Incendiary balloons, gunshots fuel Gaza border tension

A bird flies while smoke trails from test rockets fired by the Palestinian Islamist Hamas are seen behind it. (AFP)
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Updated 11 August 2020

Incendiary balloons, gunshots fuel Gaza border tension

  • Hamas not seeking escalation, says source
  • Hamas aims to pressure Israel to give the green light for the transfer of financial aid into the strip

GAZA CITY: Incendiary balloons and gunshots have fueled tensions on the border between Gaza and Israel.

The launch of the explosives-laden balloons toward Israeli towns in the past few days has led to the bombing of some Hamas and Islamic Jihad sites as retaliation.

According to Israel’s Channel 12, the commanders of the security services concluded at the end of a meeting held Sunday that “the continued launching of balloons will lead to a violent response even if this leads to a comprehensive escalation.”

Two sources told Arab News, on condition of anonymity, that Hamas was seeking to increase the interest of mediators from Egypt and the UN in the Gaza situation and to push Israel into providing additional facilities.

The sources explained that Hamas was not seeking to reach a major or widespread escalation, especially in light of the COVID-19 crisis as well as other problems plaguing the Middle East.

“There is an attempt to raise the voice a little, and draw attention to the fact that the Gaza crisis is still in place, especially in light of the deteriorating economic situation, and the high unemployment rates, mainly due to the coronavirus crisis,” a Hamas source told Arab News.

Hamas and Israel reached an understanding at the end of 2017 to provide facilities and ease the blockade imposed on the Gaza Strip since 2007, although there have been spikes in tension since then.

One of the agreements reached was improving the Gaza Strip’s electricity supply, increasing the entry of goods, allowing materials that Israel considers to be of dual use, in addition to a permitting a grant from Qatar to help poor families that expires at the end of this month.

Al-Quds newspaper quoted unnamed sources as saying that the reason for the recent increase in tension was to pressure Israel into speeding up the implementation of these understandings and improve the power supply, extend the Qatari grant for another six months and allow dual-use items to enter Gaza.

BACKGROUND

Two sources told Arab News that Hamas was seeking to increase the interest of mediators from Egypt and the UN in the Gaza situation and to push Israel into providing additional facilities.

Israel’s Alternate Prime Minister and Defense Minister Benny Gantz said on Monday that Israel had no interest in an escalation in Gaza.

During a Knesset session Gantz set a condition for improving the economic situation in Gaza for the return of Israeli soldiers who have been detained by Hamas since 2014.

Hamas abducted two Israeli soldiers, whom Israel says were killed although Hamas has not disclosed their health status. Two other men are being held after they crossed over into Gaza. One is Arab and the other is of Ethiopian origin.

The Gaza Strip has witnessed three wars since 2007 that have killed and wounded thousands of people. There have also been several rounds of violent confrontation.

Political writer Hani Habib refused to describe the current border tension as an escalation, saying it was a squabble that was no different from what had been happening during the past few months.

“This is an attempt by each side to remind the other that it is there, and that adherence to the cease-fire understandings is the best way for things to return to normal,” he told Arab News. “There is concern from both Israel and Hamas after dragging the region into a large-scale escalation, and that action and reaction are still well-limited.”

 


Archaeologists unearth 27 coffins buried 2,500 years ago in Egyptian tomb

Updated 22 September 2020

Archaeologists unearth 27 coffins buried 2,500 years ago in Egyptian tomb

  • Egyptian antiquities officials believe the discovery to be the largest of its kind in the region

CAIRO: Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered 27 coffins that were buried more than 2,500 years ago in a pharaonic cemetery.

The sarcophagi were found at the Saqqara site in the governorate of Giza, south of the Egyptian capital, Cairo.

Egyptian antiquities officials believe the discovery to be the largest of its kind in the region. Saqqara was an active burial ground for more than 3,000 years and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Initial studies indicate that the coffins and shrouds inside have remained tightly sealed since burial, according to the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities.

The discovery was part of an Egyptian dig in the Saqqara area which unearthed an 11-meter-deep well containing colorfully painted wooden coffins stacked on top of each other along with other smaller artefacts.

Khaled Al-Anani, the Egyptian minister of antiquities, postponed announcing the discovery until he could visit the site himself, where he thanked teams for working in difficult conditions.

Ahmed Abdel Aziz, a professor of pharaonic archeology at a private university, said: “This new discovery is not the first in the Saqqara archaeological area. Archaeological discoveries have increased over the past years which draw attention to this region.

“This prompted many archaeological missions from many countries to work in this region, trying to probe the depths of this region and the treasures hidden inside it.”

Al-Anani said the increase in archaeological discoveries and the number of projects recently implemented by the Ministry of Antiquities were down to political will and exceptional support from the Egyptian government.

He pointed out the importance of resuming the work of 300 archaeological missions from 25 countries after a hiatus of a number of years, including some working in Egypt for the first time such as the joint Egyptian Chinese archaeological mission.

There were about 50 Egyptian missions working at sites in governorates throughout the country and Al-Anani praised their efforts in helping to unearth more evidence of ancient Egyptian civilization.

Mustafa Waziri, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Egyptian Antiquities, said that Saqqara was one of the most promising historical areas when it came to archaeological discoveries, adding that he planned to continue working in the area with his mission members to uncover more secrets and treasures of the past.

He noted that new finds during the current excavation season would have a positive impact on tourism in Egypt at locations such as Giza, Saqqara, Luxor, and Aswan.

Mohamed Abdel Hamid, vice president of the Egyptian Association for Tourism and Archaeological Development, said that the discovery was a testament to the architectural development of the area that could be seen in King Djoser’s collection. The pharaoh was found in a step pyramid which was the first tomb in Egypt to be built using stones.