Iran behind attacks on Saudi oil sites, UN report finds

The September 2019 attack, which temporarily halted half of Saudi crude oil production, was “unquestionably” sponsored by Iran. (Reuters)
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Updated 02 July 2020

Iran behind attacks on Saudi oil sites, UN report finds

  • The report comes with the Iran arms embargo set to expire on Oct. 18, 2020

JEDDAH: A new UN report has confirmed Iran’s role in the attack on Saudi Aramco facilities last September.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres presented the report to the Security Council in a video conference on Tuesday.

The report comes with the Iran arms embargo set to expire on Oct. 18, 2020

Guterres told the council that the report highlights the Iranian regime’s aggressive approach in destabilizing the region through military and financial support of armed militias in Yemen, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon.

The September 2019 attack, which temporarily halted half of Saudi crude oil production, was “unquestionably” sponsored by Iran, Defense Ministry spokesman Col. Turki Al-Maliki said during a news conference in the wake of the attack.

The report examines the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 2231, through which the UN endorsed the Iran nuclear deal in 2015.

In recent years, tensions in the region have been escalated by Tehran, a state-sponsor of terrorism. Attacks against oil tankers, sophisticated and synchronized attacks against oil facilities in the Kingdom, and Iran’s supply of arms to Yemeni militias have all played a role.

Saudi Arabia’s Foreign Ministry welcomed the report and said “it leaves no doubt for the international community about Iran’s hostile intentions towards the Kingdom in particular, the Arab region and wider world in general.”

Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan said the UN report is a reminder to the international community to take a firm stance against the Iranian regime’s aggression and terror.

“The details and facts laid out in the UN report reinforce our support for a continued ban on arming the Iranian regime, and confronting its developing nuclear and ballistic programs,” he said.

The Kingdom’s permanent representative to the UN, Abdallah Al-Mouallimi, said: “The report proves Iran’s involvement in the attacks on Saudi Arabia. The report is also evidence of Tehran’s violations of international resolutions.”

Al-Mouallimi said the Kingdom has warned of the security consequences of the arms agreement, which ignores Iran’s regional expansion and legitimate Saudi security concerns.

The envoy welcomed the cooperation of international partners that have realized long-term concerns about Iran’s expansionism.

Bahrain’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs praised the UN report,saying it demonstrated the dangerous role Iran is playing in sabotaging and destabilizing the security and stability of the region by supporting, financing, training and arming terrorist organizations, including the Houthi.

Iranian support for the militia is a reflection of Tehran’s desire to spread chaos and violence in the region, it said.

Hamdan Al-Shehri, a political analyst and international relations scholar, told Arab News that Saudi Arabia has repeatedly presented evidence highlighting the threat Iran poses to the region and the world.

“Iran has supplied the Houthis and other terrorist militias with weapons including ballistic missiles and drones that have posed a threat to the stability of the region for years. The UN embargo on a regime with a militia mentality and ideology, that poses a major threat, must be extended. We can’t deny the fact that lifting the embargo will allow Iran to continue its supply of arms to its militias and increase regional disorder,” he said.

He said Saudi Arabia’s letter to the UN Security Council is a call by the Kingdom to highlight the threat the regime poses, not just to the region but also the world.

“The ball is in the UN’s court. Failure by the global community and international organizations to unite against the aggression, especially now after the findings of the report clearly implicate Iran, will allow Iran to continue its advance,” he said.

He added: “If the UN Security Council and international organizations do not act on the report to condemn and take action against a regime of such terroristic ideologies, then what’s the purpose of these organizations?”

The analyst also said that the Kingdom could not be blamed for any reaction to Iranian aggression if international organizations continue to stay silent and fail to hold the country accountable.

Al-Mouallimi said that in the face of repeated attacks, Saudi Arabia has exercised restraint, even in cases where the source of attacks was clear.

On Sept. 14, 2019, the Saudi Defense Ministry said that 18 drones and three missiles were launched against the Abqaiq, the world’s largest oil-processing facility, but that the missiles fell short of the target. Four cruise missiles struck the Khurais oil field.
 


Houthis, Iran condemned over new drone attacks on KSA

Updated 26 October 2020

Houthis, Iran condemned over new drone attacks on KSA

  • One civilian injured by shrapnel after Saudi-led coalition intercepts four flying bombs launched from Yemen

JEDDAH: Houthi militias and their Iranian backers were condemned on Sunday after the Saudi-led coalition intercepted four explosive-laden drones in two attacks launched from Yemen targeting the south of the Kingdom.

Three of the drones were destroyed early on Saturday and a fourth on Sunday. Shrapnel that fell in Sarat Abidah governorate injured a civilian, and damaged five homes and three vehicles, said civil defense spokesman Capt. Mohammed Abdu Al-Sayed.

Iran was increasing its support to the Houthis to undermine efforts for peace, Dr. Hamdan Al-Shehri, the political analyst and international relations scholar, told Arab News.

“They want the Houthis to sabotage all they can in Saudi Arabia, regardless of whether their target is a populated area, oil facilities or even a sacred place. This adds tension to the area, and that is what Iran is working on.”

Iranians want the Houthis to sabotage all they can in Saudi Arabia, regardless of whether their target is a populated area, oil facilities or even a sacred place. This adds tension to the area, and that is what Iran is working on.

Dr. Hamdan Al-Shehri, political analyst and international relations scholar

Al-Shehri said the situation in Yemen would remain the same unless the legitimate government was returned to Yemen, Security Council Resolution 2216 was put into practice and the Houthi militia were removed.

“Without these things, the Yemen crisis will not end and the whole region will remain in tension.”

The Houthis did not differentiate between military sites and civilian locations, he said.

“Their objective is to damage all places they can reach in Saudi Arabia, and their latest attempts to attack a populated area are nothing new.

“They have also targeted airports and some Aramco oil facilities. If the Aramco attack had not been contained, the damage would have affected the whole Eastern region. They have also attempted to target Makkah, where pilgrims and worshippers were performing their rituals.

“They don’t care. If you look back at what the Revolutionary Guards did at the Grand Mosque, you will realize it is not strange that the Houthis are trying to destroy everything in Saudi Arabia. The strange thing is the silence of the world toward what is happening.”

 

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