In southern Pakistan, marginalized women seek empowerment through home ownership

Pummy Kohli stitches a cloth at her new house build under the Low-Cost Houses program in Tando Bago area, Badin district of Sindh province, southern Pakistan on April 18, 2022. (AN Photo/Zulfiqar Kunbhar)
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Updated 26 April 2022

In southern Pakistan, marginalized women seek empowerment through home ownership

  • Under government program, 16,000 women have already received homes in the poorest regions of Sindh province
  • Pakistan lacks 10 million housing units, 60 percent of which are needed for low-income families

BADIN, SINDH: Shabnam Pitafi has never lived in a place she could call her own and never dreamt that one day she would, until last month, when she received a brick house under a scheme to empower some of Pakistan’s poorest women.
The 30-year-old farmer comes from Tando Bago area in the Badin district of southern Sindh province, where the local government is helping poor rural women build homes with ownership rights.
The Low-Cost Houses (LHC) program was launched in the districts of Sukkur, Shikarpur, Kashmore and Jacobabad in 2009, and later extended also to Badin, Ghotki, Khairpur, Mirpurkhas, Sanghar, Thatta, Tharparkar and Umerkot.
The government pays each beneficiary Rs165,000 ($880) for the construction of a two-room brick home.
“This lifetime achievement of owning a house brings very special feelings to me and my family,” Pitafi told Arab News.
It also changed her status not only among the immediate, but also extended relative.
“Since I own a house now, I can influence my husband in decision-making,” she said. “I have planned a party this Eid and invited my parents and relatives.”
Authorities say the women selected for the housing program all fall under the “poorest of the poor” category.
Ninety-five percent of them work on farms, according to the Sindh Rural Support Organization, which implements the project.




Workers construct a brick house under the Low-Cost Houses program in Tando Bago area, Badin district of Sindh province, southern Pakistan on April 18, 2022. (AN Photo/Zulfiqar Kunbhar)

“For generations, most of these women were living along with their families at landlords’ lands or slums,” said Ghulam Rasool Samejo, the organization’s regional general manager.
To acquire land for construction — which costs around $430 — some of the women have sold their livestock, while some others were lucky to receive small plots from their employers. In Badin, 500 houses under the LCH program were built on land donated by 30 local landlords.
One of them was Ishrat Ali Pitafi, who gave a plot with ownership rights to a family that had worked for him for over a decade.
“This landless family has worked as farmers on my agricultural lands for 15 years,” he told Arab News. “I am glad that finally they will get a new house.”
Each of the houses built under the program has two rooms, a toilet, veranda and drainage.
For Pummy Kohli, this means security her family had not known before, as they used to live in a mud house on their landlord’s land in Tando Bego. The hut was regularly washed off by rains during the monsoon season.




A newly constructed house under the Low-Cost Houses program in Badin district of Sindh province, southern Pakistan on April 20, 2022. (Photo courtesy: Sindh Rural Support Organization)

“In the past, rains damaged my mud house, forcing me and my family to migrate,” the 35-year-old mother of five said. “Moving to a permanent place will benefit my children. It will ensure the continuity of their education and improve their health.”
So far, 16,000 houses have been built out of the 27,000 planned under the program, Pervez Ahmed Chandio, director general at the Sindh People’s Poverty Reduction, Planning and Development Department, told Arab News.
While lifechanging for thousands of families who otherwise might never have afforded this kind of security, it is still a drop in the ocean of needs in Pakistan, a country that lacks 10 million housing units — 60 percent of which are needed for low-income families.
“The government needs to increase the number of such houses. In a country which needs 10 million houses, provision of houses in thousands is not enough,” Dr. Kaiser Bengali, economist and former development adviser to the Sindh chief minister, told Arab News.
But he admitted that the program was already a “revolutionary step” and one that also improved women’s chances of earning, as having their own place they could start small businesses.
“This will work for women’s empowerment, as owning a house means a sense of security,” he told Arab News. “Nobody will throw the owner out of her house now.”


Experts, politicians sound alarm as audio leaks put Pakistan national security, PM house ‘at stake’

Updated 26 September 2022

Experts, politicians sound alarm as audio leaks put Pakistan national security, PM house ‘at stake’

  • Experts call for strict compliance with protocols as audio recordings of conversations between key officials leaked
  • Ruling party's Talal Chaudhary called events “serious issue of national security,' saying government taking "very seriously"

ISLAMABAD: Intelligence and cyber security experts on Monday called for strict compliance with protocols as a slew of audio recordings of conversations between key government figures, including Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif, were leaked online over the weekend.

The leaks involve discussions between Sharif and members of his cabinet, including conversations with ruling party leader Maryam Nawaz over the performance of outgoing finance minister Miftah Ismail, and with an unidentified official about the possibility of facilitating the import of Indian machinery for a power project for Nawaz’s son-in-law.

Opposition leader Chaudhry Fawad Hussain, a close aide to ex-PM Imran Khan, demanded an inquiry into the leak, saying the results should be shared with the public. Information Minister Maryam Aurangzeb said in a statement on Sunday the leaks had not revealed that the government was involved in any “illegal act.”

However, addressing a press conference in Faisalabad on Monday, ruling party leader Talal Chaudhary called the events a “serious issue of national security.”

“The audio leaks issue was taken very seriously because the national security and the sanctity of the prime minister's house are at stake,” he said.

Speaking with Arab News, intelligence and cybersecurity experts called for strict compliance with protocols and procedures.

“These data hacks occurred because advisories, recommendations, and precautions advised by the concerned institutions and departments were not followed in letter and spirit,” cybersecurity expert Tariq Malik told Arab News. “All the top officials have to cooperate with concerned departments to secure all technological devices including smartwatches and strictly follow the protocols and procedures given by the concerned authorities.”

Former additional director general Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) Ammar Jafri called the leaks a “serious threat.”

“All should take it beyond politics as it is a matter of the state of Pakistan, not any particular political party,” he told Arab News.

“The telephones of all the senior people related to these offices should be thoroughly checked by the security institutions, to find any viruses or such things. Secondly, all the officials should be strictly prohibited from downloading unnecessary applications, and thirdly the premises should be thoroughly screened and it should be done frequently.”

Bashir Wali Mohmand, a former director general at the Intelligence Bureau (IB), said the data of the prime minister’s office was top secret and taken care of accordingly by concerned departments.

“This leak is not a big thing as it has not indicated any direct threat to the prime minister's life,” he told Arab News.

Pakistan last year called on the United Nations to investigate whether India used Israeli-made Pegasus spyware to spy on public figures including then PM Imran Khan.

The Pakistani leader's phone number was on a list of what an investigation by a group of 17 international media organisations and Amnesty International said were potential surveillance targets for countries that bought the spyware.


Investors pin hopes on ‘Daronomics,’ outgoing finance minister to have ‘no role in government’

Updated 26 September 2022

Investors pin hopes on ‘Daronomics,’ outgoing finance minister to have ‘no role in government’

  • Ishaq Dar to take over as finance minister from Miftah Ismail, investors hopeful he will stabilize rupee and tame inflation
  • Dubbed Darnomics, Dar’s approach kept rupee stable between Rs98 and Rs105 against greenback during previous stint

KARACHI: Pakistan’s currency and equity markets on Monday celebrated the return of Ishaq Dar as the finance minister of Pakistan, with investors pinning hopes that a new era of “Darnomics” would stabilize the rupee and tame inflation, analysts and economists said. 

Dar is a member of Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif’s ruling PMLN party and has already been finance minister four times.

Dubbed Darnomics, Dar’s approach kept the rupee stable between Rs98 and Rs105 against the greenback during his last stint in office from 2013-2017 but he was widely criticized for deliberately undervaluing the rupee by pumping dollars in the market. 

The Pakistani rupee gained in value by 1.11% or Rs2.63 to close at Rs237.02 against the United States dollar in the interbank market on Monday, and gained Rs6.90 to trade at Rs237.50 in the open market following the reports of Dar’s return. Dar is expected to take charge this week.

While media has reported now former finance minister Miftah Ismail will remain part of the government’s economic team, the outgoing official told Arab News on Monday: “I will have no role in the government.”

Speaking to local media before departing for Pakistan from London where he has lived in exile since 2017 when he was disqualified from office by a court in a corruption case, Dar said:

“I am returning to the same office that I left five years back. This is Allah’s blessing … This will be my aim, to bring Pakistan’s [economy] back on track. The economy is constantly faltering and we will try to change its direction.”

Dar takes over as the economy faces one of its worst balance of payment crises, and recent floods are estimated to have cost it nearly $30 billion.

Earlier this month, the government cut its GDP growth forecast below 3% from a 5% budgetary target for 2022-23.

“Ishaq Dar is known for keeping the exchange rate stable for stronger currency, that is why the currency market has strongly reacted to his return resultantly the rupee gain some strength,” Samiullah Tariq, Director Research at Pakistan Kuwait Investment Company, said.

Economists said Dar’s return would bring some “comfort” to the currency market and tame increasing inflation, which is at a 47-year high at 27.3%.

“Ishaq Dar is being brought back by the coalition government keeping in view his past track of keeping the exchange rate under control,” Dr. Sajid Amin, Deputy Executive Director at the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), told Arab News.

“The first priority of the coalition government is to bring stability in the value of rupee as the national currency has fast eroded its value against the US dollar despite International Monetary Fund (IMF) program revival,” he added.

Economists said the coalition government of PM Shehbaz Sharif had paid the political cost of much-needed measures taken by the outgoing finance minister, including the withdrawal of fuel subsidies and fast depreciation of the rupee.

“When the rupee depreciates, the public attributes it to the performance of the economic managers. As a political party this has been the discourse at some level and the decision to bring Dar has been taken in order to show economic performance and improve the image in the eyes of the public.”

The government’s decision to replace Ismail with the Dar reflected the coalition government’s need to immediately “showcase” performance “due to the short time available to the election next year,” Amin said.

“Government wants to go into the election with a new image, with a new market and public feelings that it has improved things … exchange rate and inflation, two key indicators,” he added.

But many economists said Dar’s return would have little effect.

“Changing faces may have limited impacts as we are facing both global and domestic recessions,” Khurram Schehzad, CEO at Alpha Beta Core, a startup investment advisory platform, told Arab News. “Options are limited and the economic situation is challenging. So expecting something extraordinarily different from another person would not be prudent.”

Pakistani industrialists said the incoming finance minister would have to deal with a plethora of issues, chief among them political instability.

“Pakistan is facing a very difficult time at the time when Ishaq Dar is coming back … current account deficit, trade deficit, debt repayments, high inflation, and rupee dollar parity are among them,” Zubair Motiwala, chairman of the Businessmen Group at the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI), told Arab News.

“The big problem is political stability ... instability is the mother of all economic evils in Pakistan so he will have to deal with it. Our best wishes are with him and we pray for the speedy improvement of the issues the country is facing right now.”

Pakistan stocks closed bullish with the benchmark KSE100 index settling at 41,151 level, up by 531 points or 1.31%.

“Bullish activity witnessed on strong rupee recovery amid decision over the appointment of a new finance minister, which is likely to stabilize economic uncertainty,” Ahsan Mehanti, CEO of Arif Habib Corporation, said.


Islamabad court extends custody of journalist Ayaz Amir, son in beating death of Canadian woman

Updated 52 min 48 sec ago

Islamabad court extends custody of journalist Ayaz Amir, son in beating death of Canadian woman

  • Sarah Inam was allegedly killed by her husband Shahnawaz Amir “with dumbbells” last week
  • Police say Inam’s family is expected to arrive in Islamabad from Canada by Tuesday to pursue case

ISLAMABAD: An Islamabad district court on Monday extended the custody of veteran journalist Ayaz Amir and his son Shahnawaz Amir in the case of the murder of the latter’s wife in Islamabad last week.

Sarah Inam, a 37-year-old economist, had wed Shahnawaz around three months ago and was allegedly murdered by her husband at the suspect’s mother’s home in Islamabad on Friday. The murder took place a day after Inam had returned from Abu Dhabi where she works.

The police arrested Shahnawaz from the crime scene on Saturday morning while his father was arrested late on Sunday night.

The police on Monday presented both suspects before judicial magistrate Amir Aziz Khan after their physical remand expired.

A deputy superintendent of police Hakim Khan said Inam’s family was expected to arrive in Islamabad from Canada tonight, Monday, to pursue the case.

“The police will record their statements, and if necessary, some more sections could be included in the already registered FIR,” he told Arab News. “The police will be fully cooperating with the victim’s family to take this case to the logical conclusion.”

During Monday’s hearing, the investigation officer in the case, Inspector Habib-ur-Rehman, requested the court to extend police custody of the suspects as officers had yet to complete their investigation.

The judge inquired about Ayaz’s role and the inspector said he had been nominated by the victim’s uncle and aunt. He said the victim’s parents lived in Canada and would reach Pakistan by tomorrow, Tuesday.

“We need to determine the role of Ayaz Amir in the nikah [marriage contract], therefore the court should grant extension in his remand,” the inspector said.

Addressing the judge, Amir said he was “traumatized.”

“I had informed the police about the incident and even guided them to the farmhouse where the murder took place,” the journalist said. “Police have not asked me anything during the remand … Have they got any new evidence against me [to seek the remand extension]?”

The journalist questioned why the police were trying to link him to the murder. “Can you [the police] furnish any evidence of my involvementt?”

The court extended Shahnawaz’s remand for three days, while Ayaz’s remand was extended for a day.

Earlier in the day, additional sessions judge Sheikh Sohail granted interim bail to Shahnawaz’s mother, Sameena Shah, for three days and directed her to be part of the investigation.

In her bail petition to the court, Shah said her son Shahnawaz had informed her about the murder on Saturday morning in a phone call. She said she had no connection with the murder and was willing to cooperate with the police in the investigation.

According to the first information report, registered on the complaint of Shahzad Town Station House Officer Nawazish Ali Khan, Shahnawaz’s mother called police on September 23 and informed them that Shahnawaz had murdered his wife “with a dumbbell.”

“My son is present in the house and has hidden the body,” the FIR quotes Sameena as saying, adding that the police subsequently raided the house.

“He had locked himself up in his room. When they broke inside, there were stains of blood stains on Shahnawaz’s hands and clothes,” the police said in the complaint. “He then confessed that he had repeatedly hit his wife with a dumbbell during an argument and then hid her body in the washroom’s bathtub.”

Shahnawaz also said he had “hidden” the murder weapon under his bed, which police subsequently found and sent for a forensics examination.


Southern Pakistani province plans to move thousands of flood-hit people to ‘tent city’

Updated 26 September 2022

Southern Pakistani province plans to move thousands of flood-hit people to ‘tent city’

  • The tent city in Karachi’s Malir district includes 1,300 tarpaulin camps to house flood-affected people currently staying at Karachi schools
  • Floods have inundated around 15,000 schools Sindh, while education activities remain suspended at another 5,000 facilities housing affectees

KARACHI: Authorities in Pakistan’s southern Sindh province on Monday said they were moving thousands of people displaced by catastrophic floods to a “tent city” on the outskirts of the port city of Karachi.

Torrential rains and floods have killed more than 1,600 people and affected 33 million across Pakistan since the beginning of monsoon season in mid-June. The deluges have forced 1.45 million people out of homes in the southern Sindh province, washing away most of their crops.

The provincial government has accommodated these displaced people in 5,000 government-run schools across the province, with 30 schools housing the affectees in Karachi.

Local authorities have decided to move these thousands of affectees from government-run schools in Karachi’s East district to hundreds of tarpaulin camps in the Malir district on the outskirts of the megapolis.

“About 7,000 people living in our relief camps would be shifted and the schools will be vacated,” said Raja Tariq Chandio, deputy commissioner of the East district, where most of the schools sheltering displaced people are situated.

Irfan Salam, deputy commissioner of the Malir district, said authorities had erected 1,300 shelters along the Malir link road, while K-Electric, the city’s sole power distributor, was also laying a power transmission line to supply electricity to these camps.

“In the tent city, flood victims will have safe drinking water and cooked meals. It has 20 washrooms and a hospital with men and women doctors and paramedics,” Salam told Arab News.

“It will take at least 10 days for K-Electric to set up the power transmission line, but we will start providing electricity through generators as we plan to move flood victims within the next two days.”

He said a charity had committed to provide breakfast, lunch and dinner for the displaced people, for which a kitchen was being set up.

The Sindh education foundation would also set up a school to impart education to children of these flood-affected people, Salam added.

The deadly floods have inundated around 15,000 schools across the southern Pakistani province, while education activities remain suspended at another 5,000 institutes housing the affected masses.

Around 2.5 million students enrolled at these 20,000 schools may drop out this year as the province lacks resources to make educational facilities functional soon after floodwater recedes from marooned areas, according to Sindh Education Minister Sardar Ali Shah.

After the relocation of affected masses to the Malir district, officials say classes will resume at 30 government-run facilities housing them in Karachi’s East district.

Javed Shah, a teacher at the Government Boys Primary School in the district, told Arab News the local administration had communicated to them that the schools would be vacated this week, but it would take another few days to make arrangements for resumption of classes.

“We are happy that classes are going to resume soon,” Shah told Arab News. “We will bring the schools to order to resume classes.”


Dubai's DP World announces $2.5 million in flood assistance to Pakistan

Updated 26 September 2022

Dubai's DP World announces $2.5 million in flood assistance to Pakistan

  • The logistics firm's chief announced last week he planned to set up industrial parks in Pakistan
  • Sheikh Sultan bin Sulayem said Pakistan had a huge investment potential and human resource

ISLAMABAD: DP World, one of the world’s largest logistics and port terminal operators headquartered in Dubai, has announced donating $2.5 million to Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) embassy said on Sunday, after massive floods caused widespread death and destruction in the South Asian country. 

Cataclysmic floods have killed at least 1,638 people, displaced more than 33 million and inundated a third of Pakistan since the onset of monsoon season in mid-June. 

The deluges have damaged millions of homes, swept away livestock and standing crops, causing an estimated loss of $3 billion to the South Asian country, already grappling with an economic crisis. 

The announcement of $2.5 million donation came after DP World Chairman Sheikh Sultan bin Sulayem's meetings with Pakistan President Arif Alvi and Army Chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa. 

"DP World supports the relief efforts in the aftermath of floods and torrential rains that hit large parts of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and announces to donate $2.5 million dollars to the Pakistan Army's Flood Relief account," the UAE embassy in Islamabad said on Twitter. 

The DP World chairman arrived in Pakistan on Friday to assess the scale of the disaster, which officials have blamed on human-driven climate change. 

Sheikh Sultan said he was interested in setting up industrial parks in Pakistan, which had a huge investment potential and availability of human resource.  

“The vision I have is to open industrial parks in Pakistan which will be equipped with modern infrastructure,” he said at a press conference in Karachi on Friday.  

"Human resource is no problem in Pakistan as the country has many highly educated engineers, who will work in these industrial parks."  

The Dubai-based logistics firm already operates a container terminal at the Karachi port. 

Pakistan and the UAE have close fraternal relations and bilateral cooperation in a range of fields. The UAE is also Pakistan’s largest trading partner in the Middle East and home to more than 1.6 million Pakistanis.