8 after being stuck in their cars overnight as temperatures plummeted during snowstorm 
  • Inquiry was conducted by a committee consisting of civil servants on the orders of Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan 

LAHORE: The deaths of 23 tourists in their cars during a blizzard in Pakistan earlier this month were caused by government failures including delays in moving snow plows and a lack of warnings to people that harsh weather was coming, an inquiry has found. 

The tourists were stranded in the hill resort of Murree, 64 km (40 miles) northeast of the capital Islamabad, where thousands of families had flocked to enjoy the snow. 

“The unfortunate casualties were caused by strategic, tactical and operational failures at various levels,” a report compiled by the inquiry and seen by Reuters on Friday said. 

The inquiry was carried out by a committee consisting of civil servants and set up by the government on the orders of Prime Minister Imran Khan. 

It concluded that the victims reportedly died because of poisoning by carbon monoxide, an odourless gas emitted by car exhausts that can quickly cause death in enclosed spaces. 

Thousands of families had flocked to Murree, in the Margalla foothills, creating traffic congestion as the storm set in. 

Stern action will be taken against those held responsible for the failures, government spokesman Hassaan Khawar told Reuters, adding that “the government has taken firm steps to avoid such mismanagement in future.” 

Efforts to divert traffic to alternate routes proved to be futile as the entire hill town was choked with traffic, the report said, adding that no coordination meeting or contingency planning was carried out to deal with the heavy snowfall. 

There were clear weather warnings of a snow blizzard, which regional disaster management officials did not share in any public forum, the report said, adding that the public was not warned against travel to the hill resort. 

The inquiry report said the warnings and weather forecasts were discussed by officials in WhatsApp groups “too late, leaving no time for planning and preparation.” 

On Thursday, the government released parts of the report and announced the removal of 15 officials for their failure to manage and anticipate the disaster. 

Social media videos and eye-witnesses accounts after the incident showed entire families, including children, lying dead in their snow-covered vehicles.