‘We have been robbed’: Iraqis vent anger with poll boycott

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In the three previous elections since the fall of Saddam Hussein, the majority Shiite population have participated in large numbers but that enthusiasm has waned. (AFP)
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Iraqis voted on Saturday in the first parliamentary election since declaring victory over Daesh. (AFP)
Updated 14 May 2018
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‘We have been robbed’: Iraqis vent anger with poll boycott

  • ‘Reluctance is great and clear’: Just 44.5 percent turnout reported by election commission
  • People have a sense of futility, no work, no services and even no medical services., says one poll booth manager.

BAGHDAD: Elections in Iraq on Saturday suffered the lowest turnout of any vote since the US-led 2003 invasion, with a population jaded by government corruption.

The Independent High Electoral Commission said on Saturday night just 44.5 percent of registered voters had cast their ballots.

Across Baghdad, the streets were quiet throughout the day with officials and monitors saying just 30 percent went out to vote in some Shiite areas, election monitors said. 

There was relief, however, that just a few months since Daesh was declared defeated, there were no attacks on polling stations. The vote passed off almost free of violence, with just one explosion in Kirkuk killing three people.

About 7,000 Iraqi candidates ran for 329 seats representing 18 provinces.

Prime Minister Haider Abadi is hoping to fend off challenges from his predecessor, Nuri Al-Maliki, and a pro-Iranian militia leader, Hadi Al-Amiri.

Tight security measures were imposed for the voting, including shutting down border crossings and airports, and restrictions on vehicle movements in all provinces.

But as the poor turnout became clear in the morning, Abadi ordered the restrictions to be lifted in an attempt to encourage citizens to take part in voting.

By noon, Baghdad’s streets were almost empty with hundreds of troops and security vehicles deployed in every square and temporary blast walls blocking the roads.

In eastern Baghdad, candidates’ banners disappeared as youths dismantled the posters to salvage the steel frames.

“We have visited 60 voting stations across Baghdad, and our initial conclusion suggests that the turnout is very weak,” Ali Naji, head of a local monitoring team, told Arab News in the capital’s upmarket Al-Mansour district.

“There is a clear reluctance to participate in the elections this time.”

In the impoverished Sadr City, home to about 5 million people, the streets were unusually empty, except for a few cars ignoring the curfew.

Sadr City is crucial in deciding which list or coalition will win the election.

A young man dragged a tiny girl waving a small Iraqi flag behind him, while a woman in her 20s wearing a traditional black abaya and carrying a child in her arms walked slowly to a polling station. 

An elderly woman wearing an abaya and standing near the blast walls blocking vehicles from reaching the polling station called out to voters to support Al-Maliki, the former prime minister and head of State of Law coalition.

“It is almost 1 p.m. and no more than 30 voters out of 250 have come to vote so far,” Taher Fadhil, a manager of a polling station in Sadr City, told Arab News. 

“The reluctance is great and clear. People have a sense of futility, no work, no services and even no medical services.

“What do you expect from people?”

While the official turnout had not been announced last night, initial indications suggest it might struggle to get above 40 percent across Iraq.

In the three previous elections since the 2003 US-led invasion that toppled Saddam Hussein, the majority Shiite population has participated enthusiastically. Shiite electoral blocs have easily secured enough votes to form a government.

The situation has changed since 2014, when Daesh militants swamped the northern and western parts of the country and seized almost a third of Iraqi territory.

The militants have been defeated, but corruption has become even more rampant across all sectors of the state. Both Shiites and Sunnis have become jaded by corruption levels that rank among the worst in the world and frustrated at the failures of the government.

The previous three elections have also shown the dominance of the same political blocs.

The turnout in Baghdad is expected to fall below 30 percent and it was weak in both Sunni and Shiite districts. Many Sunni mosques used loudspeakers to urge people to vote. Shiites candidates circulated photos of representatives of Ayatollah Ali Al-Sistani, the most revered Shiite cleric in Iraq, and Muqtada Al-Sadr, the influential Shiite leader, in a bid to lift the turnout. 

“I did not vote because all the candidates belong to the same political blocs, and even the new ones belong to them,” Abu Ahmed, a garage owner in the Sunni Dora district of Baghdad, told Arab News.

“Those (the blocs) do not represent anyone but themselves. I mean all of them, including the Shiites and Sunnis.

“All these blocs have abused people. They have robbed us to finance themselves and their parties, so why should I vote for any of them?”


Abadi faces US wrath at U-turn on Iran sanctions

An intended visit to Tehran was canceled and Abadi’s office denied that the visit had even been planned. (REUTERS)
Updated 15 August 2018
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Abadi faces US wrath at U-turn on Iran sanctions

  • Iran has maintained close ties to Iraq's government since the 2003 U.S.-led invasion toppled Saddam Hussein, Tehran's archenemy
  • The administration says the renewed sanctions are meant to pressure Tehran to halt its alleged support for international terrorism

BAGHDAD: Failure by Iraq to comply fully with tough new US economic sanctions against Iran would be insane, analysts told Arab News on Tuesday.
Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Abadi risked incurring US wrath after contradicting himself in the space of a few hours over whether his country would comply.
Amid diplomatic maneuvers, as he negotiates for a second term in office after divisive and contested elections, Abadi offended both Tehran and Washington with conflicting statements on the US sanctions, which were reimposed last week.
First, the prime minister said that while Iraq disapproved of the new sanctions, it would reluctantly comply. “We don’t support the sanctions because they are a strategic error, but we will comply with them,” he said.
“Our economic situation is also difficult and we sympathize with Iran. But. at the same time, I will not make grand slogans that destroy my people and my country just to make certain people happy.”
His position provoked anger in Iran. An intended visit to Tehran on Tuesday to discuss the issue was canceled, and Abadi’s office denied that the visit had even been planned.
There was also criticism inside Iraq, especially from groups close to Tehran, such as the Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and Badr paramilitary movements.
Within hours, however, Abadi had reversed his position. “I did not say we abide by the sanctions, I said we abide by not using dollars in transactions. We have no other choice,” Abadi told a news conference in Baghdad.
Asked if Baghdad would stop imports of commodities, appliances and equipment by government companies from Iran, he said the matter was still being reviewed. “We honestly have not made any decision regarding this issue until now,” he said.
Michael Knights, the Lafer Fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, told Arab News: “Iraq can’t afford to be cut off from the dollar-based global financial system, so it makes sense to avoid sanctioned Iranian financial entities. Iraq should also protect its dollar reserves.
“These are the only sane options for a country that desperately needs international investment.”
Iraq is the second-largest purchaser of Iranian non-oil exports, and bought about $6 billion worth of goods in 2017. It also buys Iranian-generated electricity to deal with chronic power cuts that have been a key factor sparking mass protests in recent weeks.
On Tuesday, the British renewable energy investor Quercus became the latest major company to pull out of Iran as a result of the new sanctions.
It halted construction of $570 million solar power plant in Iran, which would have been the sixth-largest in the world.