Ex-PM Khan’s anti-government march enters Islamabad after daylong struggle

Pakistan's former prime minister Imran Khan, waves to supporters during a protest rally in Attock, Pakistan, on May 25, 2022. (AFP)
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Updated 26 May 2022

Ex-PM Khan’s anti-government march enters Islamabad after daylong struggle

  • Negotiations between government and Khan’s party could not take place despite court orders
  • Police say Khan supporters burnt trees, metro station near the business hub of the city

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan’s former prime minister Imran Khan and his convoy of vehicles and supporters entered the federal capital on Wednesday night to hold an anti-government rally after a long day of political drama that included clashes between demonstrators and police, and the arrests of hundreds of Khan supporters across the country.

Khan’s caravan was close to Islamabad when he called on his supporters to reach the D-Chowk protest spot near the country’s parliament building and other sensitive government installations, saying he would stay there until the assemblies were dissolved and an election date was announced.

Khan was removed from office in a vote of no-confidence last month after losing his majority in parliament. Subsequently, he held several public rallies across the country saying his ouster was part of a Washington-backed foreign conspiracy while refusing to recognize the new government of Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif. The US has denied the allegations.

“Public welcome on entering Islamabad,” Khan’s close aide Shahbaz Gill said in a Twitter post while sharing a video clip of fireworks.

Khan started his anti-government march from Peshawar on Wednesday morning while the government blocked all roads leading to the federal capital and was rounding up workers and supporters of Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party.

The Supreme Court of Pakistan ordered the government to designate a ground near the H-9 sector in Islamabad for the PTI protest rally while hearing a petition for the removal of road blocks in the city. It also ordered authorities not to arrest political workers and hold consultations with a PTI committee to discuss the modalities of their protest in the federal capital.

Videos shot by an Arab News reporter on Wednesday evening showed thousands of Khan supporters walking down the capital’s Blue Area business zone toward D-Chowk while police fired tear gas at, and baton charged, them. Supporters had lit fires all the way down the road to D-Chowk in an apparent bid to neutralize the effects of the tear gas but Islamabad police said on Twitter they had set fire to trees and vehicles.

“Police called the fire brigade. Some places were set on fire while the protesters again set the trees on the Express Chowk,” police said. “Security in the Red Zone has been beefed up,” police added, referring to an area in Islamabad where government, judiciary and legislature buildings are located.

Video clips on social media platforms also showed a burning metro station in the city surrounded by hundreds of PTI supporters.




Supporters of Pakistan's former prime minister Imran Khan, take part in a protest rally amid tear gas smoke in front of the parliament building in Islamabad on May 25, 2022. (AFP)

According to the head of the government’s negotiating team, Ayaz Sadiq, talks could not be held with members of Khan’s political party since they did not show up at the designated place at the stipulated time.

“If we do not implement the directives of the Supreme Court, it will be seen as contempt be of court,” he said. “Now that we have implemented the order, you can see what is happening.”




Police use tear gas to disperse supporters of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party of ousted prime minister Imran Khan during a protest in Lahore on May 23, 2022. (AFP)

He said the top court should take action against what was happening in the city.

“Despite the Supreme Court’s directives, Imran Khan has been asking his supporters to reach D-Chowk,” he said. “In light of the apex court’s ruling, the government removed containers and opened the roads and because of that these people have reached D-Chowk and Red Zone.”

Khan had said earlier in the day there was no possibility of a deal with the government on calling off or limiting the rally.

“We are moving toward Islamabad & no question of any deal. We will remain in Islamabad till announcement of dates for dissolution of assemblies & elections are given.”

“God willing we have to reach D-Chowk Islamabad, no hurdle can stop us,” Khan said in an address to supporters in Swabi en route Islamabad.

CLASHES, ROAD BLOCKS, ARRESTS

Videos circulating on social media and broadcast on local TV channels early in the day showed police clashing with protesters in Lahore and Islamabad, with Punjab police using tear gas on demonstrators in Lahore and baton charging them in the capital. 

PTI supporters and police also clashed in Gujranwala when the latter tried to stop protesters with barricades but the marchers forced their way through the obstructions.

According to PTI’s Gujranwala General Secretary Tariq Gujjar, 150 people from the caravan had been taken into custody.

Clashes were reported in Karachi as well in which at least two video journalists were injured.

All major roads linking the Punjab province with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa from where Khan started his march were blocked with barricades. Police and district officials blocked the GT Road highway with shipping containers over the Attock Khurd Bridge which marks the border between Punjab and KP. Media reported intense tear gas shelling on the bridge by anti-riot police in the late afternoon on Wednesday.

The motorway M1 connecting the two provinces was also blocked off and other motorways traversing Punjab, including M2, were blocked at several places.

Section 144, which bans large public gatherings, was imposed on Tuesday in Lahore, the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad and Karachi, as well as other major cities in the country, while the Punjab government has called in the paramilitary Rangers to keep law and order.

Former Education Minister Shafqat Mahmood from Khan’s PTI said police had raided his house in the early morning hours of Wednesday.

“Police barged into my house without a warrant while I was not there. Do they really think these tactics would intimidate us?”

Meanwhile, PTI Senator Ejaz Chaudhary was arrested after the Punjab government said weapons were recovered from the vehicles of PTI’s Lahore office bearers.

An admin for Chaudhry’s account tweeted:

A number of other PTI office bearers were also arrested.


Pakistan's ousted prime minister announces campaign for media freedom from next week

Updated 14 August 2022

Pakistan's ousted prime minister announces campaign for media freedom from next week

  • Imran Khan says journalists disseminating his party narrative have been targeted by government
  • Khan maintains Pakistan will return to 'dark days of dictatorship' without freedom of expression

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan's former prime minister Imran Khan on Sunday announced to launch a public campaign for media freedom next week, saying the government was cracking down against journalists and media houses which were disseminating his party's narrative among people.
Khan was ousted from power in a no-confidence vote in April after losing his parliamentary majority. Since then, he has repeatedly said his administration was brought down by the United States in connivance with his political rivals since he was pursuing an independent foreign policy.
The allegation has been denied by Pakistani and American officials.
Senior members of Khan's Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party have also expressed concern more recently after a private television channel, ARY News, was reprimanded by the country's media regulator for broadcasting a segment with a PTI leader which was described as "seditious" by officials.
"I want to warn our nation of an unprecedented crackdown campaign by Imported [government] & State machinery against media houses & journalists who are carrying PTI & my narrative to the public," Khan said in a Twitter post.
"In my mass public campaign across [Pakistan] from next week, I will take up issue of media freedom & freedom of expression," he continued. "If we allow these terror tactics, designed simply to target PTI & myself, to succeed, then we will be returning to the dark days of dictatorship when there was no independent media & no room for freedom of expression."
Khan named several journalists, most of them viewed as pro-PTI, in his social media posts, saying they had to face threats, violent attacks and arrests due to their reporting and analyses.
He added real independence could not "be achieved without a free media & freedom of speech as guaranteed in our Constitution."

 

ARY News was taken off air in several cities of Pakistan last week after Khan's chief of staff, Dr. Shehbaz Gill, said military personnel should not follow the commands of their top officials if they were "against the sentiments of the masses."
The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) issued a show-cause notice to the channel, saying Gill's comments amounted to inciting mutiny within the army.
The channel's top management told Arab News on Friday its no-objection certificate had been revoked suddenly and unilaterally.
"What crime have we committed," its owner Salman Iqbal asked. "We are being punished for a statement by a politician which we have already disowned. But such stern action after a clarification shows that the government has made its mind to silence a critical voice."
The PTI chairman's Twitter posts also mentioned two ARY journalists who decided to leave the country after the Shahbaz Gill episode.
Khan's own administration was criticized for not upholding media freedom in the country since journalists critical of his government's policies were attacked or abducted on his watch.


One killed, 23 wounded in Karachi as people resort to aerial firing on Independence Day

Updated 14 August 2022

One killed, 23 wounded in Karachi as people resort to aerial firing on Independence Day

  • Celebratory gunfire is not uncommon in Pakistan where the practice has claimed lives on several occasions
  • Aerial firing is unlawful in the country, though it is not always possible to implement the rule across Pakistan

ISLAMABAD: One man was killed and 23 others wounded in aerial firing in Pakistan's southern port city of Karachi, reported the local media on Sunday, as people started celebrating the country's Independence Day on August 14.

Aerial firing is not uncommon in Pakistan on joyous occasions where the practice has claimed lives on several occasions in the past.

Celebratory gunfire is also unlawful, though it is not always possible for the police and other state institutions to implement the rule across the country.

"As the clock struck 12 on the night between August 13 and 14, the city of Karachi erupted into Independence Day celebrations," Samaa, a local news network, reported. "However, some people resorted to aerial gunfire and left one person dead and another 23 wounded."

The local news outlet said the dead and the wounded included people of all ages, adding these individuals were moved to the main hospitals of the city after receiving gunshot wounds.

"Nek Mohamad, 50, was killed near Teen Talwar Underpass by celebratory gunfire." Samaa said.

In an unusual warning, Pakistan Air Force told people earlier this month not to indulge in the practice since it could damage its aircraft.

"Aerial firing during wedding ceremonies and joyous festivals like the independence day not only causes loss of human lives but also sometimes harm the aircraft, which can cause significant damage to the defence capability of the country," it said in a statement.

PAF also noted that aerial firing was a punishable offence, adding that as patriotic citizens it was everyone's duty to avoid it.


Two Pakistani soldiers killed in militant attack in Balochistan

Updated 14 August 2022

Two Pakistani soldiers killed in militant attack in Balochistan

  • Military says it will thwart any attempt to sabotage peace, stability and progress of the province
  • The soldiers lost their lives after a group of militants raided a security post in the volatile region

ISLAMABAD: Two Pakistani soldiers lost their lives and an officer was injured in an exchange of fire with militants in Khost, a small town in southwestern Balochistan province, an official statement released by the military’s media wing, ISPR, said on Sunday.

The sparsely populated province of Balochistan, which borders Iran and Afghanistan, has witnessed low-intensity insurgency for decades.

The government has launched full-scale military operations and carried out targeted interventions in the past to quell the separatist violence.

According to the ISPR, the latest incident took place in the early hours of Sunday after a group of militants raided a security post in the region.

“Having successfully repulsed the distant fire raid, the escaping terrorists were pursued into the nearby mountains,” the official statement said. “As a follow up, during an encircling effort to cut off fleeing terrorists, a heavy exchange of fire took place between [the] terrorists and a security forces' patrol as well. During the skirmish, two valiant sons of soil, Naik Atif and Sepoy Qayyum embraced Shahadat [martyrdom] besides Major Umer who got injured while causing losses to the terrorists.”

The ISPR maintained the security forces were determined to thwart any attempt to sabotage peace, stability and progress of Balochistan.

Earlier this month, an army aviation helicopter, with a top military commander, crashed in the province.

Hours after its wreckage was found, Baloch separatists said they had shot down the helicopter, though they could not provide any evidence to substantiate the claim.

A senior military official dismissed their statement as propaganda, saying the helicopter had crashed due to bad weather.


Nearly seven decades after first rendition, 155 singers come together to re-record Pakistan's national anthem

Updated 14 August 2022

Nearly seven decades after first rendition, 155 singers come together to re-record Pakistan's national anthem

  • Pakistan’s national anthem, penned by poet Hafiz Jalandhri, was first released in 1954
  • Government invited proposals from musicians in 2017 to re-record national anthem

KARACHI: After nearly seven decades, the government released a re-recorded version of Pakistan’s national anthem on Sunday, sung by 155 singers from various parts of the country.  

Composed by musician Ahmad G. Chaggla in 1949 and penned by legendary poet Hafiz Jalandhri in 1952, Pakistan’s original national anthem was first released on August 13, 1954.   

 

 

The anthem speaks of submission to the Almighty and features prayers for Pakistan’s continued prosperity and encourages brotherhood among its citizens. Since 1954, the official national anthem had not been re-recorded, until now.

 

 

“This never happened before in 68 years,” Senator Javed Jabbar, chairman of the Steering Committee for the Re-Recording of the National Anthem, told Arab News.  “It was the first time that an initiative was taken to invite participation on an equitable level across all provinces, regions, religions and genders,” he added.   

With major developments in music technology and the emergence of new singing talents across the country, Jabbar said it was only right to represent the entire population and not only 11 voices for a re-recorded national anthem.   

Jabbar said the steering committee went all out to ensure the anthem was an inclusive one.   

“To make the re-recorded anthem inclusive, all aspects such as regional, linguistic, cultural, and gender diversity were taken into account,” he said. “The anthem features both full-time professional singers as well as people who are gifted vocalists but not necessarily well known.”   

To re-record the national anthem, Jabbar said he enlisted the services of some big names in Pakistan’s music industry, such as Arshad Mahmud, Rohail Hyatt and Ustad Nafees Ahmed.   

This isn’t the first attempt to re-record the national anthem, though. The initiative was first taken in 2017 before the Pakistani military proposed to the information ministry to undertake the project in January last year.  

The ministry issued a letter to release advertisements in both English and Urdu newspapers on August 19, 2017, when the idea was initially discussed.   

“Musicians and filmmakers are invited to send their technical and financial proposals for redoing the National Anthem’s Audio and Video Recording in the highest possible production standards,” read the official advertisement.   

“The Qaumi Tarana (national anthem) which was recorded with a symphonic orchestra of 32 hands is to be recorded in orchestral as well as vocal/choir versions using the latest electronic instruments,” it read.   

Jabbar said a fair representation of various communities in Pakistan was ensured while constituting the committee, which also included non-Muslim members. “Finally, in June 2021, the cabinet formally decided, for the first time, to set up a steering committee,” Jabbar said. 

A total of 155 vocalists were selected to re-record the national anthem. Some of these singers rehearsed at the National Academy of Performing Arts (NAPA) in Pakistan’s southern port city of Karachi for weeks while 125 singers, representing all provinces and regions in Pakistan, were gathered in Islamabad to re-record the national anthem.  

“This was something greater and bigger in the sense that everybody I met over there did not feel like leaving the auditorium we were recording [the anthem] in,” Haroon Shahid, Pakistani singer and actor, told Arab News. Haroon is from Lahore and is one of the singers who lent their voices to the national anthem.  

 

 

For Bilal Ali, a musician from Kashmir who performs with his own band, the experience was “surreal and therapeutic.”   

Natasha Humera Ejaz, from Islamabad, narrated her experience of rehearsing the national anthem with a group of singers for two days.   

“We all were at the Pak-China Friendship Center and it was a wonderful spirit, lovely energy,” she said.   

 

 

 

Forty-eight musicians from Pakistan’s armed forces played musical instruments for the re-recorded version of the anthem while the entire process to release the track took 13 months.  

“When Baloch [people], Sindhis and Pathans come together, it’s sheer happiness,” Abid Brohi, a Baloch rapper, said. “We usually don’t get this exposure, so being a Baloch I am fortunate and proud to be a part of [the initiative].”  

 

 


Sartaj Aziz: Jinnah’s ‘selfless soldier’ with a front-row seat to Pakistani democracy, history

Updated 14 August 2022

Sartaj Aziz: Jinnah’s ‘selfless soldier’ with a front-row seat to Pakistani democracy, history

  • Says prevalence of “military-managed system,” politicians providing civilian facade to army rule a major failure of Pakistani history
  • Due to participation in campaign for 1946 elections, Jinnah awarded Aziz the Mujahid-e-Pakistan (Soldier of Pakstan) certificate

ISLAMABAD: Sartaj Aziz, a veteran politician, bureaucrat and longtime observer of the vicissitudes of Pakistani history, said on the eve of the 75th anniversary of the country’s birth, that a major failure of the new nation’s democratic transition was the prevalence of a “military-managed system” in which political leaders had willingly provided a civilian facade to army rule.

Since its birth in 1947, Pakistan has spent several decades under military rule: 1958 – 1971, 1977 – 1988, 1999 – 2008. And even when the army has not ruled directly, it has retained an outsized role in the country’s politics, foreign policy and national security.

Aziz, 93, passionately championed the cause of Pakistan as a student activist and was part of the election campaign for India’s 1946 provincial polls, which were won by the All-India Muslim League and are believed to have laid the path to Pakistan’s independence.

“Pakistan was created through a democratic process because of the vote that we won in 1946, but unfortunately, we could not sustain the democratic process,” Aziz, who has a storied career as a civil servant and politician, told Arab News in an interview earlier this month.

Veteran politician Sartaj Aziz speaks to Arab News in Islamabad on August 4, 2022. (AN Photo)

“The first general election took place 23 years after Pakistan was born in 1970 … in the first 28 years, there were only five years of civilian rule,” the former head of the planning commission and an ex-national security adviser said. “That is our main structural fault, that we have not been able to sustain democracy.”

Aziz lamented that political leaders in Pakistan were a “product of a military-managed system” and had provided the army a “civilian facade.”

“Obviously when you don’t have democratic institutions working, then the political parties or the political process does not take root,” the nonagenarian said, adding that no civilian prime minister or government had been able to complete its tenure in a “military-managed system” and Pakistan’s economic potential was subsequently “sacrificed.”

A picture taken on August 4, 2022 in Islamabad, Pakistan, shows a framed group photo of Islamia College Lahore students with Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. (AN Photo)

Another problem was a leadership vacuum in the country’s early years, including that the nation’s founder and first governor general Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah died a year after independence and Liaquat Ali Khan, the first prime minister, was assassinated in 1951.

“So, India made their constitution in 1950 but we could not agree on certain basic issues — how much provincial autonomy, parliamentary system or presidential system, and what’s the role of Islam — and it took us several years and in 1956 we got the first constitution,” Aziz said.

A picture taken on August 4, 2022 in Islamabad, Pakistan, shows a framed photo of a young Sartaj Aziz (left) is receiving Mujahid-e-Pakistan award from Pakistani founder Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (right) in 1946. (AN Photo)

But in 1958, President Iskander Mirza declared martial law in Pakistan and abrogated the constitution of 1956. In March 1969, General Yahya Khan took over from Ayub Khan.

General elections were held in December 1970, with Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto winning in West Pakistan and the Awami League taking nearly all seats in East Pakistan, giving it an overall majority. However, Yahya and Bhutto refused to allow the Awami League to form a government and subsequently in December 1971, India and Pakistan fought a war over East Pakistan, leading to the creation of Bangladesh.

Yahya then handed power over to Bhutto, who took over as prime minister in 1973. In 1977, another military official, Army chief General Zia-ul-Haq, seized power and Bhutto was hanged two years later on a disputed conviction for conspiring to commit a political murder.

“Bhutto’s hanging was a very big mistake … Zia-ul-Haq obviously knew that if Bhutto survived then he can’t survive,” Aziz said, counting off what he considered some of the major failures of Pakistani history. “And the judiciary also admitted later on that it was a biased decision.”

Another blunder was Pakistan’s support for the Afghan resistance after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979.

“That also is a question mark as to should we have done that or should we have not done that because we are still suffering from its consequences,” Aziz said, referring to Pakistan’s decades-old problem of militancy, which is believed to be a by-product of the Afghan war.

Speaking about the run-up to partition in 1947, Sartaj Aziz said the Pakistan movement was gaining steam when he joined Islamia College, Lahore, in 1944.

The new institute of learning had become a hub of politics and was frequently visited by Jinnah who wanted young students to help spread his demand for a separate Muslim homeland.

Veteran politician Sartaj Aziz speaks to Arab News in Islamabad on August 4, 2022. (AN Photo)

“He came to Lahore 15 times between 1937 and 1947 and 11 times he came to Islamia college in those 10 years,” Aziz, who became part of campaigning for Jinnah’s Muslim League in the 1946 provincial elections, said. “And I was lucky that three times out of those 11, I was present in the Islamia college.”

“The 1945-46 elections were very important because Quaid-e-Azam’s objective was to prove that All India Muslim League was the representative body of Indian Muslims,” Aziz added.

“We sent 1,250 students to different Punjab constituencies in the batches of 6, 8 and 10 to campaign for the Pakistan Muslim league. And as a result, we won almost 85 percent of the seats in Punjab and in the country, as a whole out of 484 seats, 87 percent of seats were won. So that election of 1946 proved that the All-India Muslim League was the true representative of Muslims.”

 

 

The victory led the path for Pakistan, Aziz said:

“After the 1946 elections, the British agreed that without dealing with the All-India Muslim league it will be difficult to find a solution.”

As a result of the successful election campaign, Jinnah awarded Aziz the Mujahid-e-Pakistan – or “Warrior of Pakistan” – certificate.

“Quaid-e-Azam said that you have received Mujahid-e-Pakistan, and now you become Memar-e-Pakistan, or builder of Pakistan, so that’s how I decided my future career.” Aziz said. “My father wanted me to become a lawyer but then I decided to become a development professional because Quaid-e-Azam wanted so. So, I went to Hailey College of Commerce, and my career was changed under Quaid-e-Azam’s instructions.”

“He [Jinnah] was very affectionate with the students and would sit on the grass with us,” Aziz recalled, smiling. “He had very informal contact with us and called us his selfless soldiers.”