At least two dead, 22 wounded by bomb in Pakistan's Lahore

Security officials cordon off the site of a bomb blast that killed two people and wounded 22 others at a busy shopping district in Lahore, Pakistan, on January 20, 2022. (AFP)
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Updated 21 January 2022

At least two dead, 22 wounded by bomb in Pakistan's Lahore

  • The attack was claimed by the Baloch Nationalist Army, a separatist group operating in southwest Pakistan
  • Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan expressed regret over the 'loss of precious human lives' in a statement

LAHORE: At least two people were killed and 22 wounded Thursday by a bomb blast in a busy shopping district of the Pakistani megacity of Lahore, police and officials said.
The attack was claimed by a spokesman for the Baloch Nationalist Army (BNA), one of several ethnic separatist groups that have been waging an insurgency for years in southwest Pakistan.
The spokesman said police and bank workers were targeted "in response to the killing of women and children by Pakistani forces in Balochistan," the largest province of the south Asian nation.
There will be more attacks "unless the military regime holds meaningful talks ... on the issue of national independence and withdrawal of its troops from Baloch soil," the spokesman said in a statement shared on messaging app Telegram.
Thursday's blast happened in old Lahore's busy Anarkali shopping district, damaging several motorbikes and upturning market stalls.
"Initial investigations show that it was a time-controlled device on a motorbike which was the cause of the blast," Rana Arif, spokesman for Lahore police, told AFP.

Officials said a nine-year-old child was one of those killed.
Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan expressed regret over the "loss of precious human lives," a spokesman for his office said.
The seven million inhabitants of mineral-rich Balochistan, bordering Afghanistan and Iran, have long complained they do not receive a fair share of its gas and mineral wealth.
China is investing in the area under a $54-billion project known as the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), upgrading infrastructure, power and transport links between its far-western Xinjiang region and Pakistan's Gwadar port.

Baloch separatists previously claimed several attacks on CPEC projects, and thousands of Pakistani security personnel are deployed in the region to counter the violence.
Pakistan has suffered a string of blasts and attacks against police since December, when a truce between the government and Pakistan's Taliban lapsed.
Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) -- a home-grown movement that shares common roots with the Afghan Taliban -- has claimed responsibility for most recent attacks.
The TTP said earlier this week it was responsible for a deadly shootout in Islamabad on Monday night -- a rare attack by the militants in the heavily guarded capital.
A police officer was killed and two others injured when two TTP gunmen opened fire from a motorbike on a police checkpoint.
Police said both attackers were killed, and Pakistan's interior minister warned afterwards of the potential for further violence.
Pakistan's government announced late last year it had entered a month-long truce with the TTP, facilitated by Afghanistan's Taliban, but that expired on December 9 after peace talks failed to make progress.
The TTP has been blamed for hundreds of suicide bomb attacks and kidnappings across the country, and for a while held sway over vast tracts of the nation's rugged tribal belt, imposing a radical version of Islamic law.
But after the 2014 massacre of nearly 150 children at a Peshawar school, the Pakistan military sent huge numbers of troops into TTP strongholds and crushed the movement, forcing its fighters to retreat to Afghanistan.


Experts, politicians sound alarm as audio leaks put Pakistan national security, PM house ‘at stake’

Updated 26 September 2022

Experts, politicians sound alarm as audio leaks put Pakistan national security, PM house ‘at stake’

  • Experts call for strict compliance with protocols as audio recordings of conversations between key officials leaked
  • Ruling party's Talal Chaudhary called events “serious issue of national security,' saying government taking "very seriously"

ISLAMABAD: Intelligence and cyber security experts on Monday called for strict compliance with protocols as a slew of audio recordings of conversations between key government figures, including Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif, were leaked online over the weekend.

The leaks involve discussions between Sharif and members of his cabinet, including conversations with ruling party leader Maryam Nawaz over the performance of outgoing finance minister Miftah Ismail, and with an unidentified official about the possibility of facilitating the import of Indian machinery for a power project for Nawaz’s son-in-law.

Opposition leader Chaudhry Fawad Hussain, a close aide to ex-PM Imran Khan, demanded an inquiry into the leak, saying the results should be shared with the public. Information Minister Maryam Aurangzeb said in a statement on Sunday the leaks had not revealed that the government was involved in any “illegal act.”

However, addressing a press conference in Faisalabad on Monday, ruling party leader Talal Chaudhary called the events a “serious issue of national security.”

“The audio leaks issue was taken very seriously because the national security and the sanctity of the prime minister's house are at stake,” he said.

Speaking with Arab News, intelligence and cybersecurity experts called for strict compliance with protocols and procedures.

“These data hacks occurred because advisories, recommendations, and precautions advised by the concerned institutions and departments were not followed in letter and spirit,” cybersecurity expert Tariq Malik told Arab News. “All the top officials have to cooperate with concerned departments to secure all technological devices including smartwatches and strictly follow the protocols and procedures given by the concerned authorities.”

Former additional director general Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) Ammar Jafri called the leaks a “serious threat.”

“All should take it beyond politics as it is a matter of the state of Pakistan, not any particular political party,” he told Arab News.

“The telephones of all the senior people related to these offices should be thoroughly checked by the security institutions, to find any viruses or such things. Secondly, all the officials should be strictly prohibited from downloading unnecessary applications, and thirdly the premises should be thoroughly screened and it should be done frequently.”

Bashir Wali Mohmand, a former director general at the Intelligence Bureau (IB), said the data of the prime minister’s office was top secret and taken care of accordingly by concerned departments.

“This leak is not a big thing as it has not indicated any direct threat to the prime minister's life,” he told Arab News.

Pakistan last year called on the United Nations to investigate whether India used Israeli-made Pegasus spyware to spy on public figures including then PM Imran Khan.

The Pakistani leader's phone number was on a list of what an investigation by a group of 17 international media organisations and Amnesty International said were potential surveillance targets for countries that bought the spyware.


Investors pin hopes on ‘Daronomics,’ outgoing finance minister to have ‘no role in government’

Updated 26 September 2022

Investors pin hopes on ‘Daronomics,’ outgoing finance minister to have ‘no role in government’

  • Ishaq Dar to take over as finance minister from Miftah Ismail, investors hopeful he will stabilize rupee and tame inflation
  • Dubbed Darnomics, Dar’s approach kept rupee stable between Rs98 and Rs105 against greenback during previous stint

KARACHI: Pakistan’s currency and equity markets on Monday celebrated the return of Ishaq Dar as the finance minister of Pakistan, with investors pinning hopes that a new era of “Darnomics” would stabilize the rupee and tame inflation, analysts and economists said. 

Dar is a member of Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif’s ruling PMLN party and has already been finance minister four times.

Dubbed Darnomics, Dar’s approach kept the rupee stable between Rs98 and Rs105 against the greenback during his last stint in office from 2013-2017 but he was widely criticized for deliberately undervaluing the rupee by pumping dollars in the market. 

The Pakistani rupee gained in value by 1.11% or Rs2.63 to close at Rs237.02 against the United States dollar in the interbank market on Monday, and gained Rs6.90 to trade at Rs237.50 in the open market following the reports of Dar’s return. Dar is expected to take charge this week.

While media has reported now former finance minister Miftah Ismail will remain part of the government’s economic team, the outgoing official told Arab News on Monday: “I will have no role in the government.”

Speaking to local media before departing for Pakistan from London where he has lived in exile since 2017 when he was disqualified from office by a court in a corruption case, Dar said:

“I am returning to the same office that I left five years back. This is Allah’s blessing … This will be my aim, to bring Pakistan’s [economy] back on track. The economy is constantly faltering and we will try to change its direction.”

Dar takes over as the economy faces one of its worst balance of payment crises, and recent floods are estimated to have cost it nearly $30 billion.

Earlier this month, the government cut its GDP growth forecast below 3% from a 5% budgetary target for 2022-23.

“Ishaq Dar is known for keeping the exchange rate stable for stronger currency, that is why the currency market has strongly reacted to his return resultantly the rupee gain some strength,” Samiullah Tariq, Director Research at Pakistan Kuwait Investment Company, said.

Economists said Dar’s return would bring some “comfort” to the currency market and tame increasing inflation, which is at a 47-year high at 27.3%.

“Ishaq Dar is being brought back by the coalition government keeping in view his past track of keeping the exchange rate under control,” Dr. Sajid Amin, Deputy Executive Director at the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), told Arab News.

“The first priority of the coalition government is to bring stability in the value of rupee as the national currency has fast eroded its value against the US dollar despite International Monetary Fund (IMF) program revival,” he added.

Economists said the coalition government of PM Shehbaz Sharif had paid the political cost of much-needed measures taken by the outgoing finance minister, including the withdrawal of fuel subsidies and fast depreciation of the rupee.

“When the rupee depreciates, the public attributes it to the performance of the economic managers. As a political party this has been the discourse at some level and the decision to bring Dar has been taken in order to show economic performance and improve the image in the eyes of the public.”

The government’s decision to replace Ismail with the Dar reflected the coalition government’s need to immediately “showcase” performance “due to the short time available to the election next year,” Amin said.

“Government wants to go into the election with a new image, with a new market and public feelings that it has improved things … exchange rate and inflation, two key indicators,” he added.

But many economists said Dar’s return would have little effect.

“Changing faces may have limited impacts as we are facing both global and domestic recessions,” Khurram Schehzad, CEO at Alpha Beta Core, a startup investment advisory platform, told Arab News. “Options are limited and the economic situation is challenging. So expecting something extraordinarily different from another person would not be prudent.”

Pakistani industrialists said the incoming finance minister would have to deal with a plethora of issues, chief among them political instability.

“Pakistan is facing a very difficult time at the time when Ishaq Dar is coming back … current account deficit, trade deficit, debt repayments, high inflation, and rupee dollar parity are among them,” Zubair Motiwala, chairman of the Businessmen Group at the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI), told Arab News.

“The big problem is political stability ... instability is the mother of all economic evils in Pakistan so he will have to deal with it. Our best wishes are with him and we pray for the speedy improvement of the issues the country is facing right now.”

Pakistan stocks closed bullish with the benchmark KSE100 index settling at 41,151 level, up by 531 points or 1.31%.

“Bullish activity witnessed on strong rupee recovery amid decision over the appointment of a new finance minister, which is likely to stabilize economic uncertainty,” Ahsan Mehanti, CEO of Arif Habib Corporation, said.


Islamabad court extends custody of journalist Ayaz Amir, son in beating death of Canadian woman

Updated 52 min 48 sec ago

Islamabad court extends custody of journalist Ayaz Amir, son in beating death of Canadian woman

  • Sarah Inam was allegedly killed by her husband Shahnawaz Amir “with dumbbells” last week
  • Police say Inam’s family is expected to arrive in Islamabad from Canada by Tuesday to pursue case

ISLAMABAD: An Islamabad district court on Monday extended the custody of veteran journalist Ayaz Amir and his son Shahnawaz Amir in the case of the murder of the latter’s wife in Islamabad last week.

Sarah Inam, a 37-year-old economist, had wed Shahnawaz around three months ago and was allegedly murdered by her husband at the suspect’s mother’s home in Islamabad on Friday. The murder took place a day after Inam had returned from Abu Dhabi where she works.

The police arrested Shahnawaz from the crime scene on Saturday morning while his father was arrested late on Sunday night.

The police on Monday presented both suspects before judicial magistrate Amir Aziz Khan after their physical remand expired.

A deputy superintendent of police Hakim Khan said Inam’s family was expected to arrive in Islamabad from Canada tonight, Monday, to pursue the case.

“The police will record their statements, and if necessary, some more sections could be included in the already registered FIR,” he told Arab News. “The police will be fully cooperating with the victim’s family to take this case to the logical conclusion.”

During Monday’s hearing, the investigation officer in the case, Inspector Habib-ur-Rehman, requested the court to extend police custody of the suspects as officers had yet to complete their investigation.

The judge inquired about Ayaz’s role and the inspector said he had been nominated by the victim’s uncle and aunt. He said the victim’s parents lived in Canada and would reach Pakistan by tomorrow, Tuesday.

“We need to determine the role of Ayaz Amir in the nikah [marriage contract], therefore the court should grant extension in his remand,” the inspector said.

Addressing the judge, Amir said he was “traumatized.”

“I had informed the police about the incident and even guided them to the farmhouse where the murder took place,” the journalist said. “Police have not asked me anything during the remand … Have they got any new evidence against me [to seek the remand extension]?”

The journalist questioned why the police were trying to link him to the murder. “Can you [the police] furnish any evidence of my involvementt?”

The court extended Shahnawaz’s remand for three days, while Ayaz’s remand was extended for a day.

Earlier in the day, additional sessions judge Sheikh Sohail granted interim bail to Shahnawaz’s mother, Sameena Shah, for three days and directed her to be part of the investigation.

In her bail petition to the court, Shah said her son Shahnawaz had informed her about the murder on Saturday morning in a phone call. She said she had no connection with the murder and was willing to cooperate with the police in the investigation.

According to the first information report, registered on the complaint of Shahzad Town Station House Officer Nawazish Ali Khan, Shahnawaz’s mother called police on September 23 and informed them that Shahnawaz had murdered his wife “with a dumbbell.”

“My son is present in the house and has hidden the body,” the FIR quotes Sameena as saying, adding that the police subsequently raided the house.

“He had locked himself up in his room. When they broke inside, there were stains of blood stains on Shahnawaz’s hands and clothes,” the police said in the complaint. “He then confessed that he had repeatedly hit his wife with a dumbbell during an argument and then hid her body in the washroom’s bathtub.”

Shahnawaz also said he had “hidden” the murder weapon under his bed, which police subsequently found and sent for a forensics examination.


Southern Pakistani province plans to move thousands of flood-hit people to ‘tent city’

Updated 26 September 2022

Southern Pakistani province plans to move thousands of flood-hit people to ‘tent city’

  • The tent city in Karachi’s Malir district includes 1,300 tarpaulin camps to house flood-affected people currently staying at Karachi schools
  • Floods have inundated around 15,000 schools Sindh, while education activities remain suspended at another 5,000 facilities housing affectees

KARACHI: Authorities in Pakistan’s southern Sindh province on Monday said they were moving thousands of people displaced by catastrophic floods to a “tent city” on the outskirts of the port city of Karachi.

Torrential rains and floods have killed more than 1,600 people and affected 33 million across Pakistan since the beginning of monsoon season in mid-June. The deluges have forced 1.45 million people out of homes in the southern Sindh province, washing away most of their crops.

The provincial government has accommodated these displaced people in 5,000 government-run schools across the province, with 30 schools housing the affectees in Karachi.

Local authorities have decided to move these thousands of affectees from government-run schools in Karachi’s East district to hundreds of tarpaulin camps in the Malir district on the outskirts of the megapolis.

“About 7,000 people living in our relief camps would be shifted and the schools will be vacated,” said Raja Tariq Chandio, deputy commissioner of the East district, where most of the schools sheltering displaced people are situated.

Irfan Salam, deputy commissioner of the Malir district, said authorities had erected 1,300 shelters along the Malir link road, while K-Electric, the city’s sole power distributor, was also laying a power transmission line to supply electricity to these camps.

“In the tent city, flood victims will have safe drinking water and cooked meals. It has 20 washrooms and a hospital with men and women doctors and paramedics,” Salam told Arab News.

“It will take at least 10 days for K-Electric to set up the power transmission line, but we will start providing electricity through generators as we plan to move flood victims within the next two days.”

He said a charity had committed to provide breakfast, lunch and dinner for the displaced people, for which a kitchen was being set up.

The Sindh education foundation would also set up a school to impart education to children of these flood-affected people, Salam added.

The deadly floods have inundated around 15,000 schools across the southern Pakistani province, while education activities remain suspended at another 5,000 institutes housing the affected masses.

Around 2.5 million students enrolled at these 20,000 schools may drop out this year as the province lacks resources to make educational facilities functional soon after floodwater recedes from marooned areas, according to Sindh Education Minister Sardar Ali Shah.

After the relocation of affected masses to the Malir district, officials say classes will resume at 30 government-run facilities housing them in Karachi’s East district.

Javed Shah, a teacher at the Government Boys Primary School in the district, told Arab News the local administration had communicated to them that the schools would be vacated this week, but it would take another few days to make arrangements for resumption of classes.

“We are happy that classes are going to resume soon,” Shah told Arab News. “We will bring the schools to order to resume classes.”


Dubai's DP World announces $2.5 million in flood assistance to Pakistan

Updated 26 September 2022

Dubai's DP World announces $2.5 million in flood assistance to Pakistan

  • The logistics firm's chief announced last week he planned to set up industrial parks in Pakistan
  • Sheikh Sultan bin Sulayem said Pakistan had a huge investment potential and human resource

ISLAMABAD: DP World, one of the world’s largest logistics and port terminal operators headquartered in Dubai, has announced donating $2.5 million to Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) embassy said on Sunday, after massive floods caused widespread death and destruction in the South Asian country. 

Cataclysmic floods have killed at least 1,638 people, displaced more than 33 million and inundated a third of Pakistan since the onset of monsoon season in mid-June. 

The deluges have damaged millions of homes, swept away livestock and standing crops, causing an estimated loss of $3 billion to the South Asian country, already grappling with an economic crisis. 

The announcement of $2.5 million donation came after DP World Chairman Sheikh Sultan bin Sulayem's meetings with Pakistan President Arif Alvi and Army Chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa. 

"DP World supports the relief efforts in the aftermath of floods and torrential rains that hit large parts of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and announces to donate $2.5 million dollars to the Pakistan Army's Flood Relief account," the UAE embassy in Islamabad said on Twitter. 

The DP World chairman arrived in Pakistan on Friday to assess the scale of the disaster, which officials have blamed on human-driven climate change. 

Sheikh Sultan said he was interested in setting up industrial parks in Pakistan, which had a huge investment potential and availability of human resource.  

“The vision I have is to open industrial parks in Pakistan which will be equipped with modern infrastructure,” he said at a press conference in Karachi on Friday.  

"Human resource is no problem in Pakistan as the country has many highly educated engineers, who will work in these industrial parks."  

The Dubai-based logistics firm already operates a container terminal at the Karachi port. 

Pakistan and the UAE have close fraternal relations and bilateral cooperation in a range of fields. The UAE is also Pakistan’s largest trading partner in the Middle East and home to more than 1.6 million Pakistanis.