Police and clerics team up against 'honor killing' in Pakistan’s remote northern towns

District Police Officer (DPO) Kohistan Muhammad Suleman briefs locals about a police campaign against honor killings in Kohistan on June 9, 2020. (Photo courtesy: Kohistan police)
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Updated 14 June 2020

Police and clerics team up against 'honor killing' in Pakistan’s remote northern towns

  • Ultra-conservative Kohistan in KP province is notorious for high rates of killings in the name of honor
  • Police chief says response from religious leaders against murderous practice has been ‘overwhelming’

PESHAWAR: Backed by religious leaders and tribal elders, police in northwestern Pakistan are spearheading a campaign to curb rates of honor killings in Kohistan-- a region notorious for the practice in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, the region’s top police officer said on Saturday.
According to Human Rights Watch, about 1,000 women are killed in Pakistan each year by family members over perceived damage to “honor.” This can involve fraternizing with men, eloping or any other breach of conservative values that govern women’s modesty in the country.
Earlier this year, when Deputy Inspector General (DIG) of Police Hazara region, Qazi Jamil-ur-Rehman, was posted as police chief for the region, he was surprised to discover a majority of the criminal cases on his roster were registered under ‘honor killings.’
In June, the police chief delegated three of his district level police officers to gather their manpower and reach out to some of the region’s most influential religious clerics and local elders-- who often have final say in meting out justice in the patriarchal tribal communities of Kohistan.
Wearing face masks and sitting a few feet apart in an attempt to stay in line with coronavirus protocols, these ‘corner meetings’ between police and clerics are slated to kick off into a full-fledged anti-honor killings’ campaign in the district next month-- and mosques will be the ultimate platform to get the word out.
“We are holding corner meetings with all stakeholders to build consensus against the practice. We are getting an overwhelming response,” Rehman told Arab News.
“Soon after securing the support of clerics and elders, senior police officers in Kohistan district will swing into action to eliminate honor killings in the region,” he said.




District Police Officer (DPO) Kohistan Muhammad Suleman meets with religious leaders, seeking their support for a police campaign against honor killings in Kohistan on June 9, 2020. (Photo courtesy: Kohistan police)

The plan so far is simple: Police officers will hold meetings with various social leaders for a month, following which mosques will include sermons against the practice of honor killings every Friday during weekly congregational prayers. This will be proceeded by an effective police crackdown on honor killings.
An influential religious leader in Kohistan district, Maulana Ahmad Ali, said he was fully on board with the police chief’s campaign.
“We will educate people from the pulpit of the mosque that killing anybody on mere suspicion is against the basic teachings of Islam,” Ali told Arab News.
“This is an un-Islamic and irrational trend,” he continued. “Honor related cases take place here, triggering a harsh response from the community without investigating or verifying ground realities.”
Kohistan has been notorious for its high rates of honor killings in the province, with one particularly high profile 2011 case that left five women and three men murdered in cold blood following a video of a man dancing at a wedding in front of women made rounds on the internet, in an apparent violation of local segregation customs.
According to the annual Human Rights Commission of Pakistan  report released in April this year, women in the country continue to bear the brunt of society’s fixation with ‘honor,’ with legislation on the killings doing little to deter perpetrators so far.
Women’s rights experts say the enforcement of justice meted out is lax, with proceedings often drawn out while accused killers are freed on bail and cases fade away.
Huma Khan, a monitoring and evaluation coordinator at an acclaimed non-profit, Acid Survivors Foundation (ASF), said that despite the police’s commendable initiative in Kohistan, there remained a dire need for reform within the country’s criminal justice system.
“Since last February, almost 20 cases of honor killings have been reported to ASF,” Khan said.
District Police Officer for Lower Kohistan, Muhammad Suleman, told Arab News that his district had been haunted by the practice of honor killings for years, with 59 cases registered with police under the banner of honor in the last five years.
“I have had fruitful meetings with religious leaders who have assured us of their support. I have asked them to convey our anti-honor killings’ message at the grassroots level during Friday congregations,” Suleman said.
Human rights activists are also taking note of the police’s efforts in Kohistan’s remote northern towns.
Samar Minallah Khan, a documentary film-maker and activist, said the campaign was a source of encouragement for women in entirely male-dominated communities.
“The campaign should focus on changing the public mindset. The role of religious leaders and police will help banish these kinds of evils from society. I think, this campaign needs to be extended to the rest of the remote districts,” she said.
Under Kohistan’s ultra-conservative tribal norms, women are not permitted to venture outside of their homes without being chaperoned by a male relative. They are often denied their most basic rights of marriage and inheritance, and feuds are settled outside of courts.
Muhammad Zakaria, a local elder in Kohistan, said he was hopeful the police campaign would minimize rates of honor killings and religious leaders could stamp out the ‘evil practice.’
Currently, he added, many felt proud killing relatives for honor, and often promoted the murderous practice as a family duty.


US president Biden pushes Pakistan for ‘support’ as he announces Afghan exit

Updated 9 min 19 sec ago

US president Biden pushes Pakistan for ‘support’ as he announces Afghan exit

  • President Joe Biden plans to withdraw the remaining 2,500 US troops from Afghanistan by September 11
  • Says will ask countries in the region to support Afghanistan, especially Pakistan, Russia, China, India and Turkey

ISLAMABAD: US Pre­sident Joe Biden warned the Taliban on Wednesday he would hold them accountable in Afghanistan after the exit of United States troops, and pressed nations, including Pakistan, to play a supportive role.
President Joe Biden plans to withdraw the remaining 2,500 US troops from Afghanistan by September 11, 2021, 20 years to the day after the Al-Qaeda attacks that triggered America’s longest war.
The disclosure of the plan came on the same day that the US intelligence community released a gloomy outlook for Afghanistan, forecasting “low” chances of a peace deal this year and warning that its government would struggle to hold the Taliban insurgency at bay if the US-led coalition withdrew support.
Biden’s decision would miss a May 1 deadline for withdrawal agreed to with the Taliban by his predecessor Donald Trump. The insurgents had threatened to resume hostilities against foreign troops if that deadline was missed. But Biden would still be setting a near-term withdrawal date, potentially allaying Taliban concerns.
“We will hold the Taliban accountable for its commitment not to allow any terrorists to threaten the US or its allies from Afghan soil. The Afghan government has made that commitment to us as well,” Biden said in a speech announcing the complete pullout of US troops before September 11. “We will ask other countries in the region to support Afghanistan, especially Pakistan, as well as Russia, China, India and Turkey.”
Notably not naming Iran, Biden said that the countries in the region “have a significant stake in the stable future” of Afghanistan.
On Wednesday, Pakistan army chief Qamar Javed Bajwa spoke to US Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken over the phone.
“During the conversation matters of mutual interest, regional security situation including latest developments in Afghan Peace Process and bilateral cooperation in various fields were discussed,” the Pakistani military’s media wing said in a statement.
Bajwa reiterated Pakistan’s support for an Afghan led and Afghan-owned peace process “based on mutual consensus of all stakeholders.”


India, Pakistan held ‘secret talks’ to try to break Kashmir impasse 

Updated 6 min 11 sec ago

India, Pakistan held ‘secret talks’ to try to break Kashmir impasse 

  • Top intelligence officers from India and Pakistan met in Dubai in January 
  • Back channel diplomacy is aimed at a modest roadmap to normalizing ties over the next several months

NEW DELHI: Top intelligence officers from India and Pakistan held secret talks in Dubai in January in a new effort to calm military tension over the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, people with close knowledge of the matter told Reuters in Delhi.
Ties between the nuclear-armed rivals have been on ice since a suicide bombing of an Indian military convoy in Kashmir in 2019 traced to Pakistan-based militants that led to India sending warplanes to Pakistan.
Later that year, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi withdrew Indian-ruled Kashmir’s autonomy in order to tighten his grip over the territory, provoking outrage in Pakistan and the downgrading of diplomatic ties and suspension of bilateral trade.
But the two governments have re-opened a back channel of diplomacy aimed at a modest roadmap to normalizing ties over the next several months, the people said.
Kashmir has long been a flashpoint between India and Pakistan, both of which claim all of the region but rule only in part.
Officials from India’s Research and Analysis Wing, the external spy agency, and Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence traveled to Dubai for a meeting facilitated by the United Arab Emirates government, two people said.
The Indian foreign ministry did not respond to a request for comment. Pakistan’s military, which controls the ISI, also did not respond.
But Ayesha Siddiqa, a top Pakistani defense analyst, said she believed Indian and Pakistan intelligence officials had been meeting for several months in third countries.
“I think there have been meetings in Thailand, in Dubai, in London between the highest level people,” she said.

’IT IS FRAUGHT’
Such meetings have taken place in the past too, especially during times of crises but never been publicly acknowledged.
“There is a lot that can still go wrong, it is fraught,” said one of the people in Delhi. “That is why nobody is talking it up in public, we don’t even have a name for this, it’s not a peace process. You can call it a re-engagement,” one of them said.
Both countries have reasons to seek a rapprochement. India has been locked in a border stand-off with China since last year and does not want the military stretched on the Pakistan front.
China-ally Pakistan, mired in economic difficulties and on an IMF bailout program, can ill-afford heightened tensions on the Kashmir border for a prolonged period, experts say. It also has to stabilize the Afghan border on its west as the United States withdraws.
“It’s better for India and Pakistan to talk than not talk, and even better that it should be done quietly than in a glare of publicity,” said Myra MacDonald, a former Reuters journalist who has just published a book on India, Pakistan and war on the frontiers of Kashmir.
.”..But I don’t see it going very far beyond a basic management of tensions, possibly to tide both countries over a difficult period — Pakistan needs to address the fall-out of the US withdrawal from Afghanistan, while India has to confront a far more volatile situation on its disputed frontier with China.”

DIALLING DOWN THE RHETORIC
Following the January meeting, India and Pakistan announced they would stop cross-border shooting along the Line of Control (LoC) dividing Kashmir which has left dozens of civilians dead and many others maimed. That cease-fire is holding, military officials in both countries said.
Both sides have also signalled plans to hold elections on their sides of Kashmir this year as part of efforts to bring normalcy to a region riven by decades of bloodshed.
The two have also agreed to dial down their rhetoric, the people Reuters spoke to said.
This would include Pakistan dropping its loud objections to Modi abrogating Kashmir’s autonomy in August 2019, while Delhi in turn would refrain from blaming Pakistan for all violence on its side of the Line of Control.
These details have not been previously reported. India has long blamed Pakistan for the revolt in Kashmir, an allegation denied by Pakistan.
“There is a recognition there will be attacks inside Kashmir, there has been discussions as to how to deal with it and not let this effort derailed by the next attack,” one of the people said.
There is as yet, however, no grand plan to resolve the 74-year-old Kashmir dispute. Rather both sides are trying to reduce tensions to pave the way for a broad engagement, all the people Reuters spoke to said.
“Pakistan is transiting from a geo-strategic domain to a geo-economic domain,” Raoof Hasan, special assistant to Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, told Reuters.
“Peace, both within and around with its neighbors, is a key constituent to facilitate that.” 


India, Pakistan held ‘secret talks’ to try to break Kashmir impasse 

Updated 14 April 2021

India, Pakistan held ‘secret talks’ to try to break Kashmir impasse 

  • Top intelligence officers from India and Pakistan met in Dubai in January 
  • Back channel diplomacy is aimed at a modest roadmap to normalizing ties over the next several months

NEW DELHI: Top intelligence officers from India and Pakistan held secret talks in Dubai in January in a new effort to calm military tension over the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, people with close knowledge of the matter told Reuters in Delhi.
Ties between the nuclear-armed rivals have been on ice since a suicide bombing of an Indian military convoy in Kashmir in 2019 traced to Pakistan-based militants that led to India sending warplanes to Pakistan.
Later that year, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi withdrew Indian-ruled Kashmir’s autonomy in order to tighten his grip over the territory, provoking outrage in Pakistan and the downgrading of diplomatic ties and suspension of bilateral trade.
But the two governments have re-opened a back channel of diplomacy aimed at a modest roadmap to normalizing ties over the next several months, the people said.
Kashmir has long been a flashpoint between India and Pakistan, both of which claim all of the region but rule only in part.
Officials from India’s Research and Analysis Wing, the external spy agency, and Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence traveled to Dubai for a meeting facilitated by the United Arab Emirates government, two people said.
The Indian foreign ministry did not respond to a request for comment. Pakistan’s military, which controls the ISI, also did not respond.
But Ayesha Siddiqa, a top Pakistani defense analyst, said she believed Indian and Pakistan intelligence officials had been meeting for several months in third countries.
“I think there have been meetings in Thailand, in Dubai, in London between the highest level people,” she said.

’IT IS FRAUGHT’
Such meetings have taken place in the past too, especially during times of crises but never been publicly acknowledged.
“There is a lot that can still go wrong, it is fraught,” said one of the people in Delhi. “That is why nobody is talking it up in public, we don’t even have a name for this, it’s not a peace process. You can call it a re-engagement,” one of them said.
Both countries have reasons to seek a rapprochement. India has been locked in a border stand-off with China since last year and does not want the military stretched on the Pakistan front.
China-ally Pakistan, mired in economic difficulties and on an IMF bailout program, can ill-afford heightened tensions on the Kashmir border for a prolonged period, experts say. It also has to stabilize the Afghan border on its west as the United States withdraws.
“It’s better for India and Pakistan to talk than not talk, and even better that it should be done quietly than in a glare of publicity,” said Myra MacDonald, a former Reuters journalist who has just published a book on India, Pakistan and war on the frontiers of Kashmir.
.”..But I don’t see it going very far beyond a basic management of tensions, possibly to tide both countries over a difficult period — Pakistan needs to address the fall-out of the US withdrawal from Afghanistan, while India has to confront a far more volatile situation on its disputed frontier with China.”

DIALLING DOWN THE RHETORIC
Following the January meeting, India and Pakistan announced they would stop cross-border shooting along the Line of Control (LoC) dividing Kashmir which has left dozens of civilians dead and many others maimed. That cease-fire is holding, military officials in both countries said.
Both sides have also signalled plans to hold elections on their sides of Kashmir this year as part of efforts to bring normalcy to a region riven by decades of bloodshed.
The two have also agreed to dial down their rhetoric, the people Reuters spoke to said.
This would include Pakistan dropping its loud objections to Modi abrogating Kashmir’s autonomy in August 2019, while Delhi in turn would refrain from blaming Pakistan for all violence on its side of the Line of Control.
These details have not been previously reported. India has long blamed Pakistan for the revolt in Kashmir, an allegation denied by Pakistan.
“There is a recognition there will be attacks inside Kashmir, there has been discussions as to how to deal with it and not let this effort derailed by the next attack,” one of the people said.
There is as yet, however, no grand plan to resolve the 74-year-old Kashmir dispute. Rather both sides are trying to reduce tensions to pave the way for a broad engagement, all the people Reuters spoke to said.
“Pakistan is transiting from a geo-strategic domain to a geo-economic domain,” Raoof Hasan, special assistant to Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, told Reuters.
“Peace, both within and around with its neighbors, is a key constituent to facilitate that.” 


Babar hits 122 as Pakistan defeat South Africa by nine wickets

Updated 14 April 2021

Babar hits 122 as Pakistan defeat South Africa by nine wickets

  • He aslo dethroned Virat Kohli as the world’s top batsman in one-day cricket
  • Pakistan took a 2-1 lead in the four-match series

Centurion, South Africa: Pakistan captain Babar Azam gave a batting masterclass to lead Pakistan to a nine-wicket win in the third Twenty20 international against South Africa at SuperSport Park in Centurion on Wednesday.

Babar hit 122, his first T20 international century, as Pakistan chased down a challenging target of 204 with two overs to spare.

Babar, who earlier Wednesday dethroned Indian maestro Virat Kohli as the world’s top batsman in one-day cricket, hit 15 fours and four sixes in an exhibition of superb timing and placement before he was out with only seven runs needed.

Mohammad Rizwan scored an unbeaten 73 in a Pakistan record first wicket partnership of 197.

Pakistan took a 2-1 lead in the four-match series.


Pakistan bowl in third T20 international against South Africa 

Updated 14 April 2021

Pakistan bowl in third T20 international against South Africa 

  • Batsman Fakhar Zaman recovered from illness and is back on the pitch
  • The four-match series is tied at 1-1 

Centurion, South Africa: Pakistan won the toss and decided to bowl in the third Twenty20 international against South Africa at SuperSport Park in Centurion on Wednesday.
The four-match series is tied at 1-1.
Leading batsman Rassie van der Dussen had recovered from a quad muscle injury and replaced the inexperienced Wihan Lubbe that won the second match in Johannesburg by six wickets on Monday.
Pakistan made three changes. Hard-hitting batsman Fakhar Zaman had recovered from illness and replaced Sharjeel Khan, while batsman Asif Ali came in for leg-spinner Usman Qadir in what captain Babar Azam said was a move to strengthen the middle-order batting.
Haris Rauf replaced fellow fast bowler Mohammad Hasnain.
South African captain Heinrich Klaasen said he would also have chosen to bowl if he had won the toss.
“It looks a good wicket. If there is anything in it, it will be up front,” he said.