ADB to invest $2 billion in Pakistan’s energy sector

In this file photo, pedestrians walk past a logo of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) displayed outside its headquarters in Manila on Sept. 2, 2010. (AFP)
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Updated 12 December 2019

ADB to invest $2 billion in Pakistan’s energy sector

  • Pakistan’s energy sector is facing a cash shortfall of Rs12 billion per month, down from Rs39 billion
  • ADB is interested in facilitating technical studies for gas storage facilities

KARACHI: The Asian Development Bank (ADB) plans to invest $2 billion in Pakistan’s energy sector within the next three years, as the South Asian nation’s power supply chain is paralyzed by Rs12 billion a month in circular debt, the Ministry of Energy said in a statement.
After a Wednesday meeting with Energy Minister Omar Ayub Khan and Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Petroleum Nadeem Babar, the ADB’s team, headed by its director for Central and West Asia, Werner Liepach, also expressed interest in facilitating technical studies for gas storage, as Pakistan is facing a gas deficit.
The Asian lender this week released $1 billion to shore up Pakistan’s public finances and help strengthen its slowing economy, while another $300 million were released to help the government address financial sustainability, governance, and energy infrastructure policy constraints in the energy sector.
In July, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved a three-year $6 billion extended fund facility (EFF) to finance the government’s economic reform program that aims to put Pakistan’s economy on the path of sustainable and inclusive growth. The bailout program is expected to catalyze at least $38 billion in financing from Pakistan’s development partners.
The ADB, Pakistan’s top energy sector partner with a $2.1 billion portfolio discussed energy sector projects with the ministry’s Power Division, and it was decided that a comprehensive portfolio review meeting will be held by the end of this month.
The ADB team was apprised of the New Renewable Energy Policy, which will be placed before Pakistan’s Council of Common Interest (CCI) in its scheduled meeting by the end of the month. The team was briefed on various steps that have been undertaken to boost the efficiency of the system and campaign against power theft, the ministry’s statement said, adding that the government’s circular debt capping plan has reduced the debt’s growth from Rs39 billion a month to Rs12 billion. 
On Dec. 6, Liepach observed that Pakistan’s “is a longstanding chronic issue ailing the country’s power sector.”
“A comprehensive and realistic Circular Debt Reduction Plan, assisted by ADB in close coordination with other development partners, is the cornerstone of this subprogram. The plan aims to drastically cut the new flows of circular debt and provides policy directions on addressing accumulated circular debt,” he said.

At Davos, innovative products point to a sustainable future

Updated 24 January 2020

At Davos, innovative products point to a sustainable future

  • A single tree that to bear 40 different types of apple

DAVOS: The World Economic Forum is not all about the fourth industrial revolution or the rise of AI.

You can also find all manner of strange and intriguing products on display from biodegradable plastic made from algae to wallpaper made from recycled corn husks.

One stand titled “How do you design a tree?” is part of a conservation effort where a single tree is designed to bear 40 different types of apple.

Another stand displays colored seaweed on a rack, showing how clothes can be dyed in a sustainable, non-chemically corrosive manner.

Propped along a large wall is Fernando Laposse’s wallpaper made of variations of purple corn husks that are reinforced with recycled cardboard and cork to create wallpaper and furniture. The husks come from corn that needs very little water and can be grown in the desert, which makes it all the more sustainable.

“This initiative helps the local economy as it brings in jobs and a resurgence of crafts and food traditions while also ensuring sustainability,” Laposse said.

Another display shows a machine that extracts pellets from a mixture of algae and starch and is used to create a thread that is the base of 3D printing. These sustainable, biodegradable plastics made from algae are being experimented with in different regions.

With the rise of deep fakes — a branch of synthetic media in which a person in an existing image or video is replaced with someone else’s likeness — another stand delivers a warning on the looming dangers of unregulated software.

The Davos forum prides itself on its sustainability, and key topics have included climate, mobility, energy and the circular economy. Everything is recyclable, and participants must download an application in order to keep up with the program and any changes — a move to cut down on paper waste.